Posts covering operations around Charleston in the winter and spring of 1865.
Final Operations to Capture Charleston (Winter 1865)
The capture of Charleston was closely linked to Sherman’s March through South Carolina. Detailed posts regarding those operations are listed on a separate page under Sherman’s March. There is, however, considerable overlap.
December 30: Federal precautions against Charleston Squadron
January 7: Charleston ruled out as a major objective in South Carolina campaign
January 16: Dahlgren sees “a sign of the end.”
January 18: Charleston remained open for blockade runners.
January 19: Reinforcements for the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron.
January 24-26: Gunboats probe the waterways south of Charleston.
January 26: “Ships were made to be lost” – Loss of the USS Dai Ching
January 28-30: Diversions on the Stono and Edisto Rivers.
February 9: Gilmore returns to command, as Foster takes leave.
February 12-17: Federal operations from Bulls Bay attempt to take Charleston, but are foiled by weather and shallows.
Operations and Activities after the fall of Charleston
March 17: USS Bibb strikes a torpedo in Charleston… the defense were still exacting a toll.
March 21: Grand Jubilee for Freedom in Charleston.
March 30: Henry War Beecher named guest of honor at flag raising ceremony, expresses “profound feelings” on the matter.
April 14: The war turns full circle as “the same dear flag” is raised over Fort Sumter.
April 20: Confederate Sam Jones, in Florida, calls for the militia “against deserters, and to retain and maintain proper subordination among the slaves”; Gives some measure of conditions (and Confederate sentiments) in the wake of Sherman’s march.
April 21: “making fair contracts in writing with the people to cultivate the land…” in South Carolina; Gilmore struggles with the questions about the freedmen.
April 29: As Federals transition away from wartime garrisons, Hilton Head is transformed.
April 30: Military Reconstruction of inland South Carolina begins as Potter is sent to Orangeburg.