Summary Statement, 3rd Quarter, 1863 – 3rd New York Artillery Regiment

In previous installments, covering the earlier summaries, I’ve discussed the evolution of the 3rd New York Artillery.  The regiment began as the 19th New York Infantry but was reorganized as artillery and sent to North Carolina as part of Burnside’s early war campaign.  Based on the needs in that theater, the regiment’s batteries worked as garrison artillery and occasionally supported field operations.  In the winter of 1863, a several batteries of the regiment transferred to the Department of the South in preparation for operations against Charleston. Then between May and June 1863 a sizable portion of the regiment mustered out, with several batteries reorganized for recruiting.  So that leaves us with a regiment in part reorganizing; and in part performing duties in the field.

Colonel Charles H. Stewart commanded the regiment at this time.   He would directly command the portion of the regiment that remained at New Berne, North Carolina, all in the District of North Carolina, and part of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, or simply the Eighteenth Corps. Four batteries had that address on their returns (and a fifth was technically there at the end of the reporting period):

0273_1_Snip_NY3

Looking the individual batteries:

  • Battery A: No return.  As mentioned last quarter, this battery returned to New York and mustered out in June. Men with time still on their enlistments transferred to Batteries E, I, and K.  A new Battery A reformed in September 1864.
  • Battery B: Reported on Morris Island, South Carolina, with six 12-pdr Napoleons.  Captain James E. Ashcroft, who’d transferred from Battery C in May, commanded this battery assigned to the Tenth Corps. The battery manned a position on the Second Parallel of the siege lines extending toward Battery Wagner that summer.
  • Battery C: No return.  The original Battery C mustered out on May 22, 1863, with its remaining three-year men transferred to Batteries I and K.  On September 30, 1863, just getting into our reporting period, a new Battery C mustered under the command of William E. Mercer.
  • Battery D: No return.  Another battery that mustered out in June 1863.  Those with enlistments remaining went to Batteries E, I, and K.  A new Battery D mustered in February 1864.
  • Battery E:  At New Berne, North Carolina with four 20-pdr Parrott rifles.  Captain Theodore H. Schenck remained in command.  The battery was part of the force under Stewart, in the District of North Carolina, technically in the Eighteenth Corps.
  • Battery F:  On Morris Island with six 12-pdr (3.67-inch) Wiard rifles. Another battery holding down real estate on the Second Parallel of Morris Island.   Lieutenant Paul Birchmeyer commanded this battery in the position. Captain David A. Taylor mustered out in mid-July (having been on detached service, and later joining the 16th Cavalry).  Samuel C. Day, transferred from Battery B, was appointed captain of the battery in late July,  though Birchmeyer appears on the reports from Morris Island.
  • Battery G: No return. Another battery mustered out in early June. Remaining men transferred to Battery K.  The new Battery G mustered in March 1864.
  • Battery H: Reporting at Newport News, Virginia with six 12-pdr Napoleons.  That location is valid for the December 1863 reporting date.  In September the battery was stationed at New Berne.  In October the battery moved to Newport News.  Captain William J. Riggs in command.  Assigned to Eighteenth Corps.
  • Battery I:  At New Berne and with six 12-pdr Napoleons.  Captain John H. Ammon held command.
  • Battery K: Also at New Berne but with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.  Captain James R. Angel remained in command.
  • Battery L:  As explained in earlier posts, this battery was not assigned to the 3rd New York.  Instead it served as the 24th Independent Battery.  Not until March 1865 was it officially assigned to the regiment.
  • Battery M: At New Berne with six 10-pdr Parrott Rifles.  Captain John H. Howell commanded.
  • Lieutenant with “Stores in Charge” at New Berne.  On this line the regiment reported implements, tools, and stores, but no cannon or ammunition.

Turning to the ammunition, returns indicated retention of heavy howitzer rounds. And thus we must look at the extended columns:

0275_1_Snip_NY3

Four lines to consider here:

  • Battery B: 848 shot, 304 shell, 1,928 case, and 568 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons (all there on Morris Island and being put to good use!)
  • Battery E: 20 shell and six canister for 24-pdr field howitzers; 2 shell and six canister for 32-pdr field howitzers. Battery E had turned over those howitzers during the previous winter, but still had rounds on hand to account for.
  • Battery H: 384 shot, 75 shell, 439 case, and 160 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • Battery I: 282 shot, 138 shell, 290 case, and 136 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.

