Twenty-six independent batteries from Ohio, recall? But only twenty-four of those might properly be called “complete” as Ohio batteries. We looked at what the first dozen of those were doing in the third quarter, 1863. So we turn now to the remainder:
Looking at each battery in detail:
- 13th Battery: Not listed. Most histories indicate this battery was never fully organized and ceased to exist, officially, in April 1862. But that’s not exactly accurate. The battery did organize and saw action at Shiloh. There it lost five of six guns (for a good, brief discussion, see this article). As the battery fell into disfavor (and likely was the scapegoat for the poor performance of a division commander…) it was disbanded. The men and equipment remaining were distributed to other Ohio batteries (namely the 7th, 10th, and 14th Batteries).
- 14th Battery: Reporting at Corinth, Mississippi with two 12-pdr Napoleons and four 3-inch Ordnance rifles. The battery was part of Second Division, Sixteenth Corps. Captain Jerome B. Burrows remained in command. In November, the battery was part of the “Left Wing” of the corps, advanced to Lynnville, in south-central Tennessee to guard the sensitive supply lines in that area.
- 15th Battery: At Natchez, Mississippi with four 6-pdr field guns. Captain Edward Spear, Jr. remained in command. The battery was in Fourth Division, Sixteenth Corps at the end of the Vicksburg campaign. And it took part in the Jackson Campaign which followed. Transferred in late July, with the division, to the Seventeenth Corps, it formed part of the garrison of Natchez. The battery took part in an expedition to Harrisonburg, Louisiana in September.
- 16th Battery: Reporting at Carrollton, Louisiana with four 12-pdr Napoleons and two 3.80-inch James Rifles. Captain Russell P. Twist remained in command. The battery was with Third Division, Thirteenth Corps, recently transferred to the Department of the Gulf. In late September, the battery transferred to Berwick Bay (Morgan City), southwest of New Orleans, for garrison duty.
- 17th Battery: At Vermilion Bridge, Louisiana with six 10-pdr Parrotts. The battery was assigned to Tenth Division (re-designated Fourth), Thirteenth Corps. When transferred to the Department of the Gulf, the battery was assigned to the garrison at Brashear City (Morgan City), Louisiana. Later the battery moved to the location given in the return. The battery was among the forces used in the Teche Expedition in October. Captain Charles S. Rice remained in command.
- 18th Battery: No report. Captain Charles Aleshire’s battery was in First Division, Reserve Corps, Army of the Cumberland, and had six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. The battery saw action on September 18, supporting the division along the Ringold Road. And was in action again on September 20 on Snodgrass Hill on the left end of the Federal line. With the general withdrawal that evening, the battery returned to Chattanooga.
- 19th Battery: At Knoxville, Tennessee with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain Joseph C. Shields commanded this battery, assigned to the Twenty-third Corps. After contributing to the pursuit of Morgan in July, the battery was among the forces under General Burnside’s East Tennessee Campaign.
- 20th Battery: Reporting, in May 1864, at Nashville, Tennessee with two 12-pdr field howitzers and four 3-inch Ordnance rifles. However, the battery actually had two 12-pdr Napoleons, not field howitzers. The entry is a clerical data-entry error. The battery remained under Captain [John T.] Edward Grosskopff and assigned to assigned to Second Division, Twentieth Corps. And the battery was with that division at Chickamauga. Grosskopff reported firing 85 rounds of ammunition at Chickamagua. In terms of material, he lost only one caisson. The location for this battery, for the end of the quarter, is accurately Chattanooga.
- 21st Battery: At Greenville, Tennessee with four 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain James W. Patterson commanded. Recall this battery was organized in April 1863. After assisting with the pursuit of Morgan in July, the battery remained at Camp Dennison, Ohio, through much of the summer. Only in September did they move to Camp Nelson, Kentucky. They arrived in Greenville, as the return indicates, around the first of October. The battery was part of the “Left Wing Forces” of the Ninth Corps.
- 22nd Battery: No report. The battery began the quarter stationed at Camp Chase, Ohio, where they’d just received their full complement of six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Commanded by Captain Henry M. Neil, the battery would not move out of Ohio until mid-August. After spending time at Camp Nelson, the battery was dispatched with other forces to the Cumberland Gap, as part of the “Left Wing Forces” of the Ninth Corps. According to the department returns at that time, Neil was serving as Artillery Chief for the Second Division, Ninth Corps. And in his absence, Lieutenant Amos B. Alger led the battery.
