Time now we look to the Hoosier Artillery as reported for December 1862. Indiana organized twenty-six light batteries for Federal service during the war, all numbered and not within a regimental system. Twenty-one of those Indiana batteries had entry lines on the December 1862 summary. Of those, only seven had a posted date for receipt of returns. I’ll focus on those seven, but mention the status of the other twenty-one for our purposes today. (And note, there was a 1st Indiana Heavy Artillery Regiment serving mostly with the Department of the Gulf, that falls outside the summaries.)
Of the seven batteries with data for the form, we see all posted late. Three were received in the spring of 1863. Three more trickled in through the summer and fall. Then the 2nd Indiana Battery’s was received in April 1864. All must be considered when reviewing the data presented in the summary.
For the battery-by-battery breakdown, let us “fill in” the location and assignment for batteries without a report… just to round things out (Looking here for any patterns of the omissions). And, for emphasis, these are all “Independent Light Artillery” batteries from Indiana, designated by sequential numbers:
- 1st Battery: No report. The battery was part of the short lived Army of Southeastern Missouri, operating in the Ironton area.
- 2nd Battery: Springfield, Missouri. Three 6-pdr field guns and four James 3.80-inch rifles. The battery was in the Army of the Frontier.
- 3rd Battery: No report. Part of the Central District of Missouri and reported at both Rolla and St. Louis during the quarter.
- 4th Battery: La Vernge or Lafayette (?), Tennessee. Two 6-pdr field guns and two James 3.80-inch rifles. The 4th was in the Right Wing, Army of the Cumberland, specifically, Sheridan’s Third Division. The battery was in action at Stones River on December 31. Captain Asahel Bush’s official report mentions the battery had one more cannon on hand – a field howitzer (12-pdr). One 6-pdr and a James rifle were lost on the field. And the other 6-pdr disabled. The battery fired 1,160 rounds in the battle. Losses were six killed, seventeen wounded, and three captured or missing.
- 5th Battery. No report. Was posted to Second Division (Johnson), Right Wing, Army of the Cumberland, and at Stones River. Captain Peter Simonson mentioned two 10-pdr Parrotts and two 12-pdr Napoleons in his official report of the battle. The battery fired only 213 rounds in the battle but lost two guns.
- 6th Battery. No report. The battery was in the multi-armed Thirteenth Corps and with McPherson’s Right Wing in northern Mississippi.
- 7th Battery. Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Four 10-pdr Parrotts. The battery was in Van Cleve’s Third Division, Left Wing, Army of the Cumberland. Captain George Swallow’s battery fired 406 rounds in the battle at Stones River, lost no guns, suffered four killed and eight wounded, along with losing one horse.
- 8th Battery. No report. First Division (Wood), Left Wing, Army of the Cumberland. Lieutenant George Estep’s battery fired 871 rounds at Stones River.
- 9th Battery. No report. Captain George Brown’s battery was assigned to Fourth Division, Right Wing, Thirteenth Corps.
- 10th Battery: No report. Captain Jerome Cox’s battery was also assigned to First Division, Left Wing, Army of the Cumberland and at Stones River. The battery fired 1,442 rounds during the battle.
- 11th Battery: No report. Though assigned the Army of the Cumberland, this battery was part of the Nashville garrison.
- 12th Battery: Fort Negley, Nashville, Tennesseee. Annotated as “siege.” Four 4.5-inch siege rifles.
- 13th Battery: No report. Also annotated as a “siege” battery. I have no particulars on this battery. It was posted to Gallatin, outside Nashville, and some reports have it operating as cavalry.
- 14th Battery: Jackson, Tennessee. Three 6-pdr field guns and one 3-inch Ordnance Rifle. The battery was part of Thirteenth Corps at the time.
- 15th Battery: No report. Had surrendered earlier in the fall at Harpers Ferry. Was still on parole.
- 16th Battery: Fort Pennsylvania, DC. Three 20-pdr Parrotts and four James 3.80-inch rifles. This battery spent most of the war defending Washington.
- 17th Battery: No report. The 17th Battery was assigned to the Middle Department and the defenses of Baltimore.
- 18th Battery: No report. Though assigned to the Center Wing, Army of the Cumberland, this battery was not at Stones River but rather supporting troops pursuing Confederates raiders.
- 19th Battery: (Illegible), Kentucky. Four 12-pdr Napoleons and two 3-inch steel guns. Also assigned to the Center Wing, the 19th was likewise active in pursuit of Confederate raiders at this time of the war.
- 20th Battery: No report. Assigned to the garrison of Henderson, Kentucky.
- 21st Battery: No report. On duty at various locations in Kentucky.
Sorry for the lengthy interpretation, but a necessary listing for the purposes of these posts. There are several batteries (particularly the 19th Indiana) that I’d like to discuss further. But for now let me save those for separate posts in the future.
Turning to smoothbore ammunition on hand:
Just three batteries reporting quantities:
- 2nd Battery: 6-pdr field gun – 8 spherical case and 191 canister.
- 4th Battery: 6-pdr field gun – 320 shot, 160 case, and 30 canister.
- 14th Battery: 6-pdr field gun – 328 shot, 296 case, and 68 canister.
Rifled projectiles followed to the right of the smoothbore listings, with Hotchkiss patent types:
Three batteries reporting:
- 2nd Battery: James 3.80-inch – 54 shot and 176 (?) bullet shell.
- 14th Battery: 162 of Hotchkiss pattern 3-inch percussion shell.
- 19th Battery: 3-inch rifle – 98 canister and 86 fuse shell.
Continuing to the columns for James and Parrott projectiles:
Two batteries with quantities on hand:
- 7th Battery: 155 Parrott 10-pdr case shot.
- 14th Battery: James patent 3.80-inch – 188 shell, 120 case shot, and 222 canister; and 650 20-pdr Parrott shells.
Clearly a battery posted to defend the nation’s capital got plenty of ammunition!
And next those of Schenkl and Tatham’s:
Two batteries reporting:
- 14th Battery: 83 3-inch Schenkl shells and 45 3-inch Tatham’s canister.
- 19th Battery: 28 3-inch Schenkl canister.
Finally, the small arms:
All seven of the “reporting” batteries listed some small arms on hand, some more than others:
- 2nd Battery: 134 Army revolvers and 49 cavalry sabers.
- 4th Battery: 24 cavalry sabers.
- 7th Battery: 2 cavalry sabers.
- 12th Battery: 14 horse artillery sabers.
- 14th Battery: 16 cavalry sabers.
- 16th Battery: 2 Army revolvers.
- 19th Battery: 15 Army revolvers and 16 horse artillery sabers.
Other than the “everyone gets a revolver” in the 2nd Battery, we might consider this a “meager” allotment of sabers and pistols.
That concludes the lengthy summary of the Indiana batteries. Keep in mind that a quarter of these batteries were in action at the end of December 1862 at Stones River. And those batteries expended around 4,000 rounds between December 31 and January 2. Not to mention the lost guns, equipment, horses, and lives in the battle. What I am left wanting is a “before” and “after” accounting from those batteries of equipment. Such would offer a measure, on paper, of the violence seen at stones River.