Summary Statement, 4th Quarter, 1863 – New York Independent Batteries, Part 2

Let us review the fourth quarter statements for the middle dozen New York independent “light” batteries:

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I say “light” as while on paper these were indeed light batteries, in actuality not all served as light batteries. We see nine returns processed. All within January or February 1864. Very tidy… relatively speaking:

  • 13th Independent Battery: Reporting from Bridgeport, Alabama with four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.  Captain William Wheeler remained in command, and the battery supported the Eleventh Corps. The battery participated in the fighting around Chattanooga in November. Using borrowed horses, the battery deployed to support Sherman’s crossing on November 22. Afterwards, the battery was part of the relief column sent to Knoxville. All told, for November, Wheeler reported expenditure of “horses, 24; ammunition, 50 Schenkl percussion, 50 Hotchkiss case, 10 Hotchkiss percussion – 110 rounds” during the month of November.
  • 14th Independent Battery: No return. The battery formally disbanded in September 1863. 
  • 15th Battery:  At Brandy Station, Virginia with four 12-pdr Napoleons.  Captain Patrick Hart commanded this battery, assigned to the 3rd Volunteer Brigade, Reserve Artillery, Army of the Potomac.
  • 16th Battery: At Newport News, Virginia with four 10-pdr Parrott Rifles. Captain Frederick L. Hiller’s battery was assigned to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.
  • 17th Battery: In Centreville, Virginia with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain George T. Anthony’s battery was at that time assigned to Tyler’s Division, the Defenses of Washington (Twenty-second Corps).
  • 18th Battery: No return. Captain Albert G. Mack’s battery remained with Nineteenth Corps, and posted to the defenses of New Orleans. Around the first of the year, the battery transferred to Baton Rouge. Likely the battery retained four 20-pdr Parrotts. 
  • 19th Battery: At Camp Barry, District of Columbia, with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Assigned to the Artillery Camp of Instruction, Twenty-second Corps.  Captain Edward W. Rogers remained in command.
  • 20th Battery: At Fort Schuyler, with no cannon (instead, they reported muskets on hand).  Captain Benjamin Franklin Ryer’s battery served as garrison artillery in the defenses of New York.  At the end of December, returns indicated Lieutenant Arthur Weicker led the battery in Ryer’s absence.
  • 21st Battery: At Port Hudson, Louisiana with four 3-inch steel guns (make and model unspecified). After the fall of Port Hudson, the battery remained at that post, as part of the Reserve Artillery of the Nineteenth Corps.  Captain James Barnes remained in command.
  • 22nd Battery: No return. Earlier in February 1863 the battery became Company M, 9th New York Heavy Artillery.  The designation remained on the clerk’s report as a placeholder.
  • 23rd Battery: Washington, North Carolina with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. With Captain Alfred Ransom on leave, Lieutenant Thomas Low led the battery at the close of the year. The 23rd was assigned to the Sub-District of Pamlico, District of North Carolina, Department of Virginia and North Carolina.
  • 24th Battery: At Plymouth, North Carolina with six 12-pdr Napoleons. This battery was assigned to the Sub-District of Albemarle, District of North Carolina, Department of Virginia and North Carolina.  Captain A. Lester Cady remained in command.

Those particulars providing the context, we move to the ammunition pages, starting with smoothbore:

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  • 15th Battery: 128 shot, 64 shell, and 192 case for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 17th Battery: 288 shot, 96 shell, and 288 case for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 19th Battery: 288 shot, 96 shell, and 288 case for 12-pdr Napoelons.
  • 24th Battery: 359 shot, 214 shell, and 448 case for 12-pdr Napoleons.

More on the next page:

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  • 15th Battery: 128 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 17th Battery: 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 19th Battery: 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 24th Battery: 368 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.

To the right are columns for Hotchkiss rifled projectiles:

  • 13th Battery: 160 time fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 23rd Battery: 276 time fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.

