Summary Statement, 4th Quarter, 1863 – Kentucky

Kentucky before Kansas… in the non-alphabetic order used by the Ordnance Department:

0329_1_Snip_KY

Within this section, the clerks tallied four batteries. There were actually five on the rolls as of December 1863. So let us fill in that blank as we proceed through the list:

  • 1st Battery (or Battery A):  At Murfreesboro with two 6-pdr field guns, one 3-inch Ordnance Rifles, and two 3.80-inch James Rifles.  Captain Theodore S. Thomasson remained in command.  And the battery remained unattached artillery in the Army of the Cumberland. Their main activity was guarding the railroad line, either in garrison or supporting patrols along the lines.
  • 2nd Battery (or Battery B): At Lebanon, Kentucky with four 6-pdr field guns and two 3-inch rifles.  Captain John M. Hewett’s battery was also serving as unattached artillery in the Army of the Cumberland, assigned to defend the railroad lines. However, returns have it at Elk River Bridge, Tennessee. The placename given on this line does not match with the known service history of the battery. See next entry.
  • 3rd Battery (or Battery C): Not listed. This battery formed (but didn’t muster) in May 1863 at Lebanon, Kentucky. Captain John W. Neville commanded. However, as related in earlier quarters, the battery was captured, while still being organized, by General John H. Morgan’s forces on July 3 (along with the rest of the town’s garrison). They were released shortly after. Not until September did the battery formally muster. At that time, Neville had the battery at Lousiville. Later in the fall, the battery returned to Lebanon as part of the District of Southern Central Kentucky, Twenty-Third Corps. Likely the clerks conflated details between the 2nd and 3rd Batteries, leading to one confused entry. Though it is not clear what cannon Neville’s battery had on hand.
  • Battery D: Well there was no Battery D from Kentucky. I’ll leave this placeholder as an explanatory note.
  • Battery E: At Point Isabel (now Burnside), Kentucky, with two 6-pdr field guns and two 3.67-inch rifled 6-pdrs.  Captain John J. Hawes’ battery formally mustered on October 6, 1863. They were assigned to First Division, Twenty-Third Corps.
  • Simmonds’ Independent Battery, also 1st Kentucky Independent Battery: At Charleston, West Virginia with six 10-pdr Parrotts. This was Captain Seth J. Simmonds’ battery then stationed at Camp Toland, outside Charleston.  The battery remained part of Scammon’s Division, Department of West Virginia.

Those particulars established, and the omission of Neville’s Battery noted, we move on to the ammunition reported, starting with smoothbore:

0331_1_Snip_KY
  • 1st Battery: 220 shot and 180 case for 6-pdr field guns.
  • 2nd Battery: 392 shot and 252 case for 6-pdr field guns.
  • Battery E: 203 shot and 152 case for 6-pdr field guns.

Canister on the following page:

0331_2_Snip_KY
  • 1st Battery: 111 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
  • 2nd Battery: 108 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
  • Battery E: 40 canister for 6-pdr field guns.

To the right are columns reporting Hotchkiss rounds:

  • 1st Battery: 70 time fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 2nd Battery: 50 shot and 150 time fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • Battery E: 98 time fuse shell for 3.67-inch rifles.

More Hotchkiss reported on the following page:

0332_1_Snip_KY

  • 1st Battery: 68 percussion fuse shell, 140 bullet shell, and 65 canister for 3-inch rifles; 40 canister for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • 2nd Battery: 100 bullet shell and 100 canister for 3-inch rifles.
  • Battery E: 48 percussion fuse shell, 96 bullet shell, and 56 canister for 3.67-inch rifles.

To the right on this page are James projectiles:

  • 1st Battery: 12 shot, 66 shell, and 110 canister for 3.80-inch rifles.

The next page we find Parrott rounds for those guns in West Virginia:

0332_2_Snip_KY
  • Simmonds’ Battery: 1,027 shell, 502 case, and 265 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts. Well stocked indeed.

On the right of this page are entries for Schenkl projectiles:

  • 1st Battery: 250 shell for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • Simmonds’ Battery: 69 shell for 10-pdr Parrott.

No additional projectiles tallied. So we move to the small arms:

0333_2_Snip_KY
  • 1st Battery: Fourteen Colt navy revolvers, ten cavalry sabers, and twenty-five horses artillery sabers.
  • 2nd Battery: Eight Springfield muskets (.58 caliber), thirty Colt navy revolvers, and thirty horse artillery sabers.
  • Battery E: Thirty horse artillery sabers.
  • Simmonds’ Battery: Twenty-three Colt army revolvers, ten horse artillery sabers, and twenty foot artillery swords.

Cartridge bags reported on the page that followed:

0334_2_Snip_KY
  • 1st Battery: 249 bags for 3-inch rifles and 319 for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • 2nd Battery: 100 bags for 3-inch rifles and 32 for 6-pdr field guns.
  • Battery E: 200 bags for 6-pdr field guns.
  • Simmonds’ Battery: 1,691 cartridge bags for 10-pdr Parrotts.

Lastly, columns for small arms cartridges, fuses, and other articles:

0335_1_Snip_KY
  • 2nd Battery: 120 friction primers and 50 yards of slow match.
  • Battery E: 75 paper fuses.
  • Simmonds’ Battery: 500 navy caliber pistol cartridges; 2,543 paper fuses; 3,645 friction primers; 56 yards of slow match; and 500 percussion caps.

