For the first dozen of the New York independent batteries, discussed last week, we found all active batteries within the eastern theater. Many were involved with the Gettysburg Campaign, directly or indirectly. But looking to the second batch – 13th to the 24th Batteries – we find the service of that batch was much more varied:
Of the twelve, only eight had returns for the quarter. Only one of those was posted to Washington before the end of July. Three arrived in August. Another in September. And the last two were not filed until 1864. An administrative “stretch” of the data.
- 13th Independent Battery: Reported, on August 7, 1863, at Warrenton Junction, Virginia with four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles (down from six the previous quarter). With reorganization after Chancellorsville, moved up to the Artillery Brigade, Eleventh Corps. Captain Julius Dieckmann resigned on May 15. He was replaced by Lieutenant William Wheeler. As of June 30, the battery was at Emmitsburg, Maryland. The battery lost one gun on the field at Gettysburg, when the axle split. Despite efforts to drag the tube off the field, lashed to a limber by a prolong, the gun was left on the field. However, that gun was recovered on July 5 and brought back to service. The battery expended 850 rounds during the battle, but were “anxious for another opportunity to try their 3-inch guns.”
- 14th Independent Battery: No return. Earlier in the spring of 1862, personnel of this battery were distributed to other batteries. As of June 1863, the first section was assigned to Battery B, 1st New York; second and third sections to Battery G, 1st New York. At Gettysburg, Captain James McKay Rorty, of the battery, commanded Battery B, 1st New York Light Artillery. But he was mortally wounded on July 3. The battery was formally disbanded in September 1863.
- 15th Battery: As of the August 15 report, was at Rappahannock Station, Virginia with four 12-pdr Napoleons. The battery was assigned to First Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, under Captain Patrick Hart. In May, the battery had turned in their 3-inch rifles for the Napoleons. At the end of June, the battery was, with the rest of McGilvery’s Brigade, in Maryland, with an appointment two days later at the Peach Orchard of Gettysburg.
- 16th Battery: No return. Captain Frederick L. Hiller’s battery transferred to the Seventh Corps in April, and stationed at Newport News, Virginia. In the previous quarter, the battery reported six 10-pdr Parrott Rifles.
- 17th Battery: At Camp Barry, District of Columbia with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain George T. Anthony’s battery was assigned to the Artillery Camp of Instruction.
- 18th Battery: At Port Hudson, Louisiana with six 20-pdr Parrotts. The report was not received in Washington until August 1864. The battery transferred from Second Division to First Division, Nineteenth Corps in May. Captain Albert G. Mack retained command. The battery participated in the siege of Port Hudson.
- 19th Battery: No return. The battery, under Captain William H. Stahl, transferred to First Division, Seventh Corps in April. The battery saw action in the siege of Suffolk. In the previous quarter, the battery reported six 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 20th Battery: At Fort Schuyler, New York with “infantry stores” only. Captain B. Franklin Ryer’s battery served as garrison artillery. The battery would be involved with the suppression of the New York riots in July.
- 21st Battery: At Port Hudson, Louisiana with four 3-inch steel guns (make and model unspecified). The report is from February 1864, but accurate. This battery, under Captain James Barnes, was assigned to Second Division, Nineteenth Corps.
- 22nd Battery: No return. Earlier in February the battery became Company M, 9th New York Heavy Artillery. The designation remained on the clerk’s report as a placeholder.
- 23rd Battery: Washington, North Carolina with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Originally, Battery A of the New York Rocket Battalion. Captain Alfred Ransom was in charge of this battery, assigned to the Eighteenth Corps, Department of North Carolina.
- 24th Battery: At Plymouth, North Carolina with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Likewise, Battery B of the Rocket Battalion with this new designation taking effect in February. This battery was also assigned to the Eighteenth Corps. Captain Jay E. Lee resigned in mid-June. Lieutenant A. Lester Cady was promoted and assigned command.
As I said, varied service – from New York harbor to Port Hudson on the Mississippi.
Turning to the ammunition, we have the smoothbore rounds accounted for:
Three batteries reporting:
- 15th Battery: 128 shot, 64 shell, 192 case, and 128 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 17th Battery: 288 shot, 69 shell, 388 (?) case, and 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 24th Battery: 393 shot, 230 shell, 464 case, and 368 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
A straightforward, expected tally.
For the rifled projectiles, the Hotchiss columns are also straightforward:
Three batteries with 3-inch rifles and one with 20-pdr Parrotts:
- 13th Battery: 70 canister, 150 fuse shell, and 430 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
- 18th Battery: 95 fuse shell for 3.67-inch rifles (20-pdr Parrott).
- 21st Battery: 310 canister and 473 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
- 23rd Battery: 191 canister, 68 percussion shell, 281 fuse shell, and 552 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
For the following page, we’ll break this down into two sections. First a lone entry for Dyer’s patent:
- 23rd Battery: 30 (?) Dyer’s shell for 3-inch rifles.
Moving over to the Parrott and Schenkl projectiles:
Just one battery with those big 20-pdr Parrotts:
- 18th Battery: 786 shell, 168 case, and 137 canister, Parrott patent; 439 Schenkl shot, also for 20-pdrs.
More Schenkl on the next page:
- 13th Battery: 80 shell for 3-inch rifles.
- 18th Battery: 40 shell for 20-pdr Parrotts.
- 21st Battery: 47 shell for 3-inch rifles.
Lastly, we have the small arms to account for:
- 13th Battery: Seven Army revolvers, seven Navy revolvers, and fifteen horse artillery sabers.
- 15th Battery: Seventeen Navy revolvers and twelve cavalry sabers.
- 17th Battery: Twenty Army revolvers and twenty-two horse artillery sabers.
- 18th Battery: Four Springfield muskets (.58 caliber), three army revolves, and seven horse artillery sabers.
- 21st Battery: Eighteen Army revolvers and sixteen horse artillery sabers.
- 23rd Battery: Sixty Army revolvers and seventy-five cavalry sabers.
- 24th Battery: Fifty-three Army revolvers.
We will find this pattern of varied service repeated in the last portion of independent batteries. We will look at batteries 25 to 32 in the next installment. Along with three “detachment” lines.