Summary Statement, 1st Quarter, 1863 – Ohio’s Independent Batteries, Part 2

Picking up where we left off with the Ohio batteries… and turning the page in the ledger book, we find 15th through 25th Battery at the top of the next sheet:

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Of those listed, the clerks recorded only seven returns.  The other four are left for us to fill in the blanks. And we should see the 26th Battery on this list, but don’t.

  • 15th Battery: Reporting at Memphis, Tennessee with four 6-pdr field guns. This battery was in the Fourth Division of the “original” Thirteenth Corps.  The division first went to the Seventeenth Corps, under reorganization in December 1862.  But in late January 1863 was transferred to Sixteenth Corps.  Captain Edward Spear, Jr. commanded at the start of the quarter.  Lieutenant James Burdick filled the position temporarily in April.
  • 16th Battery: No location given, but with two 6-pdr field guns and four 3.80-inch James Rifles. Lieutenant Russell Twist commanded this battery, which was at the time posted to Helena, Arkansas.  Moving with it’s parent formation, the Twelfth Division (of Grant’s command), the battery shifted from District of Eastern Arkansas to the (new) Thirteenth Corps.
  • 17th Battery: No report. Captain Ambrose A. Blount remained in command.  The battery was assigned to Tenth Division, Thirteenth Corps.  As such, the battery saw considerable activity supporting the bayou expeditions during the winter months, operating out of Milliken’s Bend.
  • 18th Battery: Listed as at Chattanooga, Tennessee with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. The location may be valid for March 1864, as received in Washington.  However, for the first quarter of 1863, Captain Charles Aleshire’s battery operated out of Franklin, Tennessee, as part of the Reserve Corps, Army of the Cumberland.
  • 19th Battery: At Lexington, Kentucky with six 12-pdr Napoleons. The 19th, under Captain Joseph C. Shield, was part of the Army of Kentucky, then garrisoning the rear areas of the Department of the Cumberland.
  • 20th Battery: Murfreesboro, Tennessee with two 12-pdr Napoleons and four 3-inch Ordnance rifles. Under Captain Edward Grosskopff and assigned to Second Division, Twentieth Corps.
  • 21st Battery: Reporting at Camp Dennison, Ohio with six 12-pdr Napoleons.  Captain James W. Patterson, commanding.
  • 22nd Battery: No report.  This battery was not fully organized until later in the spring.
  • 23rd Battery: No report. Mustered in 1861, this battery was attached to 2nd Kentucky Infantry.  It became the 1st Kentucky Independent Light Battery (Or Battery A, Kentucky Light, as one may prefer).
  • 24th Battery:  No report. Not organized August 1863.  However, the battery does appear as assigned to the Department of Ohio with Lieutenant James W. Gamble assigned command of recruits gathered at Camp Dennison.
  • 25th Battery: At Camp Forsyth, Missouri with four 6-pdr field guns and two 3-inch Ordnance rifles. Formed as the 3rd Battery Kansas Artillery, this battery was re-designated as the 25th Ohio Independent Light Battery in February 1863.  Captain  Julius L. Hadley was in command.  Battery assigned to the Department of the Missouri.
  • 26th Battery: Not listed.  This battery was actually Company F, 32nd Ohio Infantry, detached for artillery service.  It was among those units surrendered at Harpers Ferry on September 15, 1862 (thus no report).  Upon receiving their exchange, the battery resumed duty as infantry in Company F.  This began a curious story where by Captain Theobold D. Yost’s men were sometimes a battery and other times infantry.  Only in December 1863 was the 26th permanently established.

So we see the service of these twelve batteries was mostly west of the Appalachians.

Moving to the ammunition totals, we start with the smoothbore projectiles on hand:

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The totals match well with the weapons reported, with one exception:

  • 15th Battery: 412 shot, 252 case, and 167 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
  • 16th Battery: 184 shot, 167 case, and 98 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
  • 19th Battery: 76 shot, 236 shell, 176 case, and 203 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 20th Battery: 50 shot, 80 shell, 132 case, and 50 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 21st Battery: 504 shot, 504 case, and 168 (or 468) canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.  But also reporting 168 shell for 12-pdr field howitzers.
  • 25th Battery: 400 shot, 240 case, and 160 canister for 6-pdr field guns.

