Before the war, Thomas Scott Mather was the state Adjutant General, where he demonstrated good organizational and administrative skills. During the first fall of the war, Mather accepted the colonelcy of the 2nd Illinois Artillery. As with most field artillery regiments, the 2nd never marched as a whole. And thus the position of regimental commander was more so an administrative post. But the rank gave Mather the ability to serve in other capacities. For a time he was Chief of Staff for General John McClernand. Later Mather served as the Inspector General for the Department of the Susquehanna. For this “faithful and meritorious services” Mather received a brevet to brigadier-general at war’s end.
For the third quarter of 1863, Mather’s batteries appeared as such on the summaries:
A “western theater” regiment:
- Battery A: No report. The battery remained with Fourteenth (or First, after reconciliation) Division, Thirteenth Corps. When Captain Peter Davidson promoted to major in the spring, Lieutenant Herman Borris, promoted to captain that April, moved up to command the battery (though Lieutenant Frank B. Fenton lead the battery during the Vicksburg Campaign). The battery remained with the division as the corps was transferred to the Department of the Gulf. At the end of September, the battery was at Carrollton, Louisiana.
- Battery B: Indicated at Fort Donelson, Tennessee with four 3.80-inch James rifles. The location reported is possibly a transcription error, and should be applied to Battery C (below) along with the four James rifles. Captain Fletcher H. Chapman commanded. Champman’s battery remained part of the Sixteenth Corps and assigned to the District of Corinth.
- Battery C: No report. Captain James P. Flood’s battery remained at At Fort Donelson, Tennessee with four 3.80-inch James Rifles, assigned to the Third Division, Reserve Corps, Army of the Cumberland.
- Battery D: Indicated at Memphis, Tennessee with four 3.80-inch James Rifles. Captain Charles S. Cooper remained in command of this battery, assigned to First Division, Sixteenth Corps, covering Memphis at the time.
- Battery E: Reported at Carrollton, Louisiana with three 6-pdr field guns and one 12-pdr field howitzer. After Vicksburg, Lieutenant George L. Nipsel’s battery transferred to Third Division, Thirteenth Corps, which was subsequently assigned to the Department of the Gulf.
- Battery F: Indicated at Natchez, Mississippi with two 6-pdr field guns and two 12-pdr field howitzers. The battery was assigned to Fourth Division, Seventeenth Corps in the post-Vicksburg reorganizations. Captain John W. Powell remained in command, but with him serving as division artillery chief, Lieutenant Walter H Powell led the battery.
- Battery G: At Vicksburg, Mississippi with four rifled 6-pdr guns. Captain Frederick Sparrestrom commanded this battery, assigned to Third Division, Sixteenth Corps.
- Battery H: Reporting at Clarksville, Tennessee two 6-pdr field guns and four 3.80-inch James Rifles. Captain Henry C. Whittemore assumed command of the battery at the end of June. Battery assigned to Third Division, Reserve Corps, Army of the Cumberland, and performing garrison and escort duties.
- Battery I: Under siege at Chattanooga, Tennessee with two 12-pdr Napoleons, two 10-pdr Parrotts, and two 3.80-inch James Rifles. Captain Charles M. Barnett commanded this battery. It was assigned to Second Division, Reserve Corps, Army of the Cumberland.
- Battery K: No report. This battery, under Captain Benjamin F. Rodgers, had been with Seventeenth Corps at the start of the year. It transferred to the Sixteenth Corps when serving at Vicksburg. And after that siege, transferred to the Thirteenth Corps (Fourth Division). At this time, the battery was on garrison duties at Natchez.
- Battery L: Listed at Vicksburg with four 3.80-inch James Rifles. Part of Third Division, Seventeenth Corps. Captain William H. Bolton commanded.
- Battery M: Reporting at Greeneville, Tennesse with four 3.80-inch James Rifles. Captain John C. Phillips command this battery, which assigned to Fourth Division, Twenty-third Corps, Army of the Ohio.
Tennessee, Mississippi, and Louisiana – but varied service and duties.
Looking to the smoothbore ammunition reported:
Four batteries reporting:
- Battery E: 204 shot, 164 case, and 203 canister for 6-pdr field guns; 34 shell, 60 case, and 34 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers.
- Battery F: 184 shot, 135 case, and 28 canister for 6-pdr field guns; 120 shell, 133 case, and 31 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers.
- Battery H: 176 shot, 150 case, and 42 canister for 6-pdr filed guns.
- Battery I: 43 shot, 52 shell, 95 case, and 90 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
Moving to the rifled projectiles, the Hotchkiss are first:
No 3-inch Ordnance rifles, but a scattering of rounds for the 3.80-inch and 3.67-inch rifles:
- Battery B: 100(?) shot, 430 percussion shell, and 68 fuse shell for 3.80-inch James.
- Battery G: 110 percussion shell and 955 fuse shell for 3.67-inch (6-pdr) rifles.
- Battery I: 46 shot and 108(?) bullet shell for 3.80-inch James.
- Battery L: 161 percussion shell and 123 fuse shell for 3.80-inch James.
- Battery M: 40 shot, 50 percussion shell, 240 fuse shell, and 150 bullet shell for 3.80-inch James.
Let us break the next page down into sections for clarity. Starting with a pair of Hotchkiss columns carried over to that page:
- Battery B: 250 canister for 3.80-inch James.
- Battery G: 100 canister 3.67-inch (6-pdr) rifles.
- Battery L: 60 canister for 3.80-inch James.
- Battery M: 55 canister for 3.80-inch James.
As expected, many entries for the James projectiles:
- Battery B: 24 shell and 2 canister for 3.80-inch James.
- Battery D: 45 shot, 203 shell, and 60 canister for 3.80-inch James.
- Battery H: 115 shot, 252 shell, and 214 canister for 3.80-inch James.
- Battery I: 108 canister for 3.80-inch James.
- Battery L: 128 shell and 128 canister for 3.80-inch James.
We have only one battery with Parrott rifles:
- Battery I: 27 shot, 131 shell, 185 case, and 64 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
The last page of the rifled projectiles contains columns for Schenkl and Tatham:
Two batteries with quantities of Schenkl to report:
- Battery D: 64 shot, 128 shell and 64 case for 3.80-inch James.
- Battery I: 42 shell for 3.80-inch James.
But over to the far right is one line for Tatham’s canister:
- Battery H: 32 canister for 3.80-inch James.
Lastly, we turn to the small arms:
- Battery B: Five (?) Army revolvers, nine Navy revolvers, four cavalry sabers, and six (?) horse artillery sabers.
- Battery E: Eight Army revolvers, twenty-four cavalry sabers, and forty foot artillery swords.
- Battery F: Twenty-two Army revolvers and twelve cavalry sabers.
- Battery H: Fifty-four Navy revolvers and seven cavalry sabers.
- Battery I: Seven Army revolvers, twenty-three Navy revolvers and thirty horse artillery sabers.
- Battery M: Twenty Army revolvers and twenty horse artillery sabers.
That concludes our look at the 2nd Illinois Artillery and their third quarter, 1863 returns. Next are the independent batteries and “others” from Illinois.