We turn next to Kansas… which is next down on the summary pages.

Advertisements

Summary Statement, 4th Quarter, 1863 – The Indian Home Guard

Below the listing of Iowa’s summaries is this short section with the heading “Indian Brigade”:

0319_1_Snip_IB

In earlier quarters, we’ve discussed the origins of the Indian Brigade, or more specifically the units in the Indian Home Guard. For the second and third quarters, only a section from 3rd Indian Home Guard Regiment appeared in the summaries. Here, we find two entries. The lower of the two is consistent with earlier quarters. But the upper line is a fresh field to consider:

  • Company E, 2nd Indian Home Guards: Actually reading “2nd Infy’ | Arty Stores|” or something along those lines. The unit is reporting from Fort Gibson… indicated as “Arkansas” but this should read “Cherokee Nation” or “Indian Territories.” During the war, the post was sometimes cited as Fort Blunt. The line reports two 12-pdr field howitzers. No leads as to who was in charge of this pair of howitzers. But in the time period we are reviewing, Major Moses B.C. Wright commanded the 2nd Indian Home Guards.
  • Company L, 3rd Indian Home Guards: And again to be precise this line reads “3rd Infy’ Indian Home Guard, Stores.” No location given, but the 3rd was also operating out of Fort Gibson/Blunt. The report indicates three 12-pdr mountain howitzers. We have connected Captain Solomon Kaufman with these cannon in previous quarters.

At the end of December, 1863, the Indian Home Guards were part of the First Brigade, District of the Frontier, Department of Missouri. Colonel William A. Phillips, who’d led the organization of these guards, led the brigade, with his headquarters at Fort Gibson/Blunt. In addition to the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Indian Home Guards, the brigade included the 14th Kansas Cavalry. Their mission was to maintain the lines between Fort Gibson, Fort Smith, and other Federal strongholds in the district. With that charge, these regiments did a lot of patrolling, with much interaction with Confederate forces operating in the same area.

The details about the artillery use of these units remains an unclear and imprecise area of my studies. Certainly these cannon were employed to defend the post. And at times they are used to support patrols. As mentioned in the second quarter discussion, the mountain howitzers were used at Cabin Creek in July 1863. Beyond that, I can only speculate.

Turning to the ammunition reported, howitzers need shells and case shot:

0321_1_Snip_IB
  • 2nd Home Guards: 130 shell and 124 case for 12-pdr field howitzers.
  • 3rd Home Guards: 50 case for 12-pdr mountain howitzers.

And canister on the next page:

0321_2_Snip_IB
  • 2nd Home Guards: 19 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers.
  • 3rd Home Guards: 60 canister for 12-pdr mountain howitzers.

No rifled projectiles were reported on hand, of course. So we move to the small arms:

0323_2_Snip_IB
  • 2nd Home Guards: Three .69-caliber musketoons, 31 Sharps’ .52-caliber rifles, and one Colt navy revolver.
  • 3rd Home Guards: One Sharps’ .52-caliber cabine and 33 Sharps’ .52-caliber rifles.

And those Sharps’ needed cartridges:

0324_2_Snip_IB
  • 2nd Home Guards: 1,000 Sharps cartridges.

As for powder, not much reported:

0325_1_Snip_IB
  • 3rd Home Guards: Two pounds of musket powder.

The presence of even a small number of howitzers at the advance post of Fort Gibson was an important resource in the hands of Federal commanders in this theater of war. On the Confederate side, several officers noted the lack of artillery supporting their allies from the tribes. And the Federals were keen to maintain their edge in regard to the artillery. In correspondence dated February 11, 1864, sent to Colonel Phillips in Fort Gibson, Major-General Samuel Curtis noted that more artillery was needed at that post. Underscoring that desire, three days later Curtis communicated to Major-General Henry Halleck, in Washington, his designs to strengthen the hold in the Indian Territories, pointing out, “Fort Gibson has been fortified by the volunteers, making it a pretty safe position; but some finishing and repairing are necessary, and two or three good siege guns would be a great additional strength.”

Yes, a couple of heavy guns in the blockhouses would ensure control of the Arkansas River. And with that a sizable portion of the territory beyond. However, there is no indication Halleck considered Curtis’ request.

Summary Statement, 4th Quarter, 1863 – Iowa’s Batteries

Iowa became a state just a decade and a half prior to the outbreak of the Civil War. In those antebellum years, Iowa transitioned from a frontier state into one with a growing industrialization, all the while retaining its strong agrarian base (which is still there to this day). While not a populous state, Iowa sent over 10% of its population into uniform for the war (76,242 men in arms out of a total population of 674,913 in 1860). And of that total, we have focused on the story of four batteries and one attached artillery section within the scope of these summaries. For the fourth quarter, 1863, summary, the clerks at the Ordnance Department tallied three batteries and the attached section. They omitted the 4th Iowa Battery, which had just mustered in November.