The presence of 12-pdr howitzer shells in the 21st Battery may simply be a transcription error.  And may simply be inconsequential given the battery’s status at Camp Dennison.

Moving to the rifled projectiles, we find all batteries with rifles reporting some Hotchkiss-type on hand:

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From the top:

  • 15th Battery: 313 shot and 356 fuse shell for 3.80-inch James.
  • 18th Battery: 158 canister, 142 percussion shell, 765 fuse shell, and 574 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 20th Battery: 184 canister, 306 percussion shell, 110 fuse shell, and 160 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 25th Battery: 80 canister, 67 percussion shell, 92 fuse shell, and 160 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.

And that is about it for the rifled projectiles.  No Dyer’s, James, Parrott, or Schenkl types reported on hand.  Only at the far end of the projectile columns do we see any more entries:

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  • 15th Battery: 136 Tatham’s canister for 3.80-inch James rifles.

That leaves us with the small arms reported:

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And at least one interesting tally:

  • 15th Battery: Eight cavalry sabers (only!).
  • 16th Battery: Thirty Navy revolvers and thirty-five cavalry sabers.
  • 18th Battery: Thirty Army revolvers, three cavalry sabers, and thirty horse artillery sabers.
  • 19th Battery: Thirty Navy revolvers and twelve cavalry sabers.
  • 20th Battery: Twenty-seven Army revolvers and twenty-nine horse artillery sabers.
  • 21st Battery: Thirty Navy revolvers and thirty horse artillery sabers.
  • 25th Battery: Eleven “Belgian Rifles, Cal .69” and one Army revolver.

That last line is noteworthy, but not of great significance. Hadley’s battery, stationed in Missouri, certainly would find use for rifled muskets.  The identification given, Belgian, almost certainly points to the imported Liege weapons. Mostly these were copies of French Chasseur de Vincennes .69 type.  And Ohio, among other states, imported quantities.  However, there was an “artillery carbine” in the family of weapons, and produced in .69 caliber. But I’m not aware of those being rifled.

One closing shot with the Ohio batteries, though not of the “field” variety… Among other reports from the first quarter 1863 is a listing of the 2nd Ohio Heavy Artillery being organized at Camp Dennison.  Lieutenant William H. Smith was in command of the detachment there.  He reported 184 Enfield rifles on hand, but no cannon.  I can only speculate that the 1st Ohio Heavy Artillery (being converted around this period from the 117th Ohio Infantry) was similarly equipped.

Summary Statement: December 31, 1862 – Ohio Independent Batteries, Part 2

Let us continue with the Ohio independent batteries and review the second half of their fourth quarter, 1862 summaries:

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Again, we see some batteries skipped in the order.  In this case the 13th and 14th. Of the   six reporting, two have returns not posted until 1864.   In addition, just to say we’ve had a complete look, there were some batteries, beyond the 20th, which deserve mention.

