As a convention, I prefer to work through each state entry starting with “regimented” batteries first (where regiments existed of course), then through independent batteries, and lastly through any miscellaneous lines. However, to ease handling and processing of these snips for transcription, I’m going to turn next to the miscellaneous lines before going to the independent batteries.
You see, the lines between the 2nd New York and 3rd New York include a couple of sections from infantry regiments. Those are lines 18 and 19:
Then, at the bottom of the page, we find entries for two cavalry regiments and stores held by an infantry regiment. Those last three returns were received in the forth quarter of 1863, roughly when they were expected. But those on the upper lines were not received until 1864. So imagine how this conversation went down…..
Clerk: Sir, I just received these two returns from the 98th and 99th New York Infantry claiming they have cannons. And I don’t have room to fit them at the bottom of the New York page in the summary. What ever shall I do?
Ordnance Officer: Stick them in where you have space after the 2nd New York Artillery. Nobody will ever notice. Nobody cares about these summaries anyway!
But yet, here we are in 2018 with that annoying second red line as result of the split data!
So we have five “miscellaneous” to consider from the New York section of the summary:
- 98th New York Infantry: Companies E and H, if my reading is correct, assigned to Croatan Station, North Carolina with two 6-pdr field guns.
- 99th New York Infantry: A detachment reporting on the Gunboat Smith Briggs, in Virginia, with one 12-pdr field howitzer and one 10-pdr Parrott.
- 3rd New York Cavalry: A detachment at New Berne, North Carolina with two 12-mountain howitzers.
- 5th New York Cavalry: A detachment also at New Berne, and also with two (or is it three?) 12-pdr mountain howitzers.
- 51st New York Infantry: “Stores in Charge” of a Lieutenant Colonel at Camp Nelson, Kentucky.
Let me explore these five in more detail.
The 98th New York Infantry was among the forces sent from North Carolina to the Department of the South earlier in 1863, as part of the build-up before the Ironclad Attack. When that effort failed, the 98th was among the forces sent back to North Carolina, specifically Beaufort. On April 25, Lieutenant-Colonel Frederick F. Wead, then in command of the regiment, received orders to garrison “Newport Barracks, Havelock, Croatan, [and] Bogue sound blockhouse” which guarded the railroad between Beaufort / Morehead City and New Berne. After the war, William Kreutzer (then Captain, but later Colonel of the regiment) mentioned these dispositions in a history of the regiment:
This writer was assigned to the command of two posts, one at a point where the railroad crosses Newport river, called Havelock, and the other at Croatan, ten miles above, along the road to New Berne. Each post had a small earthwork in which was mounted on Napoleon gun.
This passage establishes the ‘who’ portion of the return but on disagrees with the summary’s line. Perhaps, writing post war and being an infantryman, Kreutzer was simply mistaken about the guns. At any rate, we can at least verify some cannon were under the care of the 98th New York at Croatan around this time of the war, performing “boring” garrison duty.
The 99th New York Infantry, with names like “Bartlett’s Naval Brigade” and “Lincoln Divers” offers a bit more interesting story. Colonel William A. Bartlett began recruiting what was intended to be a full brigade in the spring of 1861. It included almost as many men from Massachusetts and New Jersey as it did New York. The intent was to assign these companies to Army gunboats and have them patrol the coast. But by the time Bartlett reported to Fort Monroe, he’d met with an accident and the brigade was understrength. The “brigade” was then reorganized as an infantry and assigned duty at various posts around Fort Monroe and on vessels operating in that area. Colonel David W. Waldrop commanded. By the spring of 1863, most of those detachments were recalled and the regiment served at Suffolk, Virginia. Of those still on detached duty was Company I, manning the gunboats West End and Smith Briggs. The latter, we have a sketch to work from:
The Smith Briggs was a chartered (not outright purchased) 280 ton steamer converted to an armed transport, with a rifled 32-pdr and a rifled 42-pdr (probably converted seacoast guns using the James system). Based on the entry here in the summary, I would contend the 99th New York maintained a 12-pdr field howitzer and a 10-pdr Parrott to supplement those big guns, and perhaps use on patrols off the gunboat. Captain John C. Lee, of the 99th New York, commanded the Smith Briggs in 1863. And he was still in command when the vessel ran aground off Smithfield, Virginia on February 1, 1864, and was destroyed.
The detachment from the 3rd New York Cavalry should be familiar to readers from the previous quarter. These was Lieutenant James A. Allis command.
And a similar detachment was formed in the 12th New York Cavalry which also operated out of New Berne. During the summer, Lieutenant Joseph M. Fish, of Company F, was detached to command a section of howitzers. And these show up in some returns as “Fish’s Howitzers” or “Fish’s Battery.”
And lastly the 51st New York Infantry. This regiment, part of the Second Division, Ninth Corps in the summer of 1863. It was transferred to the Twenty-Third Corps in September and performed garrison duties in the District of Kentucky. We’ll see some of the stores accounted for in the ammunition tables that follow. The regiment’s Lieutenant-Colonel was R. Charlton Mitchell at this time of the war.
With that summary of the five units represented by the lines, let us turn to the ammunition reported. Starting with the smoothbore:
- 98th New York Infantry: 57 shot, 41 case, and 42 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
- 99th New York Infantry: 42 shell and 88 case for 12-pdr field howitzers.
- 12th New York Cavalry: 32 shell, 44 case, and 46 canister for 12-pdr mountain howitzers.
- 51st New York Infantry: 56 shot, 56 case, and 48 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
Note that no ammunition was reported (for the second quarter in a row) for Allis’ detachment from the 3rd New York Cavalry.
Yes, on the ill-fated Smith Briggs:
- 99th New York Infantry: 137 shell and 40 canister for 10-pdr Parrott.
No small arms were reported by these five detachments on the artillery summaries. Usually infantry and cavalry commands filed their reports on different forms that were complied on a separate set of summaries.
Before leaving the “miscellaneous” of New York, there are two other batteries that deserve mention. Recall Goodwin’s Battery, with its rather exotic breachloaders, and Varian’s State Militia Battery were mustered into Federal service to meet the emergency posed by Lee’s invasion of Pennsylvania. Both were still in Federal service at the start of the quarter. But only briefly in service. Goodwin’s was mustered on July 27. Varian’s was mustered out six days earlier. As these batteries were off the Federal rolls by the end of September, they were not required to send in returns. Lucky for them!
Citation: William Kreutzer, Notes and Observations Made During Four years of Service with the Ninety-Eighth N.Y. Volunteers in the War of 1861, Philadelphia: Grant, Faires & Ridgers, 1878, page 164.