- 23rd Battery: Not listed. This battery was formed from the 2nd Kentucky Infantry and later became the 1st Kentucky Independent Light Battery. Only mentioned here due to “placeholder” status.
- 24th Battery: At Cincinnati, Ohio with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Officially mustered on August 4, this battery was posted to Camp Dennison until September 22, when they moved to Cincinnati. Captain John L. Hill commanded.
- 25th Battery: Reporting from Little Rock, Arkansas, in May 1864, with two 3-inch Ordnance rifles and four 3.67-inch rifles. Captain Julius L. Hadley remained in command. Assigned to First Cavalry Division, Department of Southeast Missouri, the battery served on expeditions into northeast Arkansas in July. In August, the battery was among the forces sent toward Little Rock as part of Steele’s Expedition.
- 26th Battery: At Vicksburg, Mississippi, with no cannon reported. An interesting unit history, originally being a company in the 32nd Ohio Infantry, that I alluded to in the last quarter. Briefly, detailed to artillery service earlier in the war, but still under the 32nd Infantry, the battery was captured at Harpers Ferry in September 1862. Exchanged, the “battery” resumed infantry duties. That is until during the siege at Vicksburg when captured Confederate cannon were assigned to the regiment. “Yost’s Captured Battery”, named for Captain Theobold D. Yost, served in the siege lines, being highly regarded by senior officers. And after the fall of Vicksburg the men of this temporary battery were detached to Battery D, 1st Illinois and the 3rd Ohio Independent Battery. Yost would command the Illinois battery for a short time that summer. Not until December was the 26th formally authorized. While not officially a battery at the end of September 1863, the men would would form the 26th were indeed stationed around Vicksburg.
Those details established, we turn to the smoothbore ammunition:
Six lines to consider:
- 14th Battery: 60 shot, 32 shell, 106 case, and 50 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 15th Battery: 220 shot, 132 case, and 220 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
- 16th Battery: 44 shot, 123 shell, 169 case, and 48 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 19th Battery: 74 shot, 230 shell, 269 case, and 234 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 20th Battery: 47 shot and 39 shell for 12-pdr Napoleons; 32 case and 32 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers. As with the issue mentioned above for this battery, the howitzer ammunition tallies are likely a data-entry error and should be 12-pdr Napoleon rounds.
- 21st Battery: 276 shot, 126 shell, 164 case, and 128 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
Moving to the Hotchkiss page:
A mix of calibers here:
- 14th Battery: 147 canister, 355 percussion shell, and 276 fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
- 16th Battery: 88 shot, 70 fuse shell, and 304 bullet shell for 3.80-inch rifles.
- 20th Battery: 168 canister, 227 percussion shell, and 351 fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
- 24th Battery: 48 shot, 168 canister, 120 percussion shell, and 290 fuse shell for 3-inch rifles. Yes, the seldom reported Hotchkiss solid shot for 3-inch rifles!
- 25th Battery: 116 canister, 85 percussion shell, 43 fuse shell, and 65 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles; 112 shot, 291 percussion shell, and 158 fuse shell for “12-pounder” 3.67-inch rifles.
Two entries in the Hotchkiss columns on the next page:
- 16th Battery: 104 canister for 3.80-inch rifles.
- 25th Battery: 216 canister for 3.67-inch rifles.
No James projectiles reported, for what it is worth.
But one battery with Parrott guns:
- 17th Battery: 48 shot, 677 shell, 155 case, and 363 canister for 10-pdr Parrott.
We turn then to the Schenkl page:
- 24th Battery: 720 case for 3-inch rifles.
- 25th Battery: 37 shell and 46 case for 3-inch rifles.
Lastly, we have the small arms reported on hand:
- 14th Battery: Thirty army revolvers and thirty horse artillery sabers.
- 15th Battery: Eight cavalry sabers.
- 16th Battery: Twenty-four navy revolvers and two cavalry sabers.
- 17th Battery: Eight army revolvers.
- 19th Battery: Thirty navy revolvers and twelve cavalry sabers.
- 20th Battery: Eight army revolvers and ten horse artillery sabers.
- 21st Battery: Twenty-eight navy revolvers and thirteen horse artillery sabers.
- 24th Battery: Thirty army revolvers and thirty horse artillery sabers.
- 25th Battery: Twenty-six navy revolvers and fourteen cavalry sabers.
That concludes the Ohio independent batteries. Next we will look at a couple of lines below those listings, covering artillery reported from infantry regiments. And I’ll mention a couple that escaped notice of the Ordnance officers.