0319_1_Snip_Iowa
  • 1st Iowa Battery: Reporting from Woodville, Alabama with one 12-pdr field howitzer and three 10-pdr Parrotts. Captain Henry H. Griffiths commanded, however he also served as division artillery chief and also departed in December on recruiting duty.  In his place Lieutenants William H. Gay led the battery. The battery remained with First Division, Fifteenth Corps, participating in the relief of Chattanooga in November. Afterwards, the battery followed its parent formation into winter quarters in northern Alabama.  The armament listed is noteworthy. The battery reported its long-serving smoothbores were worn out. And starting in December they received new Parrott rifles.
  • 2nd Iowa Battery: Reporting at LaGrange, Tennessee with two 6-pdr field guns and two 12-pdr field howitzers. As Captain Nelson T. Spoor served as division artillery chief, Lieutenant Joseph R. Reed led this battery. The battery remained with Third Division, Fifteenth Corps, and moved to Memphis with that formation in early November.  As part of the movement toward Chattanooga, the battery was assigned to the garrison guarding the railroad lines in vicinity of LaGrange. And with that assignment, the battery transferred to the First Division, Sixteenth Corps.
  • 3rd Iowa Battery: At Little Rock, Arkansas with two 6-pdr field guns, two 12-pdr field howitzers, one 3-inch Ordnance Rifle, and one 10-pdr Parrott. Captain Mortimer M. Hayden remained in command, but served in staff positions. Lieutenant Melville C. Wright led the battery in his absence.  The battery served in the Third Division, Department of Arkansas (which would become the Seventh Corps later in 1864). After accompanying an expedition to Arkadelphia, the battery returned to Little Rock and remained there through the winter.
  • 4th Iowa Battery:  Not listed.  Captain Philip H. Goode’s battery mustered on September 24, 1863. They had two 12-pdr Napoleons and four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. The battery’s first assignment was to the Department of the Northwest. But that was a short posting. By February the battery was moving to St. Louis, with New Orleans as their ultimate destination.
  • Section attached to 2nd Cavalry –  At Collierville, Tennessee with two 12-pdr Napoleons, two 12-pdr mountain howitzers, and two 10-pdr Parrotts. However, I think, based on the ammunition reported, the section had two 12-pdr field howitzers instead of the Napoleons. And section? Well, more like a battery.   Recall from our discussion in the previous quarter, Lieutenant Perry L. Reed is mentioned in charge of two howitzers in a dispatch from November.  So he is likely the officer in charge of these cannon. Still, that’s a lot of cannon for a bunch of cavalrymen to handle. The 2nd Iowa Cavalry was part of the First Cavalry Division, Sixteenth Corps and operated in the Memphis area at this time of the war.

We have a majority of smoothbore cannon in the aggregate, so we have a lot of smoothbore rounds to talk about:

0321_1_Snip_Iowa
  • 2nd Battery: 57 shot and 42 case for 6-pdr field guns; 74 shell and 20 case for 12-pdr field howitzers.
  • 3rd Battery: 175 shot and 165 case for 6-pdr field guns; 109 shell and 156 case for 12-pdr field howitzers.
  • 2nd Cavalry: 94 shell and 163 case for 12-pdr field howitzers; 192 shell and 192 case for 12-pdr mountain howitzer. (The ammunition tallies are why I suggested the 2nd Cavalry had howitzers vice Napoleons).

Continuing smoothbore ammunition totals on the next page:

0321_2_Snip_Iowa
  • 2nd Battery: 80 canister for 6-pdr field guns; 60 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers.
  • 3rd Battery: 60 canister for 6-pdr field guns; 32 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers.
  • 2nd Cavalry: 52 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers; 276 canister for 12-pdr mountain howitzers.

To the right is one entry of Hotchkiss rifled projectiles:

  • 3rd Battery: 40 Hotchkiss time fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.

More Hotchkiss on the next page:

0322_1_Snip_Iowa
  • 3rd Battery: 40 Percussion fuse shell and 60 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.

Next we have Parrott projectiles:

0322_2_Snip_Iowa
  • 1st Battery: 218 shell, 6 case, and 3 canister for 10-pdr Parrott.
  • 3rd Battery: 130 shell, 99 case, and 45 canister for 10-pdr Parrott.

No quantities on the next page, so we move to the small arms:

0323_2_Snip_Iowa
  • 1st Battery: Eleven cavalry sabers.
  • 2nd Battery: Four cavalry sabers.
  • 3rd Battery: Three Colt navy revolvers, two cavalry sabers, and nine horse artillery sabers.

Not much in the way of cartridges:

0324_2_Snip_Iowa
  • 3rd Battery: 50 cartridge bags for 3-inch rifles.
0325_1_Snip_Iowa
  • 3rd Battery: 50 paper fuses; 1,000 friction primers; and 1,000 percussion caps.
  • 2nd Cavalry: 360 friction primers.

That rounds out our look at the status of the Iowa batteries, as they were in December 1863… at least according to the Ordnance Department. Next up… the not-well-known Indian Home Guard Brigade.

Summary Statement, 4th Quarter, 1863 – 89th Indiana Infantry

Below the listing for Indiana’s independent batteries is one lone line for an artillery section assigned to the 89th Indiana Infantry:

0319_1_Snip_IND_MISC
  • Company I, 89th Indiana Infantry: Reporting at Memphis, Tennessee with one 6-pdr field gun.

Recall back to the 3rd quarter summaries, when discussing Tennessee batteries, that I mentioned “Hurlbut’s Battery.” That unit was not named in the summaries, but is referenced in several other sources as being formed in the summer of 1863. In short, the battery formed as an expedient to support expeditions out of Memphis by the “River Guard” operating against Confederate irregulars and some lawless bands harassing river traffic. With two James rifles and two 6-pdr field guns drawn from the garrison’s stocks, men from the 89th Indiana, Battery I of the 1st Illinois Artillery, and other units stationed in Memphis formed this ersatz battery. So it makes sense this entry appears under the Indiana listings, at least in part.

