The Second Missouri Artillery was organized in the fall of 1861 as the 1st Missouri Artillery, Reserve Corps with fifteen – yes, fifteen – batteries. Three were designated light batteries (A, B, and C) and the remainder as heavy batteries for garrison duty. Designated the 2nd Missouri in November 1861, the number of batteries was trimmed to twelve with a lot of shifting of resources. And for the first year or so of the war, these batteries defended Missouri, mostly around St. Louis. By the summer of 1863, enlistments were coming up and the regiment faced some pending changes (which would lead to consolidation in the fall). But at least through the end of June of that year, the formation remained a regiment in the table of organization and under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph Weydemeyer.
That said, the regiment’s summary is rather slim:
Six batteries have no returns. Of the other six, only three have cannons (two of which were the designated light batteries). So let us attempt to at least identify what is left out with an administrative summary. I recently came across a source with more detailed information about the officers assigned to this regiment. And I’ve applied some of that here:
- Battery A: No return. Assigned to District of St. Louis, stationed at Fort No. 5. Captain Michael Laux, of the battery, was under arrest for “Conduct unbecoming an officer and gentleman” for an incident involving a consumption of beer. Lieutenant Charles Faist filled in as commander.
- Battery B: With a November 1863 return , this battery was at Helena, Arkansas with one 6-pdr field gun and one 12-pdr field howitzer. However, a battery muster roll from June 1863 indicates the battery was at Forts 1 and 2, at St. Louis at this same time. In fact, I can find no record of a posting of this battery to Helena. So we have a conundrum with the summary. Captain John J. Sutter was in command.
- Battery C: Another November 1863 return, and also placing this battery at Helena, Arkansas. According to the return, Battery C had two 6-pdr field guns on hand. But yet again, this is at odds with the muster rolls, placing Battery C at Fort 9, St. Louis. Captain William Baltz was in command.
- Battery D: Based on a return filed in august 1864, this battery was at Cape Girardeau, Missouri, with an annotation “Infy Stores.” — Though with a return, no equipment tallied. Captain Charles P. Meisner commanded this battery, posted to the garrison of Cape Girardeau, Missouri.
- Battery E: No return. According to muster rolls, stationed at Forts No. 7 and 8 at St. Louis. Captain Otto Schwarz, commanding this battery, was “killed by unknown person” on June 1, 1863. Lieutenant Emil Holzborn replaced Schwarz.
- Battery F: No return. Stationed at Fort No. 3, St. Louis. Captain Arnold Roetter commanded.
- Battery G: A return filed in January 1864 placed this battery at St. Louis with infantry stores. There is a fort listed by name, but somewhat illegible. Muster rolls place the battery at Fort No. 6, St. Louis. Captain Emil Strodtman (or Strodtmann) was in command, but detached for courts martial duty.
- Battery H: No return. Posted to Fort No. 10. Captain Frederick Lohman was in command.
- Battery I: A return posted in August 1864 also indicates this battery had infantry stores on hand and stationed at St. Joseph, Missouri. The location is likely a transcription error. Like sister batteries, Battery I was at St. Louis. In this case, Fort No. 4. Captain Friederich W. Fuchs commanded.
- Battery K: No return. Assigned to the District of Southeast Missouri, this battery was equipped for field duty. Muster rolls indicate service at Arcadia, Missouri. Lieutenant Thaddeus S. Clarkson. The previous quarter, the battery reported two 12-pdr field howitzers and four 3-inch Ordnance rifles. This battery was involved with the Marmaduke Raid earlier in the spring.
- Battery L: No return. After serving at Rolla, Missouri through the spring, this battery returned to the St. Louis area – Camp Gamble. I am not certain who was in command. Lieutenant William Weydemeyer is the only officer I can say for certain was with the battery in June 1863.
- Battery M: Reported at Little Rock, Arkansas, in a January 1864 return, with six 12-pdr mountain howitzers. This location was valid for September of 1863. In June 1863 the battery was part of the Department of Southeast Missouri and reported at Arcadia. There are also reports indicating service at Pilot Knob. Captain Gustave Stange remained in command.
The 2nd Missouri, as depicted in the points above, would cease to exist in September of 1863. With so many enlistments complete, the batteries were disbanded or consolidated. Most of the officers resigned their commissions. But then started the cycle of raising a replacement. For all practical purposes an entirely new 2nd Missouri was recruited, with new officers.
But that is for the next quarter’s summaries. For now we have a handful of smoothbore cannons that need ammunition:
Just three lines to consider:
- Battery B: 42 shot, 84 case, and 56 canister for 6-pdr field guns; 30 shell and 50 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers.
- Battery C: 98 shot, 216 case, and 92 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
- Battery M: 84 shell, 444 case, and 72 canister for 12-pdr mountain howitzers.
With that, we have accounted for the cannon ammunition reported by the regiment for the quarter. I have posted the blank pages for the rifled projectiles should one wish to review: Hotchkiss, James, Parrott, and Schenkl.
Moving directly on to the small arms section:
Only one line of entries:
- Battery M: Eighty-two Army revolvers, sixty-seven cavalry sabers, and thirty horse artillery sabers.
That concludes the 2nd Missouri. But we still have eight more lines of the “miscellaneous” independent batteries and detachments from Missouri. Another administrative knot to untangle!