Summary Statement, 4th Quarter, 1863 – New Jersey

Next we turn to the batteries from the Garden State. Five entries representing the artillerymen from New Jersey:

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As the state’s batteries were at times referenced by number, yet at others by letter, I’ll provide both here:

  • 1st Battery / Battery A: At Brandy Station, Virginia with six 10-pdr Parrotts. Captain William Hexamer remained in command.  The battery was with the Fourth Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve through the end of October. Then, with reorganizations of the reserve, moved to the Third Volunteer Brigade. 
  • 2nd Battery / Battery B: Reported at Petersburg (!), Virginia with six 12-pdr Napoleons, reflecting a July 1864 receipt date. Captain A.Judson Clark commanded the battery, and it remained with Third Corps.  And with that assignment, the battery was likely going into winter camp outside Brandy Station, though not over in the woods where Hexamer’s battery stayed.
  • 3rd Battery / Battery C: At Camp Barry, D.C. with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain Christian Woerner commanded. One of three batteries from New Jersey we find at the Artillery Camp of Instruction, Twenty-Second Corps.
  • 4th Battery / Battery D: Reporting at Camp Barry, D.C with four 12-pdr Napoleons.  Captain George T. Woodbury commanded. 
  • 5th Battery / Battery E: Also at Camp Barry with four 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain Zenas C. Warren commanded.  The third New Jersey battery in the Artillery Camp.

Turning to the ammunition, we start with those for the Napoleons:

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  • 2nd Battery: 288 shot, 96 shell, and 288 case for 12-pdr Napoleons.

Note, the three batteries in the Artillery School were not issued ammunition for service details. Such may indicate the batteries were indeed training, with ammunition issued only when required for training needs.

One entry on the next page:

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  • 2nd Battery: 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.

No Hotchkiss rounds reported. So we turn to the Parrott columns:

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  • 1st Battery: 400 shell, 480 case, and 163 canister for 10-pdr Parrott.

To the right is an entry for Schenkl shells:

  • 1st Battery: 245 shell for 10-pdr Parrott.

No additional ammunition reported for the cannon. So we turn to the small arms:

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  • 1st Battery: 14 Colt army revolvers and 26 cavalry sabers.
  • 2nd Battery: 7 Colt navy revolvers and 13 horse artillery sabers.
  • 3rd Battery: 20 Colt navy revolvers and 50 cavalry sabers.
  • 4th Battery: 20 Colt navy revolvers and 30 cavalry sabers.
  • 5th Battery: 20 Colt navy revolvers, 25 cavalry sabers, and 5 horse artillery sabers.

The next page has three entries for cartridge bags:

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  • 1st Battery: 48 cartridge bags for 10-pdr Parrotts.
  • 2nd Battery: 40 cartridge bags for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 5th Battery: 9 cartridge bags for 12-pdr Napoleons.

Lastly, we cover the entries for pistol cartridges, fuses, powder, primers, and miscellaneous articles:

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  • 1st Battery: 337 army caliber pistol cartridges; 1,042 paper fuses; and 793 friction primers.
  • 2nd Battery: 50 yards of slow match.
  • 4th Battery: 558 navy caliber pistol cartridges and 2 yards of slow match.
  • 5th Battery: 34 friction primers and 50 yards of slow match.

I find it interesting to see the differences in allocations, in particular to the ammunition, for batteries in the field and those in the school. Of course we know there was plenty of ammunition stashed around Camp Barry. However, apparently that was counted by the “school” and not assigned to the batteries. While I didn’t include those here, the allocation of implements and other equipment likewise follows pattern.

Summary Statement, 4th Quarter, 1863 – Miscellaneous New York Artillery

Below the list of independent batteries are three lines covering returns from formations either outside the listed artillery organizations or under the other branches of service. These are always good stories, often alluding to lesser known aspects of the war:

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Examining these three in detail:

