Summary Statement, 3rd Quarter, 1863 – Missing Batteries

With the final entry for Wisconsin, I’ve presented all the sections from the Ordnance Summary Statements for the third quarter of 1863.  Those covered equipment reported from “light” batteries, or any other unit reporting field artillery on hand.  With any such accounting, and in particular during wartime, there will be gaps and missing information.  When I started these summary statement postings, I figured to just present the entries “as is” since that would leave the information in context.  But as I completed the first set (fourth quarter, 1862) realization set in that the context required identification of what was not mentioned.  Since then, I’ve preferred to identify these “in line” with the entries.  So where the clerks skipped, omitted, or simply didn’t know about a formation that WE, looking back from our perspective, knew existed, I’ll try to include those in the discussion under the appropriate heading.  And that’s what we’ve done for the third quarter of 1863.  Just a summary where those exist:

  • California: Two militia batteries organized in the summer of 1863, the The Washington Artillery (of Napa County) and  National Light Artillery (of Santa Clara County).  Neither were equipped until much later.  As these were militia batteries, one understands the omission. 
  • Connecticut: Batteries B and M, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery served the 2nd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac.  As these batteries used 4.5-inch siege rifles, they were not, strictly speaking, light batteries.  And, of course, there are no columns for the big siege rifles on the summary form!  (… but we will see such a column later.)
  • Delaware: Crossley’s Half-Company of Artillery mustered as part of the efforts to meet the emergency situation in June 1863.  They mustered out in September.
  • Iowa: The 4th Iowa Battery, just getting organized, escaped the clerk’s mention.
  • Kansas: Several militia batteries existed at the time.  Because of the nature of the war in Kansas, these units, arguably, saw glimpses of “the elephant” without being formally mustered.  Additionally, Armstrong’s Battery, part of the 1st Kansas Colored Infantry, escaped mention.
  • Maine: 7th Maine Light Battery began formation in the fall of 1863. Though it would not formally muster until December.
  • Massachusetts: The 13th Massachusetts Battery served in Louisiana at this time of the war, though heavily reduced due to sickness, death, and accidents.  The men serving with the battery were serving with the 2nd Massachusetts Battery.  That situation may justify the battery’s omission.
  • New Jersey: Chapin’s Battery was among the troops mustered for the emergency of June 1863.
  • New York: The 35th and 36th New York Independent Batteries were being organized during the third quarter. But neither would complete, and their men would eventually be transferred to heavy artillery regiments.
  • Ohio: Law’s Howitzer Battery, associated with the 2nd Ohio Cavalry, probably escaped mention due to the lack of reporting.
  • Pennsylvania: While the independent batteries can be accounted for, the clerks, understandably, did not list the militia and other emergency batteries that saw service from June through the fall of 1863.
  • Tennessee: Only a heading entry in the summary.  But there were five batteries, either in service or being organized, as part of the state’s light artillery regiment.  Furthermore the Memphis Light Artillery, a USCT formation, and Hurlbut’s Battery, a temporary unit detailed from the Memphis garrison, might be mentioned.

But that last reference, to Tennessee, brings up a couple of other sets that escaped mention.  The first of these, like Hurlbut’s Battery, were temporary or composite units formed in response to operational needs. 

  • Boyle’s Battery:  Appears to be named for Brigadier-General Jeremiah T. Boyle.  Comprised of volunteers from the 107th Illinois, 80th Indiana, and 13th & 33rd Kentucky. Served in Western Kentucky.
  • Post Artillery, Fort Leavenworth: Also known as the 4th Kansas Independent Battery. Captain Charles S. Bowman commanded. Later became Company M, 16th Kansas Cavalry.
  • Hurlbut’s Battery: Which I grouped under Tennessee (probably incorrectly) and mentioned above.  Again, this was a battery built around a pair of James rifles and a pair of 6-pdr field guns.  The men were volunteers from regiments then assigned to the Memphis garrison.
  • 1st Florida Battery: This battery formed under the 1st Florida (US) Cavalry in the Pensacola area.  I call it a battery here out of convenience, and because occasionally it was cited as such.  In reality, this was properly a detachment under the regiment.

Another category here which should be mentioned are the US Colored Troops.  I’ve speculated that two entry lines, one annotated under Missouri and another under Mississippi, were likely reports from artillery sections of US Colored Troops.  And the 1st Louisiana Heavy Artillery, later known as the 1st Corps de Afrique Heavy Artillery, and eventually re-designated the 10th US Colored Heavy Artillery, had a line in the summaries.  But there are a few other batteries which should be mentioned:

  • Memphis Light Battery (AD):  “AD” for African Descent, as I’m working from the somewhat “official” designation that appears in post-war War Department notations. Already mentioned. Captain Carl Adolf Lamberg commanded.  The battery was sometimes carried as the 1st Tennessee Colored Light Battery or similar derivations. 
  • 1st Battery Louisiana Light Artillery (AD):  Organizing at Hebron’s Plantation, Louisiana, but would not muster until November 1863. Captain Isaac B. Goodloe commanded.
  • 2nd Battery Louisiana Light Artillery (AD): Being organized at Black River Bridge, outside Vicksburg, Mississippi.  Would not muster until December 1863. Captain William M. Pratt would command.
  • 3rd Battery Louisiana Light Artillery (AD):  Also being organized, but in this case at Helena, Arkansas.  The battery did not muster until December. Captain Jonas Fred Lemke would be the commander. 