Recall also back in the 3rd quarter we had a listing for the 87th Indiana with… you guessed it… a lonely 6-pdr field gun, but at Vicksburg, Mississippi sometime in June 1864. Specifically, “Lieutenant Colonel, 87th Indiana.” As I said at that time, the entry didn’t make sense when cross referenced against the service history of the 87th. That regiment was part of the Army of the Cumberland and never, as far as I can tell, operated in Mississippi. Much less had any stay in Vicksburg. In June 1864, that regiment was involved with the Atlanta Campaign.

But relooking that entry, and considering this 4th quarter entry, I suggest the clerks at the Ordnance Department made a transcription error in the 3rd quarter. That actually should have referenced the 89th. Such matches up with the 89th’s service history.

The 89th Indiana mustered in August 1862. Shortly after, the regiment proceeded to Louisville, Kentucky in response to the Confederate advance into that state. The 89th was part of the Munfordsville garrison when that place was invested by Confederates. They surrendered on September 17, and paroled. After the formalities of exchange, the regiment proceeded to Memphis becoming part of that city’s garrison. The regiment remained there until January 1864, having participated in several expeditions in west Tennessee and along the Mississippi River. In late January 1864, the regiment moved down the river as part of the force dispatched for the Red River Campaign. In May 1864, the regiment moved to Vicksburg and operated out of that place until July (strengthening the case that the 3rd quarter entry should have read “89th”). In July, the regiment participated in an expedition to Tupelo, Mississippi, as part of General A.J. Smith’s Right Wing of the Sixteenth Corps (sort of a “fire brigade” of the western theater at this time of the war). Later, in September, the regiment moved with its parent units to Missouri, where Confederate General Sterling Price was making a grand raid. Following the conclusion of that campaign, the 89th and the rest of Smith’s command rushed to Nashville in response to another Confederate offensive. In 1865, the regiment was among those forces sent to the Gulf Coast to operate against Mobile’s defenses. They were mustered out in July 1865. Suffice to say, the 89th was a well traveled regiment, which saw its share of action.

But what about those cannons? And who was in charge of those?

As mentioned in the 3rd quarter discussion, correspondence from Memphis indicate “Hurlbut’s Battery” included a pair of James rifles and a pair of 6-pdrs. We only have one 6-pdr accounted for on this summary statement. Perhaps, as the need diminished in the fall, the temporary battery decreased to one 6-pdr. Around this time the USCT regiments of heavy artillery then assigned to Memphis were nearing full organization. Those units started taking over some of the “River Guard” duties, and presumably some of the cannon.

Colonel Charles D. Murray commanded the 89th through the war. His staff included Lieutenant Colonel Hervey Craven, Major George Cubberly, Major Samuel Henry, and Major Joseph P. Winters. Recall it was Cubberly who commanded the “River Guard” out of Memphis when formed in 1863. Cubberly resigned in June of that year, and it is not clear who took over command. Major Henry was Cubberly’s replacement, presumably taking over the “River Guard” at least until the regiment moved south in January 1864. And Henry SHOULD be familiar to readers. He was killed by Confederate irregulars in November 1864, at Greenton, Missouri. Winters was the last major of the regiment.

But there should be someone in charge of that one reported cannon. As mentioned earlier, Lieutenant Albert Cudney of Battery I, 1st Illinois Artillery led “Hurlbut’s Battery” during the summer of 1863. With the guns presumably reassigned, Cudney likely returned to his normal duties. But at least one of those 6-pdrs remained with the 89th Indiana. Specifically, Company I, 89th Indiana. And in that company was Lieutenant John J. Chubb, who was acting ordnance officer for the regiment through the late summer of 1863 and into 1864. So he’s the “front-runner” for being the fellow who filled out the ordnance return which fed into this summary statement entry.

A wide-ranging story and a lot of speculation about that one entry line. But I’m rather certain we are tying up the lose ends by attributing this line to the “River Guard”… at least what remained of it in December 1863.

Turning to the summary itself, they did report ammunition on hand:

0321_1_Snip_IND_MISC
  • Company I, 89th Infantry: 76 shot and 112 case for 6-pdr field guns.
0321_2_Snip_IND_MISC
  • Company I, 89th Infantry: 52 canister for 6-pdr field guns.

Aside from implements and other equipage, the other items reported are cartridges:

0324_2_Snip_IND_MISC
  • Company I, 89th Infantry: 42 cartridge bags for 6-pdr field guns and 1,000 cartridges for Burnside’s carbines.

Lastly, some pistol ammunition on hand:

0325_1_Snip_IND_MISC
  • Company I, 89th Infantry: 1,000 army and 1,000 navy pistol cartridges.

I have to assume the regiment’s small arms were reported on the appropriate “infantry” forms for the same period. I do not have access to those. But the presence of the carbine and pistol cartridges suggests the 89th Infantry used those weapons in their “River Guard” duties.

Thus we can close the summary entries for Indiana with this look at the 89th Indiana Infantry. Sort of full circle from our start with the 1st Indiana Heavy Artillery, which mustered as infantry and were reorganized as artillery. The well-traveled 89th also did their time serving cannons during the war.

