Summary Statement, 3rd Quarter, 1863 – West Virginia, Sections with Infantry

Below the listings for the 1st West Virginia Light Artillery in the third quarter, 1863 are two lines for artillery sections reporting from infantry regiments:

0289_1_Snip_WV_Misc

One of these is a repeat from the previous quarter.  Both are reports from infantry regiments then operating in the Kanawha Valley of West Virginia. And both fell under First Brigade (Colonel Rutherford B. Hayes), First Division (Brigadier-General Parker Scammon), of the Department of West Virginia:

  • Section attached to 5th Infantry: Reporting from Gauley Bridge, West Virginia with one 6-pdr smoothbore field gun and one 6-pdr (3.67-inch) rifle.  Colonel Abia A. Tomlinson commanded the regiment.  Ten different companies of the regiment reported postings at Gauley Bridge during the fall (not all at the same time, however).  So the two guns could have been a static assignment rotated among the companies.  Or could have been manned by a semi-permanent detail. 
  • Section attached to 13th Infantry:  No location offered.  But reporting one 12-pdr mountain howitzer.  Colonel William R. Brown commanded the 13th West Virginia Infantry.  The regiment spent most of the fall in the Kanawha Valley.  As with the 5th, no specific details as to the assignment or use of the cannon.

Noteworthy, a return from December 1863 for the Department of West Virginia indicates the entire division had sixteen field pieces.  The division had two batteries assigned – Captain James R. McMullin’s 1st Ohio Battery and Simmonds’ Kentucky Battery.  We are working from incomplete returns from those batteries.  But subtract out the 10 or 12 guns those batteries must have had.  And also subtract the three guns mentioned here with the infantry.  That would still leave us one, and maybe three, field guns unreported.  By that time of the war the Federals always seemed to have a spare piece of artillery about.

Moving down to the ammunition, the smoothbore comes first:

0291_1_Snip_WV_Misc
  • 5th Infantry: 84 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
  • 13th Infantry: 92 case and 68 canister for 12-pdr mountain howitzers.

No Hotchkiss rounds reported. But we can cut down the next page to look at James projectiles:

0292_1J_Snip_WV_Misc
  • 5th Infantry: 60 shell for 3.80-inch James.  Which leaves us with a conundrum – was this an error with the report or with transcription?  This could be the incorrect rounds assigned to the piece; an error reporting the piece; or an error reporting the ammunition on hand.

The next page seems to re-affirm the caliber of the weapon in question:

0292_2_Snip_WV_Misc
  • 5th Infantry: 30 Schenkl shells for 3.67-inch rifles.

The infantry regiments did not report small arms assigned to these artillery sections.  And that brings this entry to a close. 

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