Another “gap” that I wish we could close up are the guns assigned to the various heavy artillery units (either serving as heavy in name, or otherwise employed as such).  It appears, unfortunately, the Ordnance Department preferred to carry those on separate forms, if not outright ignored these.  I can speculate at length as to why this would be the case.  But that would be speculation lacking documentation.  In an effort to at least identify the context of that “gap” I will follow this post with a listing of heavy artillery units in service in the third quarter of 1863.

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Summary Statement, 3rd Quarter, 1863 – New Jersey Batteries

The clerks at the Ordnance Department during the Civil War often violated strict alphabetical order for the sake of better organization within ledger entries.  Such is the case with New Jersey’s summary statement entries for the third quarter of 1863.  The state’s lines appear AFTER New York’s and BEFORE New Hampshire’s.   While troublesome for those with obsessive-compulsive tendencies, this does save a lot of white space on the entry sheets.

By this time of the war, New Jersey had organized and mustered five light batteries.  On the state’s reports, these were lettered batteries in the 1st New Jersey Artillery Regiment. Yet, in some official Army documents, the batteries were numbered one through five.  Such is the case here with the Ordnance Department:

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This is a flip from the previous quarter, where New Jersey’s batteries were lettered.  So for the sake of eliminating any confusion, I’ll indicate both here:

  • 1st Battery / Battery A: At Culpeper, Virginia with six 10-pdr Parrotts. Captain William Hexamer returned to lead the battery at the close of the Gettysburg Campaign.  The battery was with the Fourth Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve through the end of October (with reorganizations would move to the Third Volunteer Brigade in the next quarter).  In regard to the guns, the August 31 monthly report from the Army of the Potomac indicated the battery had only five Parrotts.  And the return for which this summary line is derived was received in Washington in January 1865.  So we must give or take one Parrott from Hexamer’s battery… at least.
  • 2nd Battery / Battery B: Reported at Brandy Station, Virginia with six 12-pdr Napoleons, reflecting a May 1864 receipt date. Captain A.Judson Clark commanded the battery, and it remained with Third Corps.  At some point after Gettysburg the battery replaced the Parrotts used at Gettysburg with Napoleons.   This change likely occurred in September, as the August 31 report indicates the battery still had Parrotts. By the first week of October, with the opening of the Bristoe Campaign, the battery had Napoleons.
  • 3rd Battery / Battery C: No return.  Authorized on June 30, this battery was fully mustered by September 11, 1863.  Captain Christian Woerner commanded. Upon muster, the battery moved to the Artillery Camp of Instruction, Camp Barry, D.C.
  • 4th Battery / Battery D: Reporting “no stores on hand” at Camp Barry, D.C.  Also authorized in June 1863, this battery mustered on September 16, 1863.  Captain George T. Woodbury commanded.  And it was sent to the Artillery Camp of Instruction, as indicated on the return.
  • 5th Battery / Battery E: No return.  The third new battery from New Jersey.  It was also authorized in late June.  It’s muster date was September 8, but did not leave the state until September 26.  Captain Zenas C. Warren commanded.  Like the others, the battery’s first posting was the Artillery Camp of Instruction.

One other battery we should mention here, and that escaped the official summaries, is a battery of light artillery from the New Jersey Militia.  Responding to appeals from Washington to meet the Confederate invasion of Pennsylvania in June 1863, the Governor of New Jersey called for additional volunteers, for a period of thirty days (starting on or about June 22).  Ten companies of infantry and one battery of artillery from the state militia responded. The latter, Chapin’s Battery, led by Captain John R. Chapin, accompanied the infantry to Harrisburg.  It is my understanding these New Jersey militiamen mustered into state service, then offered to support the Governor of Pennsylvania, and then assigned to help defend Harrisburg.  As such, they never actually mustered into Federal service. The force returned to New Jersey at the end of their thirty days.  Just a footnote to the Gettysburg Campaign… even if that.  But a battery mentioned here in the spirit of providing complete coverage.

Moving down to the reported ammunition, we have two batteries that needed rounds.  Starting with the smoothbore rounds for Battery B:

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  • 2nd Battery / Battery B: 288 shot, 96 shell, 288 case, and 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.

No Hotchkiss rounds on hand for either battery.  And on the next page we can move directly to the Parrott rounds:

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  • 1st Battery / Battery A:  400 shell, 360 case, and 163 canister for 10-pdr Parrott.

One entry for the same battery on the Schenkl page:

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  • 1st Battery / Battery A: 173 Schenkl shell for 10-pdr Parrott.

That sends us to the small arms:

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Only two reporting:

  • 1st Battery / Battery A: Fifteen army revolvers and twenty-seven horse artillery sabers.
  • 2nd Battery / Battery B: Seven navy revolvers and thirteen horse artillery sabers.

So we close out a short summary entry for New Jersey. Though the third quarter’s section for the state longer than in previous quarters, given the addition of three batteries.  And perhaps that’s the big story here.  Between June and September 1863, New Jersey organized and forwarded three new volunteer batteries and provided a short-term militia battery for an emergency.  That’s not counting infantry (both volunteer and militia) that were added during the same period.  And, for those counting heads, there were two New Jersey infantry regiments mustered out (belatedly, but mustered out) during the Gettysburg Campaign.

An exhibit from New Jersey for the “fought the war with one arm” argument.