By June 1863, Indiana had twenty-five independent batteries on the books, in one way or another. In addition to those independent batteries, there were a couple of heavy artillery batteries with field artillery along with detachments and other miscellaneous formations. So they covered most of a page on the summary sheets:
We will review these in three parts, starting with the first dozen numbered independent batteries:
Of these first twelve, only seven have recorded returns. So let’s dive into those missing parts:
- 1st Battery: No report. The battery remained with Fourteenth Division, Thirteenth Corps and was part of the siege of Vicksburg. The battery had four (some sources say six) James rifles. Captain Martin Klauss commanded.
- 2nd Battery: Reporting at Springfield, Missouri with two 6-pdr field guns and four 3.80-inch James Rifles. Lieutenant Hugh Espey commanded this battery, assigned to the District of Southwestern Missouri.
- 3rd Battery: Also indicated as at Springfield, Missouri but with two 6-pdr field guns, two 12-pdr Napoleons, and two 3.67-inch rifles. Also part of the District of Southwestern Missouri, Captain James M. Cockefair commanded this battery. The battery split duty between Springfield and Rolla during the summer.
- 4th Battery: No report. Last quarter found the battery at Murfreesboro, with two 12-pdr Napoleons, two 12-pdr field howitzers, and two 3.80-inch James Rifles. Lieutenant David Flansburg command this battery, assigned to First Division, Fourteenth Corps. So June found them participating in the Tullahoma Campaign.
- 5th Battery: At Shell Mound, Tennessee with two 12-pdr Napoleons and four 3.80-inch James rifles. Shell Mound was a landing on the Tennessee River downstream from Chattanooga. And that location was probably valid for the reporting time of February 1864. In June 1863, the battery was with Second Division, Twentieth Corps, and part of the Tullahoma Campaign. Lieutenant Alfred Morrison remained in command, with Captain Peter Simonson the division artillery chief (temporarily at least).
- 6th Battery: No report. Last quarter’s returns gave the battery two 6-pdr field guns and two 3.80-inch James Rifles. Officially assigned to First Division, Sixteenth Corps. Captain Michael Mueller commanded. The battery had postings across west Tennessee until June, when dispatched with the rest of the division to Vicksburg.
- 7th Battery: McMinnville, Tennessee with two 12-pdr Napoleons and four 10-pdr Parrotts. Captain George R. Swallow’s battery supported Third Division, Twenty-First Corps. So the battery was involved with the Tullahoma Campaign at the reporting time. McMinnville appears to be derived from the August report filing.
- 8th Battery: No return. Captain George Estep retained command of this battery. In the winter reorganizations, the battery was posted to First Division, Twenty-First Corps at Murfreesboro. The battery had four 6-pdr field guns and two 12-pdr field howitzers.
- 9th Battery: No return. Lieutenant George R. Brown commanded this battery, assigned to Fourth Division, Sixteenth Corps. It remained part of the garrison at District of Columbus, in Kentucky.
- 10th Battery: Reporting at Pelham, Tennessee with two 12-pdr field howitzers and four 10-pdr Parrotts. Lieutenant William A. Naylor remained in command of this battery, assigned to First Division, Twenty-First Corps that winter. At the end of June the battery was involved in the Tullahoma Campaign.
- 11th Battery: Chattanooga, Tennessee (which was accurate for October 1863 when the report was received) with four 12-pdr Napoleons and two 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Captain Arnold Sutermeister’s battery supported Third Division, Twentieth Corps and was on the Tullahoma Campaign at the end of June.
- 12th Battery: At Nashville, Tennessee as siege artillery. Returns list the battery assigned to Fort Negley, with four 4.5-inch Ordnance siege rifles under Captain James E. White.
So we can, using the Official Records mostly, fill in most of these blanks.
Turning to the ammunition, the smoothbore columns are particularly active:
The usual sets of 6-pdr and 12-pdr rounds:
- 2nd Battery: 203 shot, 203 case, and 191 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
- 3rd Battery: 105 shot, 141 case, and 132 canister for 6-pdr field guns; 136 shot, 406 shell, 227 case, and 300 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 5th Battery: 76 shot, 24 shell, 92 case, and 33 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 7th Battery: 75 shot, 32 shell, 101 case, and 48 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 10th Battery: 115 shell, 100 case, and 116 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers.
- 11th Battery: 132 shot, 122 shell, 110 case, and 120 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
Moving to the next page, we start the rifled projectiles with the Hotchkiss columns:
Not a lot to report:
- 5th Battery: 24 shot, 24 fuse shell, and 132 bullet shell for 3.80-inch James.
- 11th Battery: 100 canister, 140 fuse shell, and 150 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
There is one “stray” on the following page for Hotchkiss:
- 5th Battery: 32 canister for 3.80-inch Rifles.
Moving to the right, the James columns:
Three batteries reporting:
- 2nd Battery: 130 shot and 142 shell for 3.80-inch rifles.
- 3rd Battery: 52 shot, 273 shell, and 24 canister for 3.80-inch rifles.
- 5th Battery: 58 canister for 3.80-inch rifles.
And over to the Parrotts:
Two batteries with Parrotts, and two reporting:
- 7th Battery: 197 shell, 273 case, and 157 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
- 10th Battery: 468 shell, 225 case, and 94 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
Note to the right, there is one entry for Schenkl patent projectiles for Parrott rifles:
- 7th Battery: 217 shot for 10-pdr Parrott.
To the last page of ammunition columns, we find two entries:
Both for 5th Battery:
- 5th Battery: 150 Schenkl shell for 3.80-inch rifles; 40 Tatham canister for 3.80-inch rifles.
Yes, 5th Battery reported canister from three different patterns to feed their James rifles (and that does not include canister for their 12-pdr Napoleons). Would love to see a first hand account discussing those particulars.
Lastly, we have the small arms:
By battery, of those reporting:
- 2nd Battery: Eighteen rifles (no type specified), twenty-eight Army revolvers, and twenty-two cavalry sabers.
- 3rd Battery: Four Navy revolvers and ten horse artillery sabers.
- 5th Battery: One percussion pistol, fourteen cavalry sabers, and seven horse artillery sabers.
- 7th Battery: Two cavalry sabers and fifteen horse artillery sabers.
- 10th Battery: Eighteen Army revolvers and twelve horse artillery sabers.
- 11th Battery: Ten Army revolvers, twelve Navy revolvers, and eleven cavalry sabers.
Perhaps the 5th Indiana Battery must have been the last user of the percussion pistol?
Next we’ll pick up the bottom half of the Indiana Independent Batteries.