More Hotchkiss on the next page:

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  • 13th Battery: 10 percussion fuse shell, 430 case shot, and 80 canister for 3-inch rifles.
  • 21st Battery: 583 case shot and 138 canister for 3-inch rifles.
  • 23rd Battery: 107 percussion fuse shell, 481 case shot, and 197 canister for 3-inch rifles.

On the next page, we review the Parrott projectiles first:

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  • 16th Battery: 320 shell, 400 case, and 95 canister for 10-pdr Parrott rifles.

To the right are Schenkl listings:

  • 13th Battery: 30 shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 21st Battery: 127 shell for 3-inch rifles.

No additional cannon projectiles listed on the page which followed. So we move to the small arms:

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  • 13th Battery: 14 Colt navy revolvers and 10 horse artillery sabers.
  • 15th Battery: 15 Colt navy revolvers and 5 cavalry sabers.
  • 16th Battery: 14 Colt army revolvers and 12 horse artillery sabers.
  • 17th Battery: 20 Colt army revolvers and 30 horse artillery sabers.
  • 19th Battery: 10 Colt navy revolvers, 1 cavalry saber, and 28 horse artillery sabers.
  • 20th Battery: 99 Springfield .58 caliber muskets.
  • 21st Battery: 17 Colt army revolvers and 16 horse artillery sabers.
  • 23rd Battery: 58 Colt army revolvers and 75 cavalry sabers.
  • 24th Battery: 53 Colt army revolvers.

The next page covers cartridge bags and musket ammunition:

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  • 13th Battery: 139 cartridge bags for 3-inch rifles.
  • 16th Battery: 57 cartridge bags for 10-pdr Parrotts.
  • 17th Battery: 60 cartridge bags for smoothbore field pieces.
  • 19th Battery: 49 cartridge bags for smoothbore field pieces.
  • 20th Battery: 4,000 cartridges for .58 caliber muskets.
  • 21st Battery: 750 cartridge bags for 3-inch rifles.
  • 23rd Battery: 4 cartridge bags for 3-inch rifles.

Lastly we have the page covering pistol cartridges, fuses, powder, and miscellaneous articles:

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  • 13th Battery: 350 navy pistol cartridges and 850 friction primers.
  • 15th Battery: 400 navy pistol cartridges; 1,577 friction primers; and 100 pistol percussion caps.
  • 16th Battery: 186 army pistol cartridges; 64 paper fuses; 606 friction primers; 19 yards of slow match; 180 pistol percussion caps; and 60 regulation percussion caps.
  • 17th Battery: 1,500 friction primers; 4 yards of slow match; and 11 portfires.
  • 19th Battery: 1,672 friction primers; 88 yards of slow match; and 47 portfires.
  • 21st Battery: 1,000 army pistol cartridges; 886 paper fuses; 3,323 friction primers; 10 yards of slow match; and 1,000 regulation percussion caps.
  • 23rd Battery: 400 army pistol cartridges; 100 pounds of cannon powder; 50 pounds of musket powder; and 50 yards of slow match.
  • 24th Battery: 380 army pistol cartridges; 1,360 friction primers; 2 yards of slow match; and 590 regulation percussion caps.

That concludes the second batch of independent batteries from New York. The last third, a “spotty” dozen, we’ll cover in the next installment.

Summary Statement, 3rd Quarter, 1863 – New York Independent Batteries, Part 2

In the previous installment, for the third quarter of 1863 we detailed the first dozen New York Independent Batteries.  Of those still on active duty, their service was almost entirely in Virginia (with one battery in the District of Columbia the exception).  But for the next dozen – 13th through 24th Batteries – we find greater geographic distribution:

0273_1_Snip_NY_IND2 Note that nine of the twelve have returns.  Six were timely – arriving in October or November of 1863.  But the other three were tardy, with one arriving in February the next year, another in October 1864, and the last not until May 1865 (perhaps as the battery was attending the last details of paperwork before mustering out?):

