Winter and Spring 1864

Return to “Secondary theater” : Winter of 1864

Fort Sumter 4 Aug 11 1601

January 3: Misfire against Fort Sumter

January 4: Second three gun battery started at Fort Sumter

January 6-16:  Federals build a chain of signal stations along the South Carolina Coast (part 1 and Part 2).  This included telegraph lines over Lighthouse Inlet.

January 8: Beauregard plans the use of phosphorus shells.

January 9: A second 10-inch rifled columbiad, which became the subject of debate between Beauregard and the Confederate Ordnance Bureau.

January 12: Scrap iron returned from Fort Sumter.

January 13: Bombardment of Charleston resumes.

January 16: The South Carolina Siege Train goes to the range.

January 20:  Fake battery on James Island to lure in Federal gunboats

January 24: Mystery balloon reported outside Charleston

January 26: Call to defend Georgetown, South Carolina

January 29: Minor bombardment of Fort Sumter

February 2: Blockade runner Presto fails to clear Maffitt’s Channel

February 5: Destruction of the Presto

February 4: Intelligence from a Confederate defector

February 8: Beauregard urges troops to reenlist

February 9-12:  James Island demonstration:  Schimmelfenning crosses to John’s Island, Confederate delaying actions, and Federals retire having accomplished their demonstration.  This prompted a Confederate “demonstration” of their own in the form of a bombardment of Morris Island.

February 14 and 18: Snow in Charleston!

February 17: Sinking of the USS Housatonic by the H.L. Hunley

February 17: Confederate engineers and an odd example of ballistic forensics

February 18 (or there about): Federal gunners hold fire on Beauregard

February 24:  Beauregard suspends the phosphorus shell project

February (throughout the month): Continued Federal bombardment of Charleston, with a note on the ranges.

February 26: Loss of a picket boat from the USS Nipsic

March 5: Beauregard defends recruiting/enlistment practices in South Carolina.

March 7: Failed attempt to sink the USS Memphis

March 9: Capture of the blockade runner Arletta

March 15: Fourth Minor Bombardment of Fort Sumter

March 16: Failed Confederate raid on Port Royal

March 19: Gillmore requests a change of assignment

March 21: Requests to train army personnel for naval gunnery

March 22: Warning bell at Fort Sumter

March 30: Inspection of Sullivan’s Island batteries

April 1: British Observers on Morris Island

April 3: Mortar bombardment of Fort Sumter

April 4: Gillmore ordered to Virginia with his best troops

April 5: Beauregard’s Code Key

April 6: Report of Federal Batteries on Morris Island

April 9: Hampton complains that Beauregard is “abusing the system” for cavalry replacements

April 15: Use of Hale’s Rockets , more on the Hale Rockets.

April 20: Beauregard leaves Charleston for Virginia

April 23: Grant rejects further operations against Charleston

April 25: Schimmelfennig adjust defenses of Morris Island

April 26: Schimmelfennig’s assessment of Confederate defenses

April 27: Confederate transportation system hindered with delays

April 29: Fifth minor bombardment of Fort Sumter

May 8: Schimmelfennig calls for more rockets!

May 10: Demonstrations against Secessionville.

May 13: Hatch proposes retaliation for USCT POW treatment.

May 14: Confederate picket post captured.

May 13-17: Sixth Minor bombardment of Fort Sumter

May 16: Hatch, temporary commander, calls for reinforcements

May 21: Boat raids on James Island

May 23-24: Major demonstration against James Island cause delays moving troops to Virginia

May 25: Inspection of James Island Defenses (Part 1 and Part 2)

May 29: Foster assumes command of Department of the South, immediately complains he hasn’t enough artillerists!

May 29: Schimmelfennig on camouflaging the batteries

May 31: Seventh Minor Bombardment of Fort Sumter

June 2: Pay inequities for the USCT

June 5: South Carolina Governor wanted to avoid use of militia

June 7: Sinking the Etiwan

June 9: Loss of the USS Water Witch impacts blockade

June 24: Status of Federal positions in the Department of the South at the close of the spring

Other entries:

Battery Haskell

Battery Glover

Federal batteries on Morris Island, spring 1864

Garrisons defending Port Royal Sound

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