Summary Statement, 1st Quarter, 1863 – 3rd Regiment, US Regulars

When we looked at the fourth quarter, 1862 summaries for the 3rd US Artillery Regiment, we saw assignments weighted to the “far west” reflecting the regiment’s pre-war duty.  That disposition continued into 1863.  However, there were changes in the service locations for several batteries serving in the east during the next reporting period.  Looking to summaries from the first quarter, 1863, we see “Kentucky” for several batteries:

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Most differences from the previous quarter reflected one of those army-level organizational changes occurring during the winter of 1863.  Specifically, the movement of the Ninth Corps to the Western Theater.

  • Battery A – At Albuquerque, New Mexico with two 12-pdr field howitzers and two 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.  Less a pair of 6-pdr field guns reported in the earlier quarter. Unknown to me is who commanded the battery at this (or any other) stage of the war.
  • Battery B – No location given or guns listed.  The annotation is “Infy. Stores.”  The battery remained at Fort Point, San Francisco, California.
  • Battery C – Reporting from Camp Bayard, Kentucky with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. But this battery was not in Kentucky.  Part of the Army of the Potomac, the battery started the winter in the Horse Artillery then moved to the Reserve Artillery. Lieutenant Henry Meinell was in command of the battery.
  • Battery D – At Alcatraz Island, California with the annotation “Infy. Stores.”
  • Battery E – No return. Serving in the Department of the South, posted to Hilton Head, South Carolina.  Lieutenant  John R. Myrick was in command.
  • Battery F – “With Battery K” at Potomac Creek, Virginia.
  • Battery G – No return.  This battery was disbanded in October 1862.
  • Battery H – “Infy. Stores” with location as San Francisco, California.
  • Battery I – Also “Infy. Stores” but at Alcatraz Island.
  • Battery K – At Potomac Creek with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Combined with Battery F (above).  This battery, under Captain John G. Turnbull, continued to support First Division, Third Corps with the Army of the Potomac.
  • Battery L – “with Battery M” at Lexington, Kentucky.
  • Battery M – At Lexington, Kentucky with six 10-pdr Parrotts.  Assigned to First Division, Ninth Corps.  Commanded by Captain John Edwards.

Between twelve batteries only twenty-two field artillery pieces.  Of course there were siege and garrison guns in California, just not a whole lot of them.  The gunners would wait until later in the war for some big weapons to guard the Golden Gate.

Only two of those batteries reported smoothbore weapons on hand.  So we have this:

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  • Battery A – 148 shot, 112 case, and 216 canister for 6-pdr field guns that teh battery no longer had (supposedly).  454 shell and 240 case for 12-pdr field howitzer.  And 408 canister for 12-pdr mountain howitzer.  However, notice there is no column dedicated for 12-pdr field howitzer canister, rather just columns for “12-pounder canister, fixed” and “12-pounder mountain howitzer canister, fixed.”  There were, as any good artillerist knows, three distinct 12-pdr canister types in this period.  Might we presume the clerk entered 12-pdr field howitzer canister in the mountain howitzer column for convenience?
  • Battery F/K – 360 shot, 96 shell, 198 case, and 104 canister for 12-pdr Napoleon.

Moving past Battery A’s complications, we have the rifled projectiles.  Starting with the Hotchkiss-types:

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Again, just two batteries to discuss:

  • Battery A – 96 canister, 144 percussion shell, 130 fuse shell, and 288 bullet shell in 3-inch rifle.
  • Battery C – 50 canister, 50 fuse shell, and 90 bullet shell in 3-inch rifle.

The next page for rifled projectiles detailed Dyer’s, James’, and Parrott’s patent types (Full page here).  Of those, only Parrott types were reported:

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And right where we’d expect:

  • Battery L/M – 618 shell, 435 case, and 265 canister for 10-pdr Parrott.

Schenkl?   Well I put in the time to snip and tuck this page:

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All for one entry:

  • Battery C – 30 shell for 3-inch rifle.

Well at least we have something to discuss for the small arms section:

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  • Battery A – One Sharps carbine, 76(?) Navy revolvers, and 87 horse artillery sabers.
  • Battery C – One Sharps carbine, 36 Navy revolvers, 36 cavalry sabers, and 173… yes 173, horse artillery sabers.
  • Battery F/K – Thirteen Navy revolvers and 45 horse artillery sabers.
  • Battery L/M – Sixteen Army revolvers and 47 horse artillery sabers.

For the four batteries reporting, that’s a lot of edged weapons.

I would say that one gap in the 3rd Regiment’s summaries which I’d like to “cover” with research is the status of Battery E.  I can guess and estimate, somewhat, what cannon were on hand by working against what I know was in the Department of the South (more accurately what showed up later on Morris Island).  I also suspect that Battery E, like many others assigned to South Carolina, carried a lot of small arms.  But the reasoning for that guess-work is not firm enough for my standards.

