End of the War at Charleston

Posts covering operations around Charleston in the winter and spring of 1865.

Final Operations to Capture Charleston (Winter 1865)

The capture of Charleston was closely linked to Sherman’s March through South Carolina.  Detailed posts regarding those operations are listed on a separate page under Sherman’s March.  There is, however, considerable overlap.

December 30: Federal precautions against Charleston Squadron

January 1: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron dispositions

January 7: Charleston ruled out as a major objective in South Carolina campaign

January 8: Foster asks to send the Immortal 600 back north

January 15: The loss of the USS Patapsco – Part 1 and Part 2.

January 16:  Dahlgren sees “a sign of the end.”

January 18: Charleston remained open for blockade runners.

January 19: Reinforcements for the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron.

January 24-26: Gunboats probe the waterways south of Charleston.

January 26: “Ships were made to be lost” –  Loss of the USS Dai Ching

January 28-30: Diversions on the Stono and Edisto Rivers.

February 2: Foster suggest conscription to fill ranks of USCT regiments.

February 9:  Gilmore returns to command, as Foster takes leave.

February 9-13: Operations against Charleston during Sherman’s March toward Columbia – Part 1, Togodo Creek; Part 2, The Last Battles around Charleston.

February 12-17: Federal operations from Bulls Bay attempt to take Charleston, but are foiled by weather and shallows.

February 18: Confederates evacuate and Charleston falls to the Federals.

Operations and Activities after the fall of Charleston

March 15: Sherman’s orders to Gillmore – “all good men should be marching,” which sets in motion Potter’s Raid.

March 17: USS Bibb strikes a torpedo in Charleston… the defense were still exacting a toll.

March 21: Grand Jubilee for Freedom in Charleston.

March 25: General Robert Anderson ordered back to Fort Sumter to raise a flag.

March 30: Henry War Beecher named guest of honor at flag raising ceremony, expresses “profound feelings” on the matter.

April 14: The war turns full circle as “the same dear flag” is raised over Fort Sumter.

April 20: Confederate Sam Jones, in Florida, calls for the militia “against deserters, and to retain and maintain proper subordination among the slaves”; Gives some measure of conditions (and Confederate sentiments) in the wake of Sherman’s march.

April 21: “making fair contracts in writing with the people to cultivate the land…” in South Carolina; Gilmore struggles with the questions about the freedmen.

April 29:  As Federals transition away from wartime garrisons, Hilton Head is transformed.

April 30: Military Reconstruction of inland South Carolina begins as Potter is sent to Orangeburg.

May 4: The Blockading Squadron maintains watch for the CSS Stonewall.

June:  The South Atlantic Blockading Squadron was still “blockading” the southern ports.

Potter’s Raid (separate page)

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