Summer and Fall 1864

“Desultory Firing” period of late June

June 20: Replacing the flag at Fort Sumter under fire.

June 22: Foster looks to remain “active” outside Charleston

June 22: Lacquering Parrott shells to prevent failures

June 23: General Jones and the Confederate labor woes.

June 26: Gillmore Medals awarded

June 26: Gallant acts around the flagstaffs

June 27: Federal code-breaking efforts bear fruit

June 28: Federal efforts to block the Stono River

June 29: Bombarding Castle Pinckney

June 30: Jones requests 2,000 slaves to repair fortifications

Batteries and Forts of the Department of the South

Foster’s July “Demonstration”

Foster’s plan – a five pronged “demonstration”

Naval support for Foster’s offensive

July 2: Initial phases in Foster’s plan stumble – Birney on Edisto, Hatch on John’s Island

July 2: Demonstration on James Island is initially successful

July 3: First assault on Fort Johnson repulsed

July 4: A “hot day” on James Island

July 5: Naval gunfire support on the Stono River

July 10: Second assault on Fort Johnson also fails

July 5-11: Battle of Burden’s Causeway, Foster’s offensive fizzles to a close

July 12: Foster declares the “demonstration” successful

Third Major Bombardment of Fort Sumter (July 7 to September 4, 1864)

July 7: Foster’s offensive fizzles, so he starts a major bombardment of Fort Sumter

July 8: Was the capture of a Confederate blockade runner a SIGINT success?

July 9: Pace of the Third Major Bombardment picks up

July 18: Confederate engineers work to repair Fort Sumter as Federal bombardment tears it down

July 18: Captains Mitchel and Johnson recommended for promotion

July 20: Captain Mitchel killed at Fort Sumter

July 23: Huguenin takes command of Fort Sumter, garrison remains in high spirits

July 25: Foster’s assessment of the bombardment, through the first weeks

July 26: Federals plan to re-activate Swamp Angel battery to fire on Fort Sumter, and also look at Payne’s Wharf as potential battery location

July 27: Progress report of the bombardment – the right angle shot away

July 31: Naval reinforcements for the bombarding batteries

August 1: “This leaves only one breaching gun… that can be used”: Report on The Third Major Bombardment

August 2: General Birney leaves for Virginia, taking his USCT brigade

August 2: Federal reconnaissance boats scout Fort Sumter

August 5: Navy sends XI-inch Dahlgrens to Morris Island

August 11: Negro labor force critical to keeping Fort Sumter repaired

August 17: Progress report for August 3 to 14: 3,180 shots at Fort Sumter

August 18: Foster sends more troops to Virginia, reducing Department of the South

August 19: Jones asks for reinforcements for Charleston and later for more guns

August 20: Burning of Legareville

August 27: Foster’s plans to force Fort Sumter by landing parties disapproved, reminded to remain on the defensive

August 28-29: Federal attempts to blast Fort Sumter with floating demolition barge

August 30: Flag of Truce incident

September 2: Federal bombardment slows

September 5: Bombardment of Charleston focused away from locations where Federal prisoners were held, on more populous portions

September 6: Foster stops Third Major Bombardment for want of ammunition

September 9: General Saxton proposes major bombardment of Charleston (though ammunition problems prevent such measures)

After the Last Major Bombardment

September 6-18: Eighth Minor Bombardment of Fort Sumter.

September 12: Foster orders a shot into Charleston every fifteen minutes

September 13: Confederates start work on Fort Trenholm

September 15: Morris Island quick reaction force orders

September 17: Confederate sharpshooters against Morris Island work details

September 18: End of the Eighth Minor Bobmardment

September 21: Status of Confederate steamers in Charleston

September 24: Confederates react to Federal code-breaking

September 28: Beauregard investigates Ripley’s conduct

October 5: Yellow Fever in Charleston

October 6: Instructions to Scammon on Morris Island – maintaining the status quo

October 13:  Mid-month status report from Foster – “I am confident that the city can be destroyed.”

October 23: Destruction of the Blockade Runner Flora

October 26: Ripley’s plan to recapture Morris Island

October 27: Renewed bombardment of Charleston

November 2: Dahlgren proposes an advance up the Peedee/Santee Rivers

The POWs:  Fifty Officers, then Immortal 600

June 16: General Jones puts “Five generals and 45 field officers” under the guns at Charleston.  Jones uses prisoners as “human shield” to stop bombardment of Charleston

June 21: Federal retaliation – plans to place an equal number of Confederate officers on Morris Island

July 1: Messages from the Federal prisoners in Charleston. Jones pushing for prisoner exchanges.

July 12: Foster demands the Federal prisoners be removed from Charleston as a condition to further discussions, Jones calls this an obstacle

July 29: Exchange of officers approved – “Such exchange being a special case.”

August 3: Exchange of fifty prisoners – generals and field officers – at Charleston

August 6: “Great Escape” stories from Federal prisoners

August 15: Confederates place 600 Federals in Charleston, Federal retaliate by ordering up 600 Confederate prisoners to Morris Island

August 18: Foster evaluates the POW issue, figures it is all about resuming exchanges

August 21: Grant orders “no exchanges

August 25: Jones cannot grant request to pass supplies to Andersonville

September 8: Arrival of the Immortal 600 on Morris Island

James Pike: Soldier, spy, saboteur, and prisoner

September 23: Exchange of non-combatant prisoners

October 1: Federal POWs sent to work on Confederate fortifications

October 4: “They seem the most worthless and unreliable fellows in their whole lot” – The 600 prisoners on Morris Island

October 24: Immortal 600 removed to Fort Pulaski  (Through the fall and winter, Fort Pulaski NM followed the story of the 600 by way of Henry Clay Dickinson’s diary)

November 16: Prisoner exchanges upriver from Fort Pulaski

December 4-17: Prisoner exchanges moved to Charleston

On the blockade

August 8: Dahlgren submits another plan to take Charleston

August 9: Blockade Runner Prince Albert destroyed

August 22: Dahlgren lobbies to keep monitors at Charleston

September 7: Efficiency of the blockade tested, found wanting

September 23: Signal instructions for the blockaders

September 25: No ironclads to be withdrawn

October: Blockade-runners elude Federals

October 16: Importance of blockade-running to Confederate efforts (And a look at some “numbers” offered by Josiah Gorgas in that regard)

November 5: USS Patapsco destroys a blockade runner

November 7: Another bad day for the blockaders

November 9: Technical intelligence to beat the Confederate torpedoes

November 10: Dahlgren proposes an advance from Bull’s Bay

November 14: A shot into St. Michael’s Church?

Other Subjects

How many soldiers will remember the Old Beacon House?

What to do with discharged contrabands in the Department of the South?

March Haynes: Freed slave and Federal scout

Ice to South Carolina in the summer?

Odd news passed from deserters

Foster requests more transports, and is denied – “She is too expensive and valuable for a yacht

Morris Island Lighthouse



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