Summary Statement, 4th Quarter, 1863 – Indiana Independent Batteries, Part 2

We continue with the Indiana independent batteries in this installment, working from the 14th Battery through to the bottom of the list, beyond the 24th Battery to Wilder’s Battery (which would become the 26th Battery):

0319_1_Snip_IND_Ind2
  • 14th Battery: At Corinth, Mississippi with three 6-pdr field guns and one 3-inch Ordnance Rifle.  Lieutenant Francis W. Morse remained in command (Captain Meredith H. Kidd was not with the battery at this time of the war).  The battery supported 2nd Division, Sixteenth Corps, part of the Post of Corinth. The battery moved from LaGrange to Pocahontas, Tennessee in the first half of October. Then moved to Corinth in late November.
  • 15th Battery: Reporting at Knoxville, Tennessee with four 3-inch rifles.  Captain John C. H. von Sehlen remained in command. Battery moved around with organizational changes in the Department of the Ohio.   Transferred from the Twenty-third Corps in November to the Department’s Cavalry Division. Then moved to the 2nd Division, Ninth Corps by the end of December. The battery participated in the siege of Knoxville.
  • 16th Battery: A return of Fort Washington, Maryland without any guns listed.  Lieutenant Charles R. Deming’s battery were part of the Washington Defenses. This former light battery now served as heavy artillery, for all practical purposes garrison infantry.
  • 17th Battery: At Harpers Ferry, Maryland, with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Captain Milton L. Miner’s battery remained with the Maryland Heights Division, Department of West Virginia. 
  • 18th Battery:  No Return. Captain Eli Lilly’s battery transferred, as part of wider reorganizations to 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland.  The battery spent most of the fall supporting cavalry responding to Confederate raids. In action at Mossy Creek, Tennessee on December 29, Lilly mentioned only five 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.
  • 19th Battery: Reporting at Chattanooga, Tennessee with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain Samuel J. Harris’s battery supported Fourteenth Corps. In October, when the 4th Division was collapsed, the battery moved to the 3rd Division of that corps.
  • 20th Battery:  At Bridgeport, Alabama with two 6-pdr field guns and four 3.80-inch James rifles.  In October, Captain Milton A. Osborne’s battery moved out of Nashville, as part of the effort to secure supply lines to Chattanooga. On paper, still part of the Garrison of Nashville, the battery wintered at Bridgeport.
  • 21st Battery:  No location offered, but with four 20-pdr Parrotts (having given up their Napoleons).  Captain William W. Andrew’s battery transferred out of the Fourteenth Corps to the Army of the Cumberland’s Artillery Reserve, under October reorganizations.  The battery was stationed at Chattanooga during the winter.
  • 22nd Battery: At Camp Nelson, Kentucky with four 12-pdr Napoleons and two 10-pdr Parrotts.  Under Captain Benjamin F. Denning, this battery was assigned to the Second Division, Twenty-Third Corps, Army of the Ohio.  In December, the battery moved to Point Burnside, Kentucky. Well into 1864, the battery served in the Department of Southwestern Kentucky.
  • 23rd Battery:  Reporting at Knoxville, Tennessee with six 3.80-inch James Rifles.  Captain James H. Myers’ battery remained under Twenty-Third Corps.  Moving by way of the Cumberland Gap, the battery was among the forces operating around Morristown at the start of October. In December, the battery covered Bull’s Gap. The battery wintered along the Clinch River.
  • 24th Battery: Also reporting at Knoxville and also with six 3.80-inch James rifles. Captain Joseph A. Sims resigned on December 7. Lieutenant Alexander Hardy replaced him. As part of the Twenty-Third Corps, the battery saw action during the Confederate attempt to retake Knoxville. On November 16, the battery played an important role driving back those Confederates.
  • 25th Battery:  No return. The 25th would not organize until the late summer of 1864.  So this is simply a placeholder line.
  • 26th Battery or Wilder Battery: Also at Knoxville, but with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.  Recall this battery was first organized by (then) Captain John T. Wilder, later colonel of the famous “Lightning Brigade.” Though given the 26th as a designation in early 1864, through most of the war the battery was cited as Wilder’s.  Captain Hubbard T. Thomas commanded the battery, assigned to the Twenty-Third Corps.  The battery participated in the Siege of Knoxville.

We turn then to the ammunition, starting with the smoothbore rounds reported:

0321_1_Snip_IND_Ind2
  • 14th Battery: 608 shot and 500 case for 6-pdr field guns.
  • 19th Battery: 73 shot, 80 shell, and 178 case for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 20th Battery: 189 shot and 170 case for 6-pdr field guns.
  • 22nd Battery: 258 shot, 263 shell, and 271 case for 12-pdr Napoleons.

More smoothbore on the left side of the next page:

0321_2_Snip_IND_Ind2
  • 14th Battery: 94 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
  • 19th Battery: 238 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 20th Battery: 35 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
  • 22nd Battery: 261 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.

Hotchkiss rifled projectiles on the right side of this page:

  • 15th Battery: 180 Hotchkiss time fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 17th Battery: 240 Hotchkiss time fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 20th Battery: 392 Hotchkiss time fuse shell for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • 23rd Battery: 219 Hotchkiss time fuse shell for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • 24th Battery: 218 Hotchkiss time fuse shell for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • Wilder Battery: 320 Hotchkiss time fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.

More Hotchkiss on the left side of the next page:

0322_1_Snip_IND_Ind2
  • 14th Battery: 274 percussion fuse shell and 39 canister for 3-inch rifles.
  • 15th Battery: 525 bullet shell and 180 canister for 3-inch rifles.
  • 17th Battery: 720 bullet shell and 528 canister for 3-inch rifles.
  • 20th Battery: 161 percussion fuse shell, 20 bullet shell, and 162 canister for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • 23rd Battery: 317 percussion fuse shell, 95 bullet shell, and 210 canister for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • 24th Battery: 320 percussion fuse shell, 71 bullet shell, and 36 canister for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • Wilder Battery: 72 percussion fuse shell, 250 bullet shell, and 332 canister for 3-inch rifles.