  • 13th Independent Battery: Reporting from Bridgeport, Alabama with four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.  When the Eleventh Corps left Culpeper, Virginia, to reinforce Chattanooga, during the last week of September, the 13th Battery was among their number.  Captain William Wheeler, promoted in August, commanded the battery.
  • 14th Independent Battery: No return. This battery was broken up starting in the spring of 1862.  The first section was initially assigned to Battery C, 4th US Artillery, in March 1862, but later transferred to Battery G, 1st New York Artillery, in January 1863.  The second section was also transferred to Battery G, 1st New York, in May 1862.  At the same time the third section went to Battery B, 1st New York in May 1862.  The battery was formally disbanded in September 1863.  It’s last commander, Captain James Rorty, was killed in action at Gettysburg while in temporary with Battery B, 1st New York.
  • 15th Battery:  In Culpeper, Virginia with four 12-pdr Napoleons.  The battery “made the rounds” in the Artillery Reserve of the Army of the Potomac.  Under Captain Patrick Hart, the battery started the summer in the 1st Volunteer Brigade of that reserve.  In early August, they moved to the 4th Volunteer Brigade.  But by the end of the month, they were assigned to the 3rd Volunteer Brigade.
  • 16th Battery: No return. Captain Frederick L. Hiller’s battery remained with the Seventh Corps and stationed at Newport News, Virginia. Earlier in the year, the battery reported six 10-pdr Parrott Rifles.
  • 17th Battery: In Centreville, Virginia with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain George T. Anthony’s battery was at that time assigned to King’s Division, the Defenses of Washington (Twenty-second Corps).
  • 18th Battery: At Baton Rouge, Louisiana with four (down from six) 20-pdr Parrotts.  The report was not received in Washington until May 1865!  After the fall of Port Hudson, the battery was sent to the defenses of New Orleans, still in the Nineteenth Corps.  Captain Albert G. Mack retained command.
  • 19th Battery: At Camp Barry, District of Columbia, with six 12-pdr Napoleons. At the end of June, the 19th Battery transferred from the Seventh Corps (serving at Suffolk) to the Washington Defenses, Twenty-second Corps.  Captain William H. Stahl succumbed to typhoid fever on September 15, 1863.  Captain Edward W. Rogers replaced him.
  • 20th Battery: At Fort Schuyler, New York with “infantry stores” only.  Captain  Benjamin Franklin Ryer’s battery served as garrison artillery.  The battery helped suppress the New York riots in July.  And that was, more or less, their “combat” for the war.
  • 21st Battery: At Port Hudson, Louisiana with four 3-inch steel guns (make and model unspecified). The report is from February 1864.  After the fall of Port Hudson, the battery remained at that post, as part of the Reserve Artillery of the Nineteenth Corps.  Captain James Barnes remained in command.
  • 22nd Battery: No return. Earlier in February 1863 the battery became Company M, 9th New York Heavy Artillery.  The designation remained on the clerk’s report as a placeholder.
  • 23rd Battery: Washington, North Carolina with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Originally, Battery A of the New York Rocket Battalion. Captain Alfred Ransom was in charge of this battery, assigned to the District of Pamlico, Eighteenth Corps, Department of North Carolina.
  • 24th Battery: At Plymouth, North Carolina with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Another formerly of the Rocket Battalion, in this case former Battery B.  This battery was also assigned to the District of Albemarle, Eighteenth Corps, Department of North Carolina.  Captain A. Lester Cady remained in command.

 

Those details covered, we move to the ammunition and start with the smoothbore rounds:

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All Napoleons:

  • 15th Battery: 128 shot, 64 shell, 192 case, and 128 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 17th Battery: 288 shot, 96 shell, 288 case, and 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 19th Battery: 288 shot. 96 shell, 288 case, and 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 24th Battery: 359 shot, 214 shell, 448 case, and 368 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.

