We start this, the third and final installment for the New York Independent Batteries and the summaries of their third quarter returns, looking at less than a dozen lines:
But, there were, technically speaking, independent batteries numbered 25 to 36 around in the third quarter. But the clerks at the ordnance department cut that tally short for reasons we will explore. So let us consider these batteries in detail:
- 25th Battery: No return. Recall, while in transit to New Orleans in January, this battery’s transport wrecked. This “hard luck” battery remained at New Orleans, assigned to the Fourth Division, Nineteenth Corps through October as part of the city defenses. Captain John A. Grow remained in command. In the previous quarter, the battery reported four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.
- 26th Battery: Reprting at Thibodaux, Louisiana, with four 12-pdr Napoleons. Also suffering loss in the January shipwreck, the 26th was, at the reporting time, part of the District of LaFourche. Captain George W. Fox remained in command of the battery, organizationally assigned to the Fourth Division, Nineteenth Corps.
- 27th Battery: At Camp Niagara (?), Pennsylvania with four 12-pdr Napoleons. In July the battery moved from Camp Barry, D.C. to the Department of the Susquehanna, and assigned to the garrison at Philadelphia. Captain John B. Eaton commanded this battery.
- 28th Battery: At Fort Schuyler, New York with “infantry stores.” The battery served at Fort Schuyler and Sandy Hook. Captain Josiah C. Hannum retained command.
- 29th Battery: No return. At the end of June, the battery was run down with troops with remaining enlistments assigned to the 32nd Battery. However, at least through the first week of July the battery remained on the organizational returns, assigned to the Harpers Ferry garrison. Captain Otto Diedrich remained commander, on paper at least.
- 30th Battery: On Maryland Heights, Maryland, with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain Adolph Voegelee was dismissed in August, having not been in the field for some time. Lieutenant Alfred Von Kleiser, who’d lead the battery through much of the last year, was promoted to battery captain in his place. At this time of the war, the battery was part of the Department of West Virginia.
- 31st Battery: No return. Captain Gustav Von Blucher was in command. The battery appears in the Department of West Virginia. But as it was reduced, with many of the men attached to the 30th Battery, the battery was in effect only a paper designation. Von Blucher himself was serving as a staff officer with the Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac.
- 32nd Battery: At Maryland Heights, Maryland with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Captain Charles Kusserow remained in command. And the battery remained with Maryland Heights Division, staying there as the command was folded into the Department of West Virginia.
- 33rd Battery: No return. Authorized on July 9, 1863, mustered on September 4. It was initially assigned to the Artillery Camp of Instruction, Camp Barry, in the Department of Washington (Twenty-second Corps). Captain Algar M. Wheeler commanded. However, with Wheeler still in New York, Lieutenant J. DeWitt Woods held operational command of the battery at its first posting.
- 34th Battery: Not listed. This number was reserved for Battery L, 2nd New York Artillery. Captain Jacob Roemer’s battery, then serving in East Tennessee, would officially take it’s “Independent” number in November.
- 35th Battery: Not listed. Authorized on July 9. Captain James B. Caryle was given the commission to recruit the battery. But it never completed organization. The authority was recalled. The recruited men were assigned to Battery A, 16th New York Heavy Artillery.
- 36th Battery: Not listed. On August 11, 1863, Captain Charles Graham Bacon was authorized to recruit this battery. On October 14, authority was revoked and the men recruited by that time were transferred to the 13th New York Heavy Artillery.
See? An even dozen in existence, even if only on paper. Those in actual service being mainly in “garrisons” – New York, Philadelphia, Washington, Harpers Ferry, and New Orleans. But still having equipment to account for.
And ammunition on hand. We start with the smoothbores:
Three batteries reporting:
- 26th Battery: 148 shot, 12 shell, 48 case, and 12 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 27th Battery: 192 shot, 64 shell, 192 case, and 64 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 30th Battery: 308 shot, 128 shell, 320 case, and 112 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
But just one line for the Hotchkiss rifled projectiles:
- 32nd Battery: 120 canister and 104 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
No entries on the next page, so we skip to the Schenkl projectiles:
- 32nd Battery: 583 shell and 393 case for 3-inch rifles.
That leads us to the small arms on hand:
By battery reporting:
- 26th Battery: Twenty-five (?) army revolvers, twelve cavalry sabers, and twelve horse artillery sabers.
- 27th Battery: Seventeen army revolvers, thirty cavalry sabers, and ten horse artillery sabers.
- 30th Battery: Six army revolvers and fifteen cavalry sabers.
- 32nd Battery: Nine army revolvers, thirty-six cavalry sabers, and eleven foot artillery swords.
This wraps up the entire page from the third quarter 1863 summaries allocated to New York units. In addition to these light batteries, New York provided several heavy artillery organizations. As those fall outside these summaries, I’ll look at those at the end of the quarter’s entries as part of a broader look at all the “heavies” then in service.