Turning to the Hotchkiss page:

0275_2_Snip_NY3

More than just 3-inch rounds here:

  • Battery E: 84 fuse shell for 3.67-inch rifle (20-pdr Parrott).
  • Battery F: 100 shot, 361 percussion shell, 397 fuse shell and 274(?) bullet shell for 3.67-inch rifles (12-pdr Wiard).
  • Battery K: 768 shot, 188 canister, 36 percussion shell, and 150 fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.

Let me break up the next page for clarity, and start with the “orphan” set of Hotchkiss columns:

0276_1H_Snip_NY3

  • Battery F: 437 canister for 3.67-inch rifles (12-pdr Wiard).

Moving over to the Parrott columns:

0276_1P_Snip_NY3

Two batteries with Parrotts:

  • Battery E: 390 shot, 110 shell, and 30 canister for 20-pdr Parrotts.
  • Battery M: 1,155 shell, 33 case, and 134 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.

No Schenkl rounds reported, so we can move to the small arms:

0276_3_Snip_NY3

By battery:

  • Battery B: One Army revolver, nineteen Navy revolvers, and fourteen horse artillery sabers.
  • Battery E: Twenty-nine Navy revolvers, two cavalry sabers, and forty-one horse artillery sabers.
  • Battery F: Twenty-five Army revolvers and twenty-five horse artillery sabers.
  • Battery H: Four Army revolvers, seventeen Navy revolvers, and fifty horse artillery sabers.
  • Battery I: Ten Army revolvers, six Navy revolvers, and forty horse artillery sabers.
  • Battery K: Four Army revolvers, nineteen Navy revolvers, two cavalry sabers, and fifty-two horse artillery sabers.
  • Battery M: Twenty-four Army revolvers and thirty horse artillery sabers.

We might say the 3rd New York was a “half in” regiment as the summer of 1863 came to a close with so many batteries mustered out.  Though it would recruit back up to strength before the war’s end.  What batteries were in service did good work on Morris Island and holding down positions in North Carolina.

 

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Summary Statement, 2nd Quarter, 1863 – New York Independent Batteries, Part 2

For the first dozen of the New York independent batteries, discussed last week, we found all active batteries within the eastern theater.  Many were involved with the Gettysburg Campaign, directly or indirectly.  But looking to the second batch – 13th to the 24th Batteries – we find the service of that batch was much more varied:

0209_1_Snip_NY_IND_Pt2

Of the twelve, only eight had returns for the quarter.  Only one of those was posted to Washington before the end of July.  Three arrived in August.  Another in September.  And the last two were not filed until 1864.  An administrative “stretch” of the data.

 

  • 13th Independent Battery: Reported, on August 7, 1863, at Warrenton Junction, Virginia with four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles (down from six the previous quarter).  With reorganization after Chancellorsville, moved up to the Artillery Brigade, Eleventh Corps.  Captain  Julius Dieckmann resigned on May 15.  He was replaced by Lieutenant William Wheeler.  As of June 30, the battery was at Emmitsburg, Maryland.  The battery lost one gun on the field at Gettysburg, when the axle split. Despite efforts to drag the tube off the field, lashed to a limber by a prolong, the gun was left on the field.  However, that gun was recovered on July 5 and brought back to service.  The battery expended 850 rounds during the battle, but were “anxious for another opportunity to try their 3-inch guns.”
  • 14th Independent Battery: No return.  Earlier in the spring of 1862, personnel of this battery were distributed to other batteries.  As of June 1863, the first section  was assigned to Battery B, 1st New York; second and third sections to Battery G, 1st New York.  At Gettysburg, Captain James McKay Rorty, of the battery, commanded Battery B, 1st New York Light Artillery. But he was mortally wounded on July 3.  The battery was formally disbanded in September 1863.
  • 15th Battery:  As of the August 15 report, was at Rappahannock Station, Virginia with four 12-pdr Napoleons.  The battery was assigned to First Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, under Captain Patrick Hart.  In May, the battery had turned in their 3-inch rifles for the Napoleons.  At the end of June, the battery was, with the rest of McGilvery’s Brigade, in Maryland, with an appointment two days later at the Peach Orchard of Gettysburg.
  • 16th Battery: No return. Captain Frederick L. Hiller’s battery transferred to the Seventh Corps in April, and stationed at Newport News, Virginia. In the previous quarter, the battery reported six 10-pdr Parrott Rifles.
  • 17th Battery: At Camp Barry, District of Columbia with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain George T. Anthony’s battery was assigned to the Artillery Camp of Instruction.
  • 18th Battery: At Port Hudson, Louisiana with six 20-pdr Parrotts.  The report was not received in Washington until August 1864.  The battery transferred from Second Division to First Division, Nineteenth Corps in May.  Captain Albert G. Mack retained command. The battery participated in the siege of Port Hudson.
  • 19th Battery: No return. The battery, under Captain William H. Stahl, transferred to First Division, Seventh Corps in April.  The battery saw action in the siege of Suffolk.  In the previous quarter, the battery reported six 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 20th Battery: At Fort Schuyler, New York with “infantry stores” only.  Captain  B. Franklin Ryer’s battery served as garrison artillery.  The battery would be involved with the suppression of the New York riots in July.
  • 21st Battery: At Port Hudson, Louisiana with four 3-inch steel guns (make and model unspecified). The report is from February 1864, but accurate.  This battery, under Captain James Barnes, was assigned to Second Division, Nineteenth Corps.
  • 22nd Battery: No return. Earlier in February the battery became Company M, 9th New York Heavy Artillery.  The designation remained on the clerk’s report as a placeholder.
  • 23rd Battery: Washington, North Carolina with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Originally, Battery A of the New York Rocket Battalion. Captain Alfred Ransom was in charge of this battery, assigned to the Eighteenth Corps, Department of North Carolina.
  • 24th Battery: At Plymouth, North Carolina with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Likewise, Battery B of the Rocket Battalion with this new designation taking effect in February.  This battery was also assigned to the Eighteenth Corps.  Captain Jay E. Lee resigned in mid-June.  Lieutenant A. Lester Cady was promoted and assigned command.

