Summary Statement, 4th Quarter, 1863 – New York Independent Batteries, Part 2

Let us review the fourth quarter statements for the middle dozen New York independent “light” batteries:


I say “light” as while on paper these were indeed light batteries, in actuality not all served as light batteries. We see nine returns processed. All within January or February 1864. Very tidy… relatively speaking:

  • 13th Independent Battery: Reporting from Bridgeport, Alabama with four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.  Captain William Wheeler remained in command, and the battery supported the Eleventh Corps. The battery participated in the fighting around Chattanooga in November. Using borrowed horses, the battery deployed to support Sherman’s crossing on November 22. Afterwards, the battery was part of the relief column sent to Knoxville. All told, for November, Wheeler reported expenditure of “horses, 24; ammunition, 50 Schenkl percussion, 50 Hotchkiss case, 10 Hotchkiss percussion – 110 rounds” during the month of November.
  • 14th Independent Battery: No return. The battery formally disbanded in September 1863. 
  • 15th Battery:  At Brandy Station, Virginia with four 12-pdr Napoleons.  Captain Patrick Hart commanded this battery, assigned to the 3rd Volunteer Brigade, Reserve Artillery, Army of the Potomac.
  • 16th Battery: At Newport News, Virginia with four 10-pdr Parrott Rifles. Captain Frederick L. Hiller’s battery was assigned to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.
  • 17th Battery: In Centreville, Virginia with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain George T. Anthony’s battery was at that time assigned to Tyler’s Division, the Defenses of Washington (Twenty-second Corps).
  • 18th Battery: No return. Captain Albert G. Mack’s battery remained with Nineteenth Corps, and posted to the defenses of New Orleans. Around the first of the year, the battery transferred to Baton Rouge. Likely the battery retained four 20-pdr Parrotts. 
  • 19th Battery: At Camp Barry, District of Columbia, with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Assigned to the Artillery Camp of Instruction, Twenty-second Corps.  Captain Edward W. Rogers remained in command.
  • 20th Battery: At Fort Schuyler, with no cannon (instead, they reported muskets on hand).  Captain Benjamin Franklin Ryer’s battery served as garrison artillery in the defenses of New York.  At the end of December, returns indicated Lieutenant Arthur Weicker led the battery in Ryer’s absence.
  • 21st Battery: At Port Hudson, Louisiana with four 3-inch steel guns (make and model unspecified). After the fall of Port Hudson, the battery remained at that post, as part of the Reserve Artillery of the Nineteenth Corps.  Captain James Barnes remained in command.
  • 22nd Battery: No return. Earlier in February 1863 the battery became Company M, 9th New York Heavy Artillery.  The designation remained on the clerk’s report as a placeholder.
  • 23rd Battery: Washington, North Carolina with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. With Captain Alfred Ransom on leave, Lieutenant Thomas Low led the battery at the close of the year. The 23rd was assigned to the Sub-District of Pamlico, District of North Carolina, Department of Virginia and North Carolina.
  • 24th Battery: At Plymouth, North Carolina with six 12-pdr Napoleons. This battery was assigned to the Sub-District of Albemarle, District of North Carolina, Department of Virginia and North Carolina.  Captain A. Lester Cady remained in command.

Those particulars providing the context, we move to the ammunition pages, starting with smoothbore:

  • 15th Battery: 128 shot, 64 shell, and 192 case for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 17th Battery: 288 shot, 96 shell, and 288 case for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 19th Battery: 288 shot, 96 shell, and 288 case for 12-pdr Napoelons.
  • 24th Battery: 359 shot, 214 shell, and 448 case for 12-pdr Napoleons.

More on the next page:

  • 15th Battery: 128 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 17th Battery: 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 19th Battery: 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 24th Battery: 368 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.

To the right are columns for Hotchkiss rifled projectiles:

  • 13th Battery: 160 time fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 23rd Battery: 276 time fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.

More Hotchkiss on the next page:

  • 13th Battery: 10 percussion fuse shell, 430 case shot, and 80 canister for 3-inch rifles.
  • 21st Battery: 583 case shot and 138 canister for 3-inch rifles.
  • 23rd Battery: 107 percussion fuse shell, 481 case shot, and 197 canister for 3-inch rifles.

On the next page, we review the Parrott projectiles first:

  • 16th Battery: 320 shell, 400 case, and 95 canister for 10-pdr Parrott rifles.

To the right are Schenkl listings:

  • 13th Battery: 30 shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 21st Battery: 127 shell for 3-inch rifles.

No additional cannon projectiles listed on the page which followed. So we move to the small arms:

  • 13th Battery: 14 Colt navy revolvers and 10 horse artillery sabers.
  • 15th Battery: 15 Colt navy revolvers and 5 cavalry sabers.
  • 16th Battery: 14 Colt army revolvers and 12 horse artillery sabers.
  • 17th Battery: 20 Colt army revolvers and 30 horse artillery sabers.
  • 19th Battery: 10 Colt navy revolvers, 1 cavalry saber, and 28 horse artillery sabers.
  • 20th Battery: 99 Springfield .58 caliber muskets.
  • 21st Battery: 17 Colt army revolvers and 16 horse artillery sabers.
  • 23rd Battery: 58 Colt army revolvers and 75 cavalry sabers.
  • 24th Battery: 53 Colt army revolvers.

The next page covers cartridge bags and musket ammunition:

  • 13th Battery: 139 cartridge bags for 3-inch rifles.
  • 16th Battery: 57 cartridge bags for 10-pdr Parrotts.
  • 17th Battery: 60 cartridge bags for smoothbore field pieces.
  • 19th Battery: 49 cartridge bags for smoothbore field pieces.
  • 20th Battery: 4,000 cartridges for .58 caliber muskets.
  • 21st Battery: 750 cartridge bags for 3-inch rifles.
  • 23rd Battery: 4 cartridge bags for 3-inch rifles.

Lastly we have the page covering pistol cartridges, fuses, powder, and miscellaneous articles:

  • 13th Battery: 350 navy pistol cartridges and 850 friction primers.
  • 15th Battery: 400 navy pistol cartridges; 1,577 friction primers; and 100 pistol percussion caps.
  • 16th Battery: 186 army pistol cartridges; 64 paper fuses; 606 friction primers; 19 yards of slow match; 180 pistol percussion caps; and 60 regulation percussion caps.
  • 17th Battery: 1,500 friction primers; 4 yards of slow match; and 11 portfires.
  • 19th Battery: 1,672 friction primers; 88 yards of slow match; and 47 portfires.
  • 21st Battery: 1,000 army pistol cartridges; 886 paper fuses; 3,323 friction primers; 10 yards of slow match; and 1,000 regulation percussion caps.
  • 23rd Battery: 400 army pistol cartridges; 100 pounds of cannon powder; 50 pounds of musket powder; and 50 yards of slow match.
  • 24th Battery: 380 army pistol cartridges; 1,360 friction primers; 2 yards of slow match; and 590 regulation percussion caps.

That concludes the second batch of independent batteries from New York. The last third, a “spotty” dozen, we’ll cover in the next installment.

Published by Craig Swain

"Historical marker hunter" and Civil War enthusiast.

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