To the right, one entry for Parrott projectiles:

  • 22nd Battery: 250 shot for 10-pdr Parrott.

More Parrott rounds on the next page:

0322_2_Snip_IND_Ind2
  • 14th Battery: 83 shell for 10-pdr Parrott (issued to a battery with 3-inch Ordnance rifles… presumably, under the rule of “if it fits, we shoot it!).
  • 21st Battery: 210 shell for 20-pdr Parrott.
  • 22nd Battery: 345 shell and 200 canister for 10-pdr Parrott.

No projectiles under the “miscellaneous” headings. So we move to the small arms:

0323_2_Snip_IND_Ind2
  • 14th Battery: 15 cavalry sabers.
  • 15th Battery: 28 Colt army revolvers and 20 horse artillery sabers.
  • 16th Battery: 126 Enfield .577 muskets, two Colt navy revolvers, eight foot officers’ swords, and two musicians’ swords.
  • 17th Battery: 16 Colt army revolvers and eleven horse artillery sabers.
  • 19th Battery: Six horse artillery sabers.
  • 20th Battery: 14 Colt navy revolvers.
  • 21st Battery: 15 Colt army revolvers and 24 horse artillery sabers.
  • 22nd Battery: 30 Colt navy revolvers and 32 horse artillery sabers.
  • 23rd Battery: 30 Remington army revolvers and 20 horse artillery sabers.
  • 24th Battery: 26 Remington navy revolvers and two horse artillery sabers.
  • Wilder Battery: 12 horse artillery sabers.

That brings us to the artillery cartridge bags and small arms cartridges:

0324_2_Snip_IND_Ind2
  • 14th Battery: 146 cartridge bags for 3-inch rifles.
  • 17th Battery: 100 cartridges for Sharps’ carbine. (no indication of why these would be on hand).
  • 21st Battery: 339 cartridge bags for 20-pdr Parrott, and 2,000 Sharps’ cartridges (which again, seems out of place).
  • 22nd Battery: 300 cartridge bags for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 23rd Battery: 100 cartridge bags for James rifles.
  • 24th Battery: 640 cartridge bags for James rifles.

Moving on, we last consult columns for pistol cartridges, artillery fuses, loose powder, and primers:

0325_1_Snip_IND_Ind2
  • 14th Battery: 290 friction primers.
  • 15th Battery: 360 paper fuses.
  • 17th Battery: 1,159 friction primers and 200 percussion caps.
  • 19th Battery: 250 army pistol cartridges and 365 friction primers.
  • 20th Battery: 1,800 navy pistol cartridges, 470 paper fuses, and 1,500 friction primers.
  • 21st Battery: 71 paper fuses and 295 friction primers.
  • 22nd Battery: 2,400 friction primers.
  • 23rd Battery: 605 army pistol cartridges, 1,505 friction primers, 10 yards of slow match, and 20 portfires.
  • 24th Battery: 500 paper fuses, 960 friction primers, 25 yards of slow match, and 40 portfires.
  • Wilder Battery: 1,190 paper fuses and 141 friction primers.

That rounds out the Indiana independent batteries. We have one additional line from the state’s summary to consider. That is for an artillery section reported by the 89th Indiana Infantry.

Summary Statement, 4th Quarter, 1863 – Indiana Independent Batteries, Part 1

While the 1st Indiana Heavy Artillery wore one of the war’s most colorful nicknames, it was “heavy” artillery, and after all, raised as an infantry regiment. Most of the artillerists from Indiana formed into independent batteries. And most of those were light artillery. Their returns were consolidated into a lengthy section of the fourth quarter summaries:

0319_All_Snip_IND_Ind1

We will break these into two groups for ease of discussion (along with a separate post for the oddity in the bunch – an entry from the 89th Indiana Infantry). So we take up a baker’s dozen with the first part:

