Parallels and boyaux: Trenches on Morris Island

In paragraph 100 of his official report covering the operations on Morris Island, Brigadier-General Quincy Gillmore noted: On July 18, [1863] immediately after our second repulse at Fort Wagner, orders were given to convert the position occupied by our right batteries on the 18th of July, and named Battery Reynolds, into a strong defensive line,Continue reading “Parallels and boyaux: Trenches on Morris Island”

Billinghurst-Requa Battery Gun: Machine Gun for Morris Island

The Billinghurst-Requa Battery Gun is an oddity in a siege operation that included examples of cutting edge technology, circa 1863 that is. And if you look closely at the map showing the approach siege lines to Battery Wagner, the annotation “Requa” appears at intervals: (Yea.. that’s hard to read. Try this for the “embiggened” map.)Continue reading “Billinghurst-Requa Battery Gun: Machine Gun for Morris Island”

“Combined fire of land batteries and gunboats”: Gillmore to silence Battery Wagner

There’s a fine line, I think, when interpreting the July 1863 activity on Morris Island.  The simple story is that Brigadier-General Quincy Gillmore’s offensive stalled when direct assault on Battery Wagner failed with heavy casualties, then he turned to long and involved siege operations.  Sure, that summarizes the campaign in twenty-five words for a generalContinue reading ““Combined fire of land batteries and gunboats”: Gillmore to silence Battery Wagner”