Summary Statement, 4th Quarter, 1863 – Kentucky

Kentucky before Kansas… in the non-alphabetic order used by the Ordnance Department:


Within this section, the clerks tallied four batteries. There were actually five on the rolls as of December 1863. So let us fill in that blank as we proceed through the list:

  • 1st Battery (or Battery A):  At Murfreesboro with two 6-pdr field guns, one 3-inch Ordnance Rifles, and two 3.80-inch James Rifles.  Captain Theodore S. Thomasson remained in command.  And the battery remained unattached artillery in the Army of the Cumberland. Their main activity was guarding the railroad line, either in garrison or supporting patrols along the lines.
  • 2nd Battery (or Battery B): At Lebanon, Kentucky with four 6-pdr field guns and two 3-inch rifles.  Captain John M. Hewett’s battery was also serving as unattached artillery in the Army of the Cumberland, assigned to defend the railroad lines. However, returns have it at Elk River Bridge, Tennessee. The placename given on this line does not match with the known service history of the battery. See next entry.
  • 3rd Battery (or Battery C): Not listed. This battery formed (but didn’t muster) in May 1863 at Lebanon, Kentucky. Captain John W. Neville commanded. However, as related in earlier quarters, the battery was captured, while still being organized, by General John H. Morgan’s forces on July 3 (along with the rest of the town’s garrison). They were released shortly after. Not until September did the battery formally muster. At that time, Neville had the battery at Lousiville. Later in the fall, the battery returned to Lebanon as part of the District of Southern Central Kentucky, Twenty-Third Corps. Likely the clerks conflated details between the 2nd and 3rd Batteries, leading to one confused entry. Though it is not clear what cannon Neville’s battery had on hand.
  • Battery D: Well there was no Battery D from Kentucky. I’ll leave this placeholder as an explanatory note.
  • Battery E: At Point Isabel (now Burnside), Kentucky, with two 6-pdr field guns and two 3.67-inch rifled 6-pdrs.  Captain John J. Hawes’ battery formally mustered on October 6, 1863. They were assigned to First Division, Twenty-Third Corps.
  • Simmonds’ Independent Battery, also 1st Kentucky Independent Battery: At Charleston, West Virginia with six 10-pdr Parrotts. This was Captain Seth J. Simmonds’ battery then stationed at Camp Toland, outside Charleston.  The battery remained part of Scammon’s Division, Department of West Virginia.

Those particulars established, and the omission of Neville’s Battery noted, we move on to the ammunition reported, starting with smoothbore:

  • 1st Battery: 220 shot and 180 case for 6-pdr field guns.
  • 2nd Battery: 392 shot and 252 case for 6-pdr field guns.
  • Battery E: 203 shot and 152 case for 6-pdr field guns.

Canister on the following page:

  • 1st Battery: 111 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
  • 2nd Battery: 108 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
  • Battery E: 40 canister for 6-pdr field guns.

To the right are columns reporting Hotchkiss rounds:

  • 1st Battery: 70 time fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 2nd Battery: 50 shot and 150 time fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • Battery E: 98 time fuse shell for 3.67-inch rifles.

More Hotchkiss reported on the following page:


  • 1st Battery: 68 percussion fuse shell, 140 bullet shell, and 65 canister for 3-inch rifles; 40 canister for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • 2nd Battery: 100 bullet shell and 100 canister for 3-inch rifles.
  • Battery E: 48 percussion fuse shell, 96 bullet shell, and 56 canister for 3.67-inch rifles.

To the right on this page are James projectiles:

  • 1st Battery: 12 shot, 66 shell, and 110 canister for 3.80-inch rifles.

The next page we find Parrott rounds for those guns in West Virginia:

  • Simmonds’ Battery: 1,027 shell, 502 case, and 265 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts. Well stocked indeed.

On the right of this page are entries for Schenkl projectiles:

  • 1st Battery: 250 shell for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • Simmonds’ Battery: 69 shell for 10-pdr Parrott.

No additional projectiles tallied. So we move to the small arms:

  • 1st Battery: Fourteen Colt navy revolvers, ten cavalry sabers, and twenty-five horses artillery sabers.
  • 2nd Battery: Eight Springfield muskets (.58 caliber), thirty Colt navy revolvers, and thirty horse artillery sabers.
  • Battery E: Thirty horse artillery sabers.
  • Simmonds’ Battery: Twenty-three Colt army revolvers, ten horse artillery sabers, and twenty foot artillery swords.

Cartridge bags reported on the page that followed:

  • 1st Battery: 249 bags for 3-inch rifles and 319 for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • 2nd Battery: 100 bags for 3-inch rifles and 32 for 6-pdr field guns.
  • Battery E: 200 bags for 6-pdr field guns.
  • Simmonds’ Battery: 1,691 cartridge bags for 10-pdr Parrotts.

Lastly, columns for small arms cartridges, fuses, and other articles:

  • 2nd Battery: 120 friction primers and 50 yards of slow match.
  • Battery E: 75 paper fuses.
  • Simmonds’ Battery: 500 navy caliber pistol cartridges; 2,543 paper fuses; 3,645 friction primers; 56 yards of slow match; and 500 percussion caps.

We turn next to Kansas… which is next down on the summary pages.


3 thoughts on “Summary Statement, 4th Quarter, 1863 – Kentucky

  1. I can’t imagine commanding some of these batteries in combat, with the bizarre mix of calibers/types and ordnance. Any idea on what’s up with the stocks of slow match in two batteries?

    • Well, match was a standard issue item at the time. It was considered a backup primer option. So it is not out of the ordinary for them to have such on hand. As to the large quantities, we’d have to ask about the supply system.

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