Fortification Friday: Direct and Oblique Embrasures

Last Friday we introduced the embrasure and identified the components of that structure.  In brief, the embrasure allowed the defender to place artillery so as to fire through the parapet instead of over it, thus granting the gunners some protection.  However, the nature of the embrasure limited the field of fire for the cannon.  ThusContinue reading “Fortification Friday: Direct and Oblique Embrasures”

Marching Through Loudoun: June 19, 1863

I like comparing situations across time to help with frame of reference. For instance at this time in 1863, the Army of the Potomac was oriented to the west. The last time the army had faced west to give battle was at Antietam. Days before that bloody battle, the Army of the Potomac marched outContinue reading “Marching Through Loudoun: June 19, 1863”

An Oddity for Leesburg: Tredegar Rifle Siege Howitzer

When the Civil War broke out, rifled artillery was all the rage.  Officials took old guns in hand for conversion, usually amounting to cutting rifling grooves and adding a reinforce band.  At the same time the foundries took existing patterns and bored new guns out as rifles.  Some of these turned out well.  Others notContinue reading “An Oddity for Leesburg: Tredegar Rifle Siege Howitzer”