  • 99th New York, U.S. Gunboat “Smith Briggs”: Reporting from Fort Monroe, Virginia with one 30-pdr Parrott Rifle. I provided a short background about this regiment and the Smith Briggs in last quarter’s summary. (I should follow up with details on this “Marine Brigade,” however) Captain John C. Lee seems to be the commander at this time (though it appears Lee had been relieved, temporarily, earlier in the year, then restored). However, there was, as indicated in the return, a change with the gunboat’s armament with a bigger Parrott rifle replacing the howitzer and 10-pdr Parrott reported in the previous quarter. This tracks with correspondence between Major-General John Foster and Rear-Admiral S. Phillips Lee from October 1863 in regard to armaments. In short, the Army needed cannon and carriages for shipboard use. And the Navy agreed to loan (not transfer) those. In February during the battle of Smithfield, the Smith Briggs suffered a shot through the boilers and was blown up. Presumably the Parrott rifle fell into Confederate hands.
  • Battery H(?), 13th New York [Heavy] Artillery: At Norfolk, Virginia, but with no cannon reported. I believe this line reflects the elements of the incomplete 36th Independent Battery which were folded into the 13th New York Heavy Artillery. Recall Charles G. Bacon was the officer raising the 36th. But with that authority receded, Bacon accepted a commission as a Lieutenant for Battery E, 13th New York Heavy in November 1863. At the end of 1863, Batteries A, B, C, and D of the 13th were assigned to Eighteenth Corps and stationed in the Norfolk area. Battery H, if that is correct for this entry, did not muster until March 1864. Further complicating a specific designation, the return was not received until August, meaning all batteries of the regiment are candidates! All may be a mute point, as the unit reported six No. 1 field carriages, assorted implements, tarps, and ammunition chests.
  • Lieutenant F.G. Comstock, Stores in Charge: Reporting at Fort Jefferson, Florida, with two 12-pdr field howitzers. The 110th New York Infantry transferred from Third Division, Nineteenth Corps to a garrison posting at Fort Jefferson in February 1864. And Lieutenant Franklin G. Comstock served as the regimental quartermaster. So the location appears to match, down to the name of the officer, for the received date of May 30, 1864, as opposed to the “reporting date” of December 1863. Turning back the calendar further, the 110th New York had an active fall, being involved with the expedition to the Teche Country in November. Perhaps the regiment used those howitzers while in Louisiana, and carried them along to Key West? Just as likely, the regiment assumed control of the howitzers after arriving at Key West for their garrison duties. Colonel Clinton H. Sage commanded the regiment through his discharge on December 10, 1863. Lieutenant-Colonel Warren D. Smith led the regiment afterward until a permanent replacement was assigned.

Looking back at last quarter’s post, there are some units that I’d submit were missed with the summary roll-up (either due to lack of return submission or clerical actions):

  • 51st New York Infantry: Had reported ordnance stores and ammunition on hand the previous quarter. Likely all were passed to other units by December.
  • 98th New York Infantry: The regiment remained posted to North Carolina. Though by this time their ordnance may have been deemed garrison equipment, and thus reported through other channels.
  • 3rd New York Cavalry, Allis’s Howitzers: I’ve detailed this section in earlier posts. If force to speculate, I’d say likely the 3rd New York retained that howitzer section through the end of the year, even if Lieutenant James A. Allis as not still in command.
  • 12th New York Cavalry, Fish’s Howitzers: This detachment, under Lieutenant Joseph M. Fish, was certainly still intact at the end of December. But was not reported here.

Those speculations aside and the details in view, we turn to the remaining pages of this summary, starting with the smoothbore ammunition:

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  • 110th New York: 100 shot for 18-pdr siege & Garrison gun; 10 shell and 36 case for 12-pdr guns (could be light, heavy, or siege).

Certainly not compatible with the howitzers reported on hand! This discrepancy continues on the next page:

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  • 110th New York: 36 canister for 12-pdr guns.

So why would the regiment have field howitzers, but ammunition for guns? Particularly all the 18-pdr shot? The details beg questions we cannot answer here.

The next page (Hotchkiss projectiles) has no entries. So we turn to the Schenkl columns:

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  • 99th New York: 30 shells for 4.2-inch rifles (30-pdr Parrotts).

As there are no other tallies of projectiles, we are left with the suggestion that Smith Briggs‘ guns were short of ammunition!

A lone entry on the small arms page:

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  • 99th New York: 5 Enfield muskets, .58-caliber.

This is an unconventional inclusion. Normally the small arms issued to the infantry were tallied on separate returns. This implies the five Enfields were assigned to the crew of the Smith Briggs, operating as gun crews. And the 99th had plenty of ammunition for those muskets:

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  • 99th New York: 2,000 musket cartridges for .54-caliber and 1,000 musket cartridges for .58-caliber.

So even within the small arms reporting, we see entries which beg questions.

The last page offers no such question marks:

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  • 99th New York: 40 friction primers.

If anything, these miscellaneous entries set up follow-on postings to better describe the nature of service. For the New Yorkers, I’ve got those taskings. The Marine Brigade and those cavalry howitzer sections deserve more story-telling.

Summary Statement, 4th Quarter, 1863 – New York Independent Batteries, Part 3

The last dozen in dependent batteries from New York, the 25th through 36th Batteries, feature several story lines which had not played out by the end of 1863. Thus the listing is incomplete and lacking in some respects. And, we see just nine lines:

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But we’ll discuss all twelve here in order to fill in the gaps:

  • 25th Battery: No return.  Recall, while in transit to New Orleans in January, this battery’s transport wrecked.  This “hard luck” battery remained at New Orleans, assigned to the Fourth Division, Nineteenth Corps through October as part of the city defenses.  Captain John A. Grow remained in command.  Earlier in the year, the battery reported four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. A detachment from the battery saw action at Vermilionville, Louisiana as part of an expedition to the Teche Campaign in November.
  • 26th Battery: Reprting at Thibodaux, Louisiana, with four 12-pdr Napoleons.  Also suffering loss in the January shipwreck, the 26th was, at the reporting time, part of the District of LaFourche. Captain George W. Fox remained in command of the battery.
  • 27th Battery: At Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with four 12-pdr Napoleons.  As part of the Department of the Susquehanna the battery was the artillery complement to the garrison of Philadelphia. Captain John B. Eaton commanded this battery.
  • 28th Battery: At Fort Schuyler, New York with no artillery listed.  The battery served at Fort Schuyler and Sandy Hook.  Captain Josiah C. Hannum retained command. Though in his absence, Lieutenant Ira W. Steward led the battery at the end of the year.
  • 29th Battery: No return. After July 1863, remaining enlistments with this battery transferred to the 32nd Battery (below).  Lieutenant Bernard Wever was the ranking officer left with the battery.
  • 30th Battery: At Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, with six 12-pdr Napoleons.  Captain Alfred Von Kleiser remained in command.   The battery was assigned to Second Brigade, First Division, Department of West Virginia.
  • 31st Battery: No return.  Captain Gustav Von Blucher was in command.  The battery appears in the Department of West Virginia. But as it was reduced, with many of the men attached to the 30th Battery, the battery was in effect only a paper designation. Von Blucher himself was serving as a staff officer with the Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac.
  • 32nd Battery: At Sandy Hook, Maryland with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.  Captain Charles Kusserow remained in command.  The battery served alongside the 30th in Second Brigade, First Division, Department of West Virginia.
  • 33rd Battery:  At Camp Barry, District of Columbia with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.  This freshly recruited battery served at the Artillery Camp of Instruction, in the Department of Washington (Twenty-second Corps).   Captain Algar M. Wheeler commanded. 
  • 34th Battery: Not listed. This number was reserved for Battery L, 2nd New York Artillery. Captain Jacob Roemer’s battery, then serving in 1st Division, Ninth Corps, officially took it’s “Independent” number in November. The battery operated near Knoxville in December 1863. For unknown reasons, the clerks failed to account for this battery under either the new or old designation. The battery maintained four 3-inch rifles.
  • 35th Battery: Not listed. Authorized on July 9.  Captain James B. Caryle was given the commission to recruit the battery.  But it never completed organization.  The authority was recalled. The recruited men were assigned to Battery A, 16th New York Heavy Artillery.
  • 36th Battery:  Not listed.  On August 11, 1863, Captain Charles Graham Bacon was authorized to recruit this battery. On October 14, authority was revoked and the men recruited by that time were transferred to the 13th New York Heavy Artillery. We will see this battery accounted for with in the miscellaneous listings to follow.

For those batteries filing returns, we look to the ammunition on hand. Starting with smoothbore:

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  • 26th Battery: 148 shot, 12 shell, and 48 case for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 27th Battery: 192 shot, 64 shell, and 192 case for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 30th Battery: 308 shot, 128 shell, and 320 case for 12-pdr Napoleons.

Continuing on to the next page:

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  • 26th Battery: 12 canister for 12-pdr Napoleon.
  • 27th Battery: 64 canister for 12-pdr Napoleon.
  • 30th Battery: 112 canister for 12-pdr Napoleon.

Only one of the rifled gun batteries reported Hotchkiss rounds on hand:

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  • 32nd Battery: 114 Hotchkiss case shot and 120 Hotchkiss canister for 3-inch rifles.

So the 33rd, being a new battery, presumably training hard at the artillery school, was not entrusted with ammunition… yet. The 32nd’s accounting continues on the next page with Schenkl projectiles:

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  • 32nd Battery: 583 Schenkl shell for 3-inch rifles.

And another entry on the next page:

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  • 32nd Battery: 383 Schenkl case shot.

All six reporting batteries indicated small arms on hand:

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  • 26th Battery: 17 Colt army revolvers, 12 cavalry sabers, and 11 horse artillery sabers.
  • 27th Battery: 17 Colt army revolvers, 30 cavalry sabers, and 10 horse artillery sabers.
  • 28th Battery: 145 Springfield muskets, .58-caliber.
  • 30th Battery: 13 Colt army revolvers and 64 cavalry sabers.
  • 32nd Battery: 9 Colt navy revolvers, 36 cavalry sabers, and 11 foot artillery swords.
  • 33rd Battery: 20 Colt navy revolvers and 30 horse artillery sabers.

Yes, some of those foot artillery swords were issued… allegedly.

Turning to the cartridge bags reported:

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  • 26th Battery: 100 cartridge bags for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 27th Battery: 10 cartridge bags for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 32nd Battery: 1,237 cartridge bags for 3-inch rifles.
  • 33rd Battery: 50 cartridge bags for 3-inch rifles.

So we see that while in training the 33rd Battery was allowed to “make noise” but not “send things downrange!”

Finally to the last page for pistol cartridges, fuses, and miscellaneous articles:

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  • 26th Battery: 700 army pistol cartridges and 800 friction primers.
  • 27th Battery: 25 army pistol cartridges; 700 friction primers; and 500 regulation percussion caps.
  • 30th Battery: 48 army pistol cartridges; 500 friction primers; 38 yards of slow match; 60 pistol percussion caps; and 116 portfires.
  • 32nd Battery: 200 navy pistol cartridges; 1,086 paper fuses; and 2,009 friction primers.
  • 33rd Battery: 100 friction primers and 50 yards of slow match.

This concludes the independent batteries from New York, including some gaps. But we are not finished with the state. Below the independent batteries were three lines covering miscellaneous entries outside the normal unit organization. We’ll review those next.