0319_1_Snip_IND_Ind1
  • 1st Battery:  Reporting, at New Orleans, Louisiana with four 12-pdr Napoleons and two 3-inch guns.  Captain Martin Klauss remained in command of this battery. Lieutenant Lawrence Jacoby (an officer from the 1st Missouri Artillery) lead the battery while Klauss was absent through December. The battery remained with First Division, Thirteenth Corps.  Following the Second Bayou Teche Campaign in October-November, the battery was assigned to the District of LaFourche, a parish away from New Orleans.
  • 2nd Battery:  Reporting at Fort Smith, Arkansas, with two 6-pdr field guns and four 3.80-inch James Rifles. With Captain John W. Rabb departing for a commission in the reformed 2nd Missouri (Light) Artillery Regiment, Lieutenant Hugh Espey, Jr. led this battery. His promotion to Captain would follow in January. With 2nd Brigade, District of the Frontier, the battery operated in the Indian Territories through much of the summer and fall. They moved to Fort Smith in October, remaining there through the winter.
  • 3rd Battery: No location offered, but with two 6-pdr field guns, two 12-pdr Napoleons, and two 3.80-inch James rifles.  Captain James M. Cockefair remained in command of this battery.  The battery consolidated in St. Louis in October. Then in November, the battery reenlisted with “veteran” status. December found them operating in West Tennessee with a column dispatched in response to a raid by Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest. After which, the battery prepared for movement to Louisiana as part of the Third Division, Sixteenth Corps (to operate in the Red River Campaign).
  • 4th Battery:  At Chattanooga, Tennessee with three 12-pdr Napoleons, three 12-pdr field howitzers and two 3.80-inch James Rifles. With Captain David Flansburg in a Confederate prison, Lieutenant Henry J Willits led the battery. In October, the battery moved from the Fourteenth Corps to the garrison command at Chattanooga.
  • 5th Battery: Also at Chattanooga, but with six 10-pdr Parrott rifles. Captain Peter Simonson remained in command. Lieutenant Alfred Morrison filled in as commander when Simonson picked up duties as division artillery chief. Reorganizations of the Army of the Cumberland moved this battery to First Division, Fourth Corps.
  • 6th Battery: At Pocahontas, Tennessee, with two 6-pdr field guns and two 3.67-inch rifles (though this battery was associated with two James rifles earlier in the year).  With Captain Michael Mueller in command, the battery supported Third Division, Fifteenth Corps. The battery participated in several minor operations in the fall, then moved with its parent formation to Memphis. They wintered at Pocahontas, a railroad town to the east of that place.
  • 7th Battery: Reporting at Chattanooga, Tennessee, with six 10-pdr Parrotts. Captain George R. Swallow’s battery transferred from the Third Division, Twenty-First Corps to Third Division, Fourteenth Corps (more so a lateral move of the division) as the Army of the Cumberland reorganized in October. With Swallow serving as division artillery chief, Lieutenants Ortho H. Morgan and George M. Repp had turns leading the battery.
  • 8th Battery: No return. Captain George Estep retained command of this battery. With the Twenty-First Corps broken up, the battery transferred to the garrison of Chattannooga.  As the battery lost all its guns at Chickamauga, they maned heavy guns defending the city.
  • 9th Battery: No return. Lieutenant George R. Brown commanded this battery from Sixteenth Corps.  Brown’s battery was part of the garrison at Union City, Tennessee, and were involved with operations against Forrest in December. Later the battery was dispatched to Louisiana for the Red River Campaign.
  • 10th Battery: Reporting at Chattanooga, Tennessee with five 10-pdr Parrotts. Captain William A. Naylor remained in command of this battery. With the breakup of Twenty-First Corps, the battery transferred to Second Division, Fourth Corps. 
  • 11th Battery: Another battery at Chattanooga, Tennessee, boasting two 6-pdr field guns, two 12-pdr field howitzers, four 20-pdr Parrott rifles, and four 4.5-inch siege rifles. With the breakup of the Twentieth Corps, Captain Arnold Sutermeister’s battery became part of the Chattanooga garrison for a while. Then by December was assigned as the Siege Artillery of the Army of the Cumberland.
  • 12th Battery: Reporting at Nashville, Tennessee with two 6-pdr field guns, two 24-pdr field howitzers, three 24-pdr smoothbore siege guns, one 24-pdr rifled siege gun, and five 30-pdr Parrotts.  I believe the 12th passed their four 4.5-inch siege rifles to the 11th Battery. Those sections deployed forward to Chattanooga returned to Nashville in November.  Captain James E. White remained in command.  White also presided over the 20th Indiana battery, which was also stationed at Nashville. 
  • 13th Battery: No report. Captain Benjamin S. Nicklin’s battery remained at Gallatin, Tennessee, garrisoning Fort Thomas, in the Army of the Cumberland.

So of these thirteen batteries, eleven operated in Tennessee at the close of the year. Though a couple of those batteries were earmarked for operations in Mississippi and Louisiana in the early months of 1864.

Moving to the smoothbore ammunition columns:

0321_1_Snip_IND_Ind1
  • 1st Battery: 294 shell and 402 case for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 2nd Battery: 193 shot and 155 case for 6-pdr field guns.
  • 3rd Battery: 105 shot and 138 case for 6-pdr field guns; 96 shot, 316 shell, and 109 case for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 4th Battery: 60 shot, 46 shell, and 173 case for 12-pdr Napoleons; 129 shell and 196 case for 12-pdr field howitzers.
  • 6th Battery: 111 shot and 182 case for 6-pdr field guns
  • 11th Battery: 110 shot and 150 case for 6-pdr field guns; 79 shell and 125 case for 12-pdr field howitzers.
  • 12th Battery: 56 shot and 54 case for 6-pdr field guns; 198 shells for 24-pdr siege guns.

More smoothbore on the next page:

0321_2_Snip_IND_Ind1
  • 1st Battery: 102 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 2nd Battery: 14 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
  • 3rd Battery: 129 canister for 6-pdr field guns; 170 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 4th Battery: 94 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers; 123 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 6th Battery: 103 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
  • 11th Battery: 120 canister for 6-pdr; 56 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers.
  • 12th Battery: 108 case for 24-pdr siege guns; 140 canister for 6-pdrs; 300 canister for 24-pdr siege guns; and 56 stands of grape for 24-pdr siege guns.

Hotchkiss rounds tallied on the right side of this page:

  • 1st Battery: 190 Hotchkiss time fuse shells for 3-inch rifles.
  • 2nd Battery: 153 Hotchkiss time fuse shells for 3.80-inch James.

