For the previous quarter, Maryland’s section of the summary contained three battery listings – Battery A, Battery B, and the Baltimore Battery. However, I mentioned at the bottom of the administrative portion of two additional batteries, being mustered but not yet in existence at the end of June 1863. Those were Battery A (Second) and Battery B (Second). Often referred to as the “Junior” batteries. We find those listed in the third quarter:
The story of these “Junior” batteries deserves at least a short explanation. With Abraham Lincoln’s Proclamation #102, issued on June 15, 1863, the call went forward Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Ohio to provide volunteers for enlistments of six months to meet the emergency caused by the Confederate invasion. We discussed the artillery side of Pennsylvania’s response in an earlier post. Maryland’s quota in this was 10,000 men and included the two “Junior” batteries. Both batteries mustered into service on July 14. And they would serve their six month hitches around Baltimore.
I cannot translate what was actually written in the “Regiment” column for lines 59 and 60. But the company letters are clear. These batteries were on active service during the quarter. And as we see from the summary, were issued cannon. Thus, at the end of September 1863 Maryland had five batteries reporting:
- Battery A / 1st Battery: Indicated with the Army of the Potomac, with four (down from six) 3-inch Ordnance Rifles Captain James H. Rigby remained in command. When the Fourth Volunteer Brigade of the Reserve Artillery was broken up on July 17, Rigby’s Battery transferred to the Third Volunteer Brigade. As of the end of September that year the battery was in Culpeper County.
- Battery B / 2nd Battery: Reported at Maryland Heights, Maryland, with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. In mid-July, the Captain Alonzo Snow’s battery was among the forces reoccupying Harpers Ferry. The battery was assigned to the Second Brigade, Maryland Heights Division.
- Baltimore Independent Battery: Showing at Baltimore, Maryland, with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. As mentioned in the previous quarter, this battery lost its guns at Winchester in June. Captain Frederick W. Alexander remained in command with the battery reforming at Baltimore, being reequipped with rifles rather quickly in July. The battery appears in Brigadier-General Erastus Tyler’s division, Northwestern Defenses of Baltimore.
- Battery A (Junior): Reporting at Baltimore, Maryland with six 3-inch rifles (likely Ordnance Rifles). As detailed above, the battery mustered in mid-July. Captain John M. Bruce commanded. The battery was also part of Tyler’s division. The battery is often listed simply as “Junior Battery” on returns.
- Battery B (Junior): At Camp Wharton (?), Maryland with six 12-pdr Napoleons. The place name is not familiar to me, but I do know the battery was in the defenses of Baltimore. Also seen on returns as the Eagle Battery. Captain Joseph H. Audoun commanded. As with the other Junior Battery, the Eagle Battery was assigned to the defenses of Baltimore, and part of Tyler’s division.
Turning to the ammunition reported, only one battery with smoothbore rounds on hand:
- Battery B (Junior): 296 shot, 104 shell, 304 case, and 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
But a lot of 3-inch rifles, meaning a lot of Hotchkiss entries:
- Battery A: 80 canister for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery B: 182 canister, 188 percussion shell, and 547 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
- Baltimore Battery: 121 canister, 120 percussion shell, 4 fuse shell, 10 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery A (Junior): 120 canister, 120 percussion shell, 240 fuse shell, and 720 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
These batteries had no rounds indicated on the next page:
But the batteries did report quantities of Schenkl on hand:
- Battery A: 317 shell and 396 case for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery B: 253 shell for 3-inch rifles.
- Baltimore Battery: 240 shell and 710 case for 3-inch rifles.
Lastly, we turn to the small arms:
- Battery A: Eight Army revolvers, twenty cavalry sabers, and sixteen horse artillery sabers.
- Battery B: Ten Army revolvers and twenty-one cavalry sabers.
- Baltimore Battery: Twenty-four Army revolvers and thirty-two horse artillery sabers.
- Battery A (Junior): Twenty Army revolvers and twenty cavalry sabers.
- Battery B (Junior): Twenty Army revolvers and twenty cavalry sabers.
Consider that in July 1863 of the five Maryland batteries, two were just brought into existence and another had lost nearly all its equipment. Those three batteries were constituted, or reconstituted as the case may be, within a matter of weeks. That tells us much about the depth of the Federal war machine…. not to mention how many spare cannon were around just waiting to be issued.