 

As I said, varied service – from New York harbor to Port Hudson on the Mississippi.

Turning to the ammunition, we have the smoothbore rounds accounted for:

0211_1_Snip_NY_IND_Pt2

Three batteries reporting:

  • 15th Battery: 128 shot, 64 shell, 192 case, and 128 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 17th Battery: 288 shot, 69 shell, 388 (?) case, and 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 24th Battery: 393 shot, 230 shell, 464 case, and 368 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.

A straightforward, expected tally.

For the rifled projectiles, the Hotchiss columns are also straightforward:

0211_2_Snip_NY_IND_Pt2

Three batteries with 3-inch rifles and one with 20-pdr Parrotts:

  • 13th Battery: 70 canister, 150 fuse shell, and 430 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 18th Battery: 95 fuse shell for 3.67-inch rifles (20-pdr Parrott).
  • 21st Battery: 310 canister and 473 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 23rd Battery: 191 canister, 68 percussion shell, 281 fuse shell, and 552 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.

For the following page, we’ll break this down into two sections.  First a lone entry for Dyer’s patent:

0212_1A_Snip_NY_IND_Pt2

  • 23rd Battery: 30 (?) Dyer’s shell for 3-inch rifles.

Moving over to the Parrott and Schenkl projectiles:

0212_1B_Snip_NY_IND_Pt2

Just one battery with those big 20-pdr Parrotts:

  • 18th Battery: 786 shell, 168 case, and 137 canister, Parrott patent; 439 Schenkl shot, also for 20-pdrs.

More Schenkl on the next page:

0212_2_Snip_NY_IND_Pt2

  • 13th Battery: 80 shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 18th Battery: 40 shell for 20-pdr Parrotts.
  • 21st Battery: 47 shell for 3-inch rifles.

Lastly, we have the small arms to account for:

0212_3_Snip_NY_IND_Pt2

By battery:

  • 13th Battery: Seven Army revolvers, seven Navy revolvers, and fifteen horse artillery sabers.
  • 15th Battery: Seventeen Navy revolvers and twelve cavalry sabers.
  • 17th Battery: Twenty Army revolvers and twenty-two horse artillery sabers.
  • 18th Battery: Four Springfield muskets (.58 caliber), three army revolves, and seven horse artillery sabers.
  • 21st Battery: Eighteen Army revolvers and sixteen horse artillery sabers.
  • 23rd Battery: Sixty Army revolvers and seventy-five cavalry sabers.
  • 24th Battery: Fifty-three Army revolvers.

We will find this pattern of varied service repeated in the last portion of independent batteries. We will look at batteries 25 to 32 in the next installment.  Along with three “detachment” lines.