Four lines on the Hotchkiss page:

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So four batteries:

  • 13th Battery: 80 canister, 160 fuse shell, and 480 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 18th Battery: 95 shell for 3.67-inch rifles (in this case 20-pdr Parrotts).
  • 21st Battery: 138 canister, 20 fuse shell, and 583 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 23rd Battery: 197 canister, 137 percussion shell, 360 fuse shell, and 565 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.

On the next page, we can focus on just the Parrott columns:

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And that’s just for the 20-pdr Parrotts in New Orleans:

  • 18th Battery: 138 shot, 216 shell, and 89 canister for 20-pdr Parrott.

A single entry on the Schenkl page:

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  • 13th Battery: 80 Schenkl shell for 3-inch rifles.

That leaves us with the small arms:

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By battery reporting:

  • 13th Battery: Seven army revolvers, seven navy revolvers and ten (?) horse artillery sabers.
  • 15th Battery: Fifteen navy revolvers and five cavalry sabers.
  • 17th Battery: Twenty army revolvers and twenty-two horse artillery sabers.
  • 18th Battery: Four .58-caliber Springfield rifled muskets, three army revolvers, thirteen cavalry sabers, and seven horse artillery sabers.
  • 19th Battery: Seventeen navy revolvers, one cavalry saber, and twenty-eight horse artillery sabers.
  • 21st Battery: Seventeen army revolvers and sixteen horse artillery sabers.
  • 23rd Battery: Sixty army revolvers and seventy-five cavalry sabers.
  • 24th Battery: Fifty-three army revolvers.

We’ll complete the New York independent batteries, and the states’ listings for the third quarter as a whole, in the next installment.

Summary Statement, 2nd Quarter, 1863 – New York Independent Batteries, Part 2

For the first dozen of the New York independent batteries, discussed last week, we found all active batteries within the eastern theater.  Many were involved with the Gettysburg Campaign, directly or indirectly.  But looking to the second batch – 13th to the 24th Batteries – we find the service of that batch was much more varied:

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Of the twelve, only eight had returns for the quarter.  Only one of those was posted to Washington before the end of July.  Three arrived in August.  Another in September.  And the last two were not filed until 1864.  An administrative “stretch” of the data.

 

  • 13th Independent Battery: Reported, on August 7, 1863, at Warrenton Junction, Virginia with four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles (down from six the previous quarter).  With reorganization after Chancellorsville, moved up to the Artillery Brigade, Eleventh Corps.  Captain  Julius Dieckmann resigned on May 15.  He was replaced by Lieutenant William Wheeler.  As of June 30, the battery was at Emmitsburg, Maryland.  The battery lost one gun on the field at Gettysburg, when the axle split. Despite efforts to drag the tube off the field, lashed to a limber by a prolong, the gun was left on the field.  However, that gun was recovered on July 5 and brought back to service.  The battery expended 850 rounds during the battle, but were “anxious for another opportunity to try their 3-inch guns.”
  • 14th Independent Battery: No return.  Earlier in the spring of 1862, personnel of this battery were distributed to other batteries.  As of June 1863, the first section  was assigned to Battery B, 1st New York; second and third sections to Battery G, 1st New York.  At Gettysburg, Captain James McKay Rorty, of the battery, commanded Battery B, 1st New York Light Artillery. But he was mortally wounded on July 3.  The battery was formally disbanded in September 1863.
  • 15th Battery:  As of the August 15 report, was at Rappahannock Station, Virginia with four 12-pdr Napoleons.  The battery was assigned to First Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, under Captain Patrick Hart.  In May, the battery had turned in their 3-inch rifles for the Napoleons.  At the end of June, the battery was, with the rest of McGilvery’s Brigade, in Maryland, with an appointment two days later at the Peach Orchard of Gettysburg.
  • 16th Battery: No return. Captain Frederick L. Hiller’s battery transferred to the Seventh Corps in April, and stationed at Newport News, Virginia. In the previous quarter, the battery reported six 10-pdr Parrott Rifles.
  • 17th Battery: At Camp Barry, District of Columbia with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain George T. Anthony’s battery was assigned to the Artillery Camp of Instruction.
  • 18th Battery: At Port Hudson, Louisiana with six 20-pdr Parrotts.  The report was not received in Washington until August 1864.  The battery transferred from Second Division to First Division, Nineteenth Corps in May.  Captain Albert G. Mack retained command. The battery participated in the siege of Port Hudson.
  • 19th Battery: No return. The battery, under Captain William H. Stahl, transferred to First Division, Seventh Corps in April.  The battery saw action in the siege of Suffolk.  In the previous quarter, the battery reported six 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 20th Battery: At Fort Schuyler, New York with “infantry stores” only.  Captain  B. Franklin Ryer’s battery served as garrison artillery.  The battery would be involved with the suppression of the New York riots in July.
  • 21st Battery: At Port Hudson, Louisiana with four 3-inch steel guns (make and model unspecified). The report is from February 1864, but accurate.  This battery, under Captain James Barnes, was assigned to Second Division, Nineteenth Corps.
  • 22nd Battery: No return. Earlier in February the battery became Company M, 9th New York Heavy Artillery.  The designation remained on the clerk’s report as a placeholder.
  • 23rd Battery: Washington, North Carolina with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Originally, Battery A of the New York Rocket Battalion. Captain Alfred Ransom was in charge of this battery, assigned to the Eighteenth Corps, Department of North Carolina.
  • 24th Battery: At Plymouth, North Carolina with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Likewise, Battery B of the Rocket Battalion with this new designation taking effect in February.  This battery was also assigned to the Eighteenth Corps.  Captain Jay E. Lee resigned in mid-June.  Lieutenant A. Lester Cady was promoted and assigned command.

