In previous installments, covering the earlier summaries, I’ve discussed the evolution of the 3rd New York Artillery. The regiment began as the 19th New York Infantry but was reorganized as artillery and sent to North Carolina as part of Burnside’s early war campaign. Based on the needs in that theater, the regiment’s batteries worked as garrison artillery and occasionally supported field operations. In the winter of 1863, a several batteries of the regiment transferred to the Department of the South in preparation for operations against Charleston. Then between May and June 1863 a sizable portion of the regiment mustered out, with several batteries reorganized for recruiting. So that leaves us with a regiment in part reorganizing; and in part performing duties in the field.
Colonel Charles H. Stewart commanded the regiment at this time. He would directly command the portion of the regiment that remained at New Berne, North Carolina, all in the District of North Carolina, and part of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, or simply the Eighteenth Corps. Four batteries had that address on their returns (and a fifth was technically there at the end of the reporting period):
Looking the individual batteries:
- Battery A: No return. As mentioned last quarter, this battery returned to New York and mustered out in June. Men with time still on their enlistments transferred to Batteries E, I, and K. A new Battery A reformed in September 1864.
- Battery B: Reported on Morris Island, South Carolina, with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain James E. Ashcroft, who’d transferred from Battery C in May, commanded this battery assigned to the Tenth Corps. The battery manned a position on the Second Parallel of the siege lines extending toward Battery Wagner that summer.
- Battery C: No return. The original Battery C mustered out on May 22, 1863, with its remaining three-year men transferred to Batteries I and K. On September 30, 1863, just getting into our reporting period, a new Battery C mustered under the command of William E. Mercer.
- Battery D: No return. Another battery that mustered out in June 1863. Those with enlistments remaining went to Batteries E, I, and K. A new Battery D mustered in February 1864.
- Battery E: At New Berne, North Carolina with four 20-pdr Parrott rifles. Captain Theodore H. Schenck remained in command. The battery was part of the force under Stewart, in the District of North Carolina, technically in the Eighteenth Corps.
- Battery F: On Morris Island with six 12-pdr (3.67-inch) Wiard rifles. Another battery holding down real estate on the Second Parallel of Morris Island. Lieutenant Paul Birchmeyer commanded this battery in the position. Captain David A. Taylor mustered out in mid-July (having been on detached service, and later joining the 16th Cavalry). Samuel C. Day, transferred from Battery B, was appointed captain of the battery in late July, though Birchmeyer appears on the reports from Morris Island.
- Battery G: No return. Another battery mustered out in early June. Remaining men transferred to Battery K. The new Battery G mustered in March 1864.
- Battery H: Reporting at Newport News, Virginia with six 12-pdr Napoleons. That location is valid for the December 1863 reporting date. In September the battery was stationed at New Berne. In October the battery moved to Newport News. Captain William J. Riggs in command. Assigned to Eighteenth Corps.
- Battery I: At New Berne and with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain John H. Ammon held command.
- Battery K: Also at New Berne but with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Captain James R. Angel remained in command.
- Battery L: As explained in earlier posts, this battery was not assigned to the 3rd New York. Instead it served as the 24th Independent Battery. Not until March 1865 was it officially assigned to the regiment.
- Battery M: At New Berne with six 10-pdr Parrott Rifles. Captain John H. Howell commanded.
- Lieutenant with “Stores in Charge” at New Berne. On this line the regiment reported implements, tools, and stores, but no cannon or ammunition.
Turning to the ammunition, returns indicated retention of heavy howitzer rounds. And thus we must look at the extended columns:
Four lines to consider here:
- Battery B: 848 shot, 304 shell, 1,928 case, and 568 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons (all there on Morris Island and being put to good use!)
- Battery E: 20 shell and six canister for 24-pdr field howitzers; 2 shell and six canister for 32-pdr field howitzers. Battery E had turned over those howitzers during the previous winter, but still had rounds on hand to account for.
- Battery H: 384 shot, 75 shell, 439 case, and 160 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- Battery I: 282 shot, 138 shell, 290 case, and 136 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
Turning to the Hotchkiss page:
More than just 3-inch rounds here:
- Battery E: 84 fuse shell for 3.67-inch rifle (20-pdr Parrott).
- Battery F: 100 shot, 361 percussion shell, 397 fuse shell and 274(?) bullet shell for 3.67-inch rifles (12-pdr Wiard).
- Battery K: 768 shot, 188 canister, 36 percussion shell, and 150 fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
Let me break up the next page for clarity, and start with the “orphan” set of Hotchkiss columns:
- Battery F: 437 canister for 3.67-inch rifles (12-pdr Wiard).
Moving over to the Parrott columns:
Two batteries with Parrotts:
- Battery E: 390 shot, 110 shell, and 30 canister for 20-pdr Parrotts.
- Battery M: 1,155 shell, 33 case, and 134 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
No Schenkl rounds reported, so we can move to the small arms:
- Battery B: One Army revolver, nineteen Navy revolvers, and fourteen horse artillery sabers.
- Battery E: Twenty-nine Navy revolvers, two cavalry sabers, and forty-one horse artillery sabers.
- Battery F: Twenty-five Army revolvers and twenty-five horse artillery sabers.
- Battery H: Four Army revolvers, seventeen Navy revolvers, and fifty horse artillery sabers.
- Battery I: Ten Army revolvers, six Navy revolvers, and forty horse artillery sabers.
- Battery K: Four Army revolvers, nineteen Navy revolvers, two cavalry sabers, and fifty-two horse artillery sabers.
- Battery M: Twenty-four Army revolvers and thirty horse artillery sabers.
We might say the 3rd New York was a “half in” regiment as the summer of 1863 came to a close with so many batteries mustered out. Though it would recruit back up to strength before the war’s end. What batteries were in service did good work on Morris Island and holding down positions in North Carolina.