Summary Statement: December 31, 1862 – 3rd Regiment Artillery, US Regulars

The third installment of the December 31, 1862 Summary Statement, from the Ordnance Returns, is appropriately the Third US Artillery Regiment.  Working from past posts on this, I think adding the rule lines makes the presentation better.  As with last week, the yellow lines are the left-right rules within the original table.  The red lines indicate where I’ve made a “cut and paste” to align header or line labels. But… as I review my work from the other night, I’ve noticed some of my red lines are out of place.  At this point I’m not going to tweak them, rather will enforce more quality control going forward.

The administrative and Class I data for the 3rd Regiment:

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Only four batteries of the 3rd Regiment reported cannons on hand.  That is largely due to the assignments for those batteries.  At the eve of war, the regiment was stationed in California.  Two years after secession, the majority of the regiment was still there.  The breakdown:

  • Battery A:  No location indicated, but was serving in the Southwest (New Mexico Territory).  Two 6-pdr field guns, two 12-pdr field howitzers, and two 3-inch ordnance rifles.
  • Battery B: Fort Point, San Francisco, California.  No cannons reported.
  • Battery C: Belle Plain, Virginia.  Six 3-inch ordnance rifles.  Serving in the Horse Artillery, Army of the Potomac.
  • Battery D: Alcatraz Island, San Francisco, California. No cannons reported.
  • Battery E:  No location listed, and apparently no report was filed for the battery for the period.  The battery was stationed at Hilton Head, South Carolina.
  • Battery F:  Notice the very faint annotation here “<something> with Battery K”.  Battery F was attached to Battery K, and stationed at Falmouth, Virginia, assigned to 1st Division, Third Corps.
  • Battery G: “Disbanded October 5th  1862.”
  • Battery H: Stationed at San Francisco.  No cannons reported.
  • Battery I:  At Alcatraz Island.  No cannons reported.
  • Battery K: At Falmouth, Virginia.  Six 12-pdr Napoleons.  Assigned to 1st Division, Third Corps, Army of the Potomac.
  • Battery L: Also at Falmouth.  2nd Division, Fifth Corps, Army of the Potomac.  No artillery reported, but Batteries L and M were combined… and…
  • Battery M:  Reported two 12-pdr field howitzers and four 10-pdr Parrotts.  Of note, most sources indicate the howitzers were not used by this combined battery at either Antietam or Fredericksburg.

Note also the reporting times indicated on the far left.  As mentioned, Battery E did not file a report.  And Battery G had disbanded by the reporting time.  Of the remainder, only five filed reports within the first quarter of 1863.  Battery A’s report was not filed until 1864, if I am reading the small notation correctly.

Moving to the Class V columns, here is the smoothbore ammunition reported:

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These fall in line with the reported cannon assignments:

  • Battery A: 458 6-pdr shot, 340 6-pdr case, and 310 6-pdr canister; 430 12-pdr shell, 340 12-pdr case, and 408 12-pdr canister.
  • Battery K: 368 12-pdr shot, 96 12-pdr shell, 198 12-pdr case, and 104 12-pdr canister.
  • Battery M: 118 12-pdr shells, 158 12-pdr case, and 79 12-pdr canister.

Moving to the right, for Hotchkiss rifled ammunition:

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  • Battery A: 144 3-inch percussion shell and 144 3-inch “fuse shell”
  • Battery C: 30 3-inch “canister” and 50 3-inch fuse shell.

Only Battery A had any of Dyer’s patent projectiles – 288 3-inch shrapnel and 96 3-inch canister:

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On the right of this snip, notice that Battery M reported it’s quantity of 10-pdr Parrott projectiles – 450 shells, 270 case, and 161 canister.

Finally only Battery C had Schenkel projectiles on hand:

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The battery reported 30 3-inch shells and 90 3-inch canister.

Lastly, we look at the small arms reported by the batteries:

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The batteries working in garrisons did not report much in the way of small arms.  Assumption is that any returns filed from those locations were consolidated for the post.  For those operating as field or horse artillery, we see:

  • Battery A: 76 .44-caliber revolvers and 87 horse artillery sabers.
  • Battery C: 105 .37-caliber revolvers and 154 horse artillery sabers.
  • Battery K: 14 .37-caliber revolvers and 45 horse artillery sabers.
  • Battery M: 18 .44-caliber revolvers and 47 horse artillery sabers.

Perhaps I am worrying about splitting of hairs here, but the .37-caliber, which it is clearly hand-written on the form, revolver causes me pause.  Clearly that refers to the Colt or other pattern revolvers in .36-caliber.  But I do not see other ordnance department references to .37-caliber.

That question aside, the snips above demonstrate the artillery and projectiles assigned to the 3rd Regiment US Artillery at the end of 1862.