 

As I said, varied service – from New York harbor to Port Hudson on the Mississippi.

Turning to the ammunition, we have the smoothbore rounds accounted for:

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Three batteries reporting:

  • 15th Battery: 128 shot, 64 shell, 192 case, and 128 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 17th Battery: 288 shot, 69 shell, 388 (?) case, and 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 24th Battery: 393 shot, 230 shell, 464 case, and 368 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.

A straightforward, expected tally.

For the rifled projectiles, the Hotchiss columns are also straightforward:

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Three batteries with 3-inch rifles and one with 20-pdr Parrotts:

  • 13th Battery: 70 canister, 150 fuse shell, and 430 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 18th Battery: 95 fuse shell for 3.67-inch rifles (20-pdr Parrott).
  • 21st Battery: 310 canister and 473 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 23rd Battery: 191 canister, 68 percussion shell, 281 fuse shell, and 552 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.

For the following page, we’ll break this down into two sections.  First a lone entry for Dyer’s patent:

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  • 23rd Battery: 30 (?) Dyer’s shell for 3-inch rifles.

Moving over to the Parrott and Schenkl projectiles:

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Just one battery with those big 20-pdr Parrotts:

  • 18th Battery: 786 shell, 168 case, and 137 canister, Parrott patent; 439 Schenkl shot, also for 20-pdrs.

More Schenkl on the next page:

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  • 13th Battery: 80 shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 18th Battery: 40 shell for 20-pdr Parrotts.
  • 21st Battery: 47 shell for 3-inch rifles.

Lastly, we have the small arms to account for:

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By battery:

  • 13th Battery: Seven Army revolvers, seven Navy revolvers, and fifteen horse artillery sabers.
  • 15th Battery: Seventeen Navy revolvers and twelve cavalry sabers.
  • 17th Battery: Twenty Army revolvers and twenty-two horse artillery sabers.
  • 18th Battery: Four Springfield muskets (.58 caliber), three army revolves, and seven horse artillery sabers.
  • 21st Battery: Eighteen Army revolvers and sixteen horse artillery sabers.
  • 23rd Battery: Sixty Army revolvers and seventy-five cavalry sabers.
  • 24th Battery: Fifty-three Army revolvers.

We will find this pattern of varied service repeated in the last portion of independent batteries. We will look at batteries 25 to 32 in the next installment.  Along with three “detachment” lines.