Winter Encampment 1864

Posts about the Winter Encampment of the Army of the Potomac in 1864

Morton’s Ford:  Orders starting movement, good tactical execution of the artillery, and Butler’s scapegoat.

Skirmish at Rio Hill (demonstration supporting the Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid)

Evolution of the picket line on the Rapidan.

Cavalry commander complains of the infantry detailed to support the pickets.

A network of signal stations in the Winter Encampment, which gathered much intelligence for the Federals during the winter.  The hub of which was on Pony Mountain.  And consideration of those signal stations relative to the picket lines.

Hunt proposes more field grade officers in the artillery, Heavy (foot) Artillery to support field batteries, and restructuring the sutler arrangements.  The 6th New York Heavy Artillery was already attached to the Army of the Potomac at that time.

Photo: Officers of the Horse Artillery and their Napoleon

Consolidation, reorganization of the Army of the Potomac:

Meade submits his plan.

– With respect to the artillery, Hunt and Wainwright share ideas.

– A look at the final plan for artillery consolidation.

Comparison of artillery between the AoP and ANV, Spring 1864.

Hunt proposes Abbot to lead the army’s siege train.

– Hunt rejects short range howitzers and excludes the siege howitzers

Abbot prepares the siege train

Where was Grant’s headquarters in Culpeper?

Sunbright, site of the Third Corps Ball

Death of a sutler in camp

Redesign of the bridge pontoons (photos from the Engineer Camp)

The pontoon bridge at Wellford’s Ford (photo analysis)

Organization of Pioneer Corps for the Overland Campaign

Objections to the use of USCT to garrison Maryland’s Eastern Shore

Dealing with the civilians within and between the lines

Spring snow in the Winter Encampment

Colonel Charles S. Wainwright’s diary:

December 27:  Going into Winter Quarters

January 7:  Cold weather

January 10: Camp politics

January 14: State of the batteries

January 17: A fine Sunday

January 19: Huts and stables for the batteries

January 28: Training the batteries

January 31: Recruits arriving in the Army camp… and lots of women

February 4: Colonel Wainwright requests leave to recruit

February 16: Wainwright on leave

February 26: Wainwright prepares to return

February 29: Wainwright back in camp

March 3: Cavalry raid, thoughts on consolidation, and departure of Barry

March 6: Spring weather on the way

March 10: “Where are the men?” and observations of LTG Grant, the USCT, and Consolidation

March 13: Dealing with camp rumors

March 17: Observations from camp

March 20: “Nothing of note has happened

March 24: Army consolidation and reorganization of the artillery

March 27: Commander of Artillery, Fifth Corps

March 31: Review by General Grant

April 3: “They will ruin Grant.”

April 7: A warm day of sunshine

April 10: A rainstorm!

April 17: More rain, preparing for the campaign

April 21: Warning notes for the start of the campaign

April 24: Warm days and clouds of rumors

April 28: “We should all howl in unison

May 1: “The army was never in better condition

May 3: “we only wait the hour of midnight in order to start

And the Confederate side:

Lee recommends a promotion for John S. Mosby

Lee cuts rations, but offers motivation for his troops

Lee orders observation of the Sabbath in camp

Lee and 500 shoemakers in the Army of Northern Virginia.  Lee requested leather to make shoes for his army.  But the Confederate quartermaster insists he has things under control.

The conscript/volunteer problem – Lee asks for an equal distribution, the Confederate recruiting office complains there are abuses in South Carolina, and Beauregard responds. Cavalry commanders propose a swap of regiments. But reenlistment efforts met some success.

2 thoughts on “Winter Encampment 1864

  1. In Wainwrights diary entry entitled Lots of recruits… and women, I found it very interesting that women camped with their husbands. I am a new Civil War history fan, and in all of my studies I bypassed that information. I wonder if this was the case throughout the entire war?

    • It was generally the exception and not the rule. And where seen, it was more so with the officers regimental level and above. Certainly not during active campaigns.

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