Hotchkiss rounds continue on the next page:

0322_1_Snip_IND_Ind1
  • 1st Battery: 31 Hotchkiss percussion shell and 46 Hotchkiss canister for 3-inch rifles.
  • 2nd Battery: 51 Hotchkiss percussion shell and 194 Hotchkiss bullet shell for 3.80-inch James.
  • 4th Battery: 33 Hotchkiss percussion shell and 20 Hotchkiss canister for 3.80-inch James rifles.
  • 6th Battery: 30 Hotchkiss percussion shell for 3.80-inch James rifles.
  • 11th Battery: 10 Hotchkiss percussion shell and 10 Hotchkiss bullet shell for 4.5-inch siege rifles.

To the right on this page is a tally for James projectiles:

  • 2nd Battery: 111 shot, 792 shell, and 58 canister of James pattern for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • 3rd Battery: 52 shot, 143 shell, and 24 canister of James pattern for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • 4th Battery: 10 shot, 55 shell, and 20 canister of James pattern for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • 6th Battery: 59 shot, 109 shell, and 123 canister of James pattern for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • 12th Battery: 25 shot and 51 shell of James pattern for 3.80-inch rifles.

And further to the right is one lone column for Parrott projectiles:

  • 5th Battery: 10 shot of Parrott patent for 10-pdr Parrotts
  • 7th Battery: 25 shot of Parrott patent for 10-pdr Parrotts.

The next page continues with Parrott patent projectiles:

0322_2_Snip_IND_Ind1
  • 5th Battery: 555 shell, 295 case, and 161 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
  • 7th Battery: 636 shell, 482 case, and 218 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
  • 10th Battery: 169 shell, 73 case, and 112 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
  • 11th Battery: 30 shot, 54 shell, and 22 case for 20-pdr Parrotts.
  • 12th Battery: 505 shell and 150 canister for 30-pdr Parrotts.

To the right are columns for Schenkl projectiles:

  • 1st Battery: 174 Schenkl shell for 3-inch rifles.
  • 4th Battery: 168 Schenkl shell for 3.80-inch rifles.
  • 11th Battery: 10 Schenkl shot for 4.5-inch rifles.
  • 12th Battery: 180 Schenkl shot for 4.2-inch siege rifles (same bore diameter as the 30-pdr Parrott).

No projectiles under the “miscellaneous” headings. So we turn to the small arms:

0323_2_Snip_IND_Ind1
  • 1st Battery: 25 cavalry sabers.
  • 2nd Battery: 7 Enfield .577 muskets, 22 Colt army revolvers, and 21 cavalry sabers.
  • 3rd Battery: 4 musketoons (.69 caliber smoothbore), 4 Colt navy revolvers, and 20 horse artillery sabers.
  • 4th Battery: 22 Remington army revolvers and 20 horse artillery sabers.
  • 5th Battery: One Colt army revolver, 9 cavalry sabers, and 7 horse artillery sabers.
  • 6th Battery: 6 cavalry sabers.
  • 7th Battery: 2 cavalry sabers and 13 horse artillery sabers.
  • 10th Battery: 17 Colt army revolvers and 11 cavalry sabers.
  • 11th Battery: 8 Colt army revolvers, 11 Colt navy revolvers, and 9 cavalry sabers.
  • 12th Battery: 12 Colt navy revolvers and 50 horse artillery sabers.

On to the next page with cartridge bags and small arms cartridges:

0324_2_Snip_IND_Ind1
  • 1st Battery: 391 cartridge bags for 3-inch rifles.
  • 2nd Battery: 680 cartridge bags for 20-pdr Parrotts (why those are in Fort Smith, Arkansas is anyone’s guess… mine is transcription error); and 2,000 musket cartridges.
  • 3rd Battery: 300 cartridge bags for field guns/howitzers.
  • 4th Battery: 172 cartridge bags for James rifles and 3 cartridge bags for 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • 5th Battery: 355 cartridge bags for 10-pdr Parrotts.
  • 7th Battery: 447 cartridge bags for 10-pdr Parrotts.
  • 11th Battery: 56 cartridge bags for 20-pdr Parrotts.
  • 12th Battery: 1,045 cartridge bags for 30-pdr Parrotts.

On to the last page for pistol cartridges, fuses, and other items:

0325_1_Snip_IND_Ind1
  • 1st Battery: 1,525 friction primers; 10 yards of slow match; and 17 portfires.
  • 2nd Battery: 373 army revolver and 1000 navy revolver cartridges; 509 friction primers; and 7 portfires.
  • 3rd Battery: 2,709 friction primers; 50 yards of slow match; and 300 pistol percussion caps.
  • 4th Battery: 500 navy revolver cartridges; 1,839 friction primers; 6 yards of slow match; 450 pistol percussion caps; and 16 portfires.
  • 5th Battery: 326 paper fuses and 1,615 friction primers.
  • 6th Battery: 900 friction primers and 18 portfires.
  • 7th Battery: 643 paper fuses; 1,995 friction primers; 12 yards of slow match; and 24 portfires.
  • 10th Battery: 1,154 paper fuses and 168 friction primers.
  • 11th Battery: 80 army revolver and 600 navy revolver cartridges; 446 paper fuses; 1,923 friction primers; 2 yards of slow match; 1,815 pistol percussion caps; and 14 portfires.
  • 12th Battery: 100 pounds of mortar powder; 1,810 friction primers; and 55 musket percussion caps.

I would say, at least those reporting for the quarter, the Indiana independent batteries were well armed. Our next installment will look at the rest of those independent batteries.