  • 11th Battery: No report.  Was part of the Seventh Division, Left Wing, Thirteenth Corps and camped around Germantown, Tennessee, outside Memphis.  Captain Frank C. Sands commanding.  UPDATE:  Phil Spaugy has a great post up about the 11th Battery in action at Iuka.  He passed along a source indicating the battery had two 3.67-inch rifles, two 6-pdr field guns, and two 12-pdr field howitzers at Iuka in September 1862.
  • 12th Battery: At Falmouth, Virginia with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Captain Aaron C. Johnson commanded this battery assigned to the Eleventh corps.
  • 13th Battery: Not listed.  Losing all its guns at Shiloh, this battery ceased to exist after April 1862.
  • 14th Battery: Not listed.  The battery part of the District of Jackson (though at Lynnville, Tennessee), Thirteenth Corps at this time, under Lieutenant Homer H. Stull.
  • 15th Battery: Tallahachie, Mississippi with four 6-pdr field guns.  The 15th was involved with Grant’s Northern Mississippi , as part of the Fourth Division, Right Wing, Thirteenth Corps.  Captain Edward Spear, Jr. commanded.
  • 16th Battery: No location given, but with two 6-pdr field guns and four 3.80-inch James Rifles. Lieutenant Russell Twist commanded this battery at Helena, assigned to District of Eastern Arkansas, in the Department of Missouri.  But the battery was soon to be pulled into the Vicksburg Campaign.
  • 17th Battery: No report.  Captain Ambrose A. Blount commanded this battery.  Blount’s battery was among the unattached artillery supporting Sherman’s failed attempt at Chickasaw Bayou that December.
  • 18th Battery: Nashville, Tennessee with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. The location may be valid for March 1863, as received in Washington.  However, at the close of 1862, Captain Charles Aleshire’s battery had just arrived in Lousiville, Kentucky, as part of Second Division, Army of Kentucky.
  • 19th Battery: Knoxville, Tennessee with six 12-pdr Napoleons. The 19th, under Captain Joseph C. Shield, was also in Second Division, Army of Kentucky, but moving towards Frankfort at the close of 1862.  The Knoxville location was valid for February 1864, when the return was posted to Washington.
  • 20th Battery: Nashville, Tennessee with two 12-pdr Napoleons and four 3-inch Ordnance rifles.  The 20th, under Captain Edward Grosskopff (formerly of the 10th Ohio Independent Battery), arrived a few days late to participate in the Battle of Stones River.  They were, at that time, not assigned to a field formation.
  • 21st Battery, 22nd Battery, and 24th Battery:  Not organized until later in 1863.
  • 23rd Battery: Not listed. Mustered in 1861, this battery was attached to 2nd Kentucky Infantry.  It became the 1st Kentucky Independent Light Battery.
  • 25th Battery: Not listed.  Formed as the 3rd Battery Kansas Artillery, this battery was re-designated as the 25th Ohio Independent Light Battery in February 1863.
  • 26th Battery: Not listed.  This battery was actually Company F, 32nd Ohio Infantry, detached for artillery service.  It was among those units surrendered at Harpers Ferry on September 15, 1862 (thus no report).  Upon receiving their exchange, the battery resumed duty as infantry in Company F.  This began a curious story where by Captain Theobold D. Yost’s men were sometimes a battery and other times infantry.  Only in December 1863 was the 26th permanently established.

So I figure we should have entries for nine batteries, but only six have reports tallied.  We work with what is there.

And we will work first wit the smoothbore ammunition:

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Four batteries reporting quantities:

  • 15th Battery: For 6-pdr field guns – 412 shot, 256 case, and 164 canister.
  • 16th Battery: For 6-pdr field guns – 210 shot, 167 case, and 98 canister.
  • 19th Battery: For 12-pdr Napoleons – 96 shot, 358 shell, 306 case, and 222 canister.
  • 20th Battery: For 12-pdr Napoleons – 150 shot, 50 shell, 150 case, and 50 canister.

For rifled ammunition, starting with Hotchkiss-type:

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Again, four batteries to consider:

  • 12th Battery:  350(or 250?) fuse shell and 730 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 16th Battery:  340 shot and 340 fuse shell for 3.80-inch James Rifles.
  • 18th Battery:  144 canister, 225 percussion shell, 530 fuse shell, and 480 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 20th Battery: 100 canister, 160 percussion shell, 160 fuse shell, and 375 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.

Just one entry to consider for the next page:

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12th Battery reported 125 3-inch Dyer’s canister.

Then a couple of entries on the next page:

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12th Battery also had 125 3-inch Schenkl shells.  16th Battery had 136(?) of Tatham’s canister for their 3.80-inch rifles.

Lastly, the small arms reported:

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By battery:

  • 15th Battery: Eight cavalry sabers.
  • 16th Battery: Thirty Navy revolvers and eighty-eight cavalry sabers.
  • 18th Battery:  Thirty Army revolvers, twelve cavalry sabers, and thirty horse artillery sabers.
  • 19th Battery: Thirty Navy revolvers and twelve cavalry sabers.
  • 20th Battery: Thirty Army revolvers and thirty horse artillery sabers.

So of those reporting, only the 12th Battery indicated no small arms on hand. Somehow I think that an omission of some sort.