Indiana organized twenty-six independent batteries, which were mostly light batteries. In addition, there was a regiment of heavy artillery. Looking at the summaries for the third quarter, 1863, we find all twenty-six independent batteries and two of the heavies represented, along with two sections from cavalry regiments and one section from an infantry regiment:
As with previous quarters, we’ll break this into parts for ease of discussion. That said, the first twelve batteries are our focus here:
Notice four batteries do not have returns. Additionally, two returns are dated from 1864. And we have an extra line at the bottom for “Detachment of 12th”. Giving us thirteen lines to consider:
- 1st Battery: Reporting, on November 20, at New Iberia, Louisiana with four 12-pdr Napoleons and two 3-inch guns. Captain Martin Klauss remained in command of this battery. With the realignments of divisions after the fall of Vicksburg, the battery’s parent formation became First Division, Thirteenth Corps. The battery participated in the campaign against Jackson, Mississippi, in July. Then it moved with the rest of the division to New Orleans, in August, to join the Department of the Gulf. There, the battery was assigned to the District of La Fourche and supported the Teche Country expedition in October. Lieutenant Lawrence Jacoby lead the battery while Klauss was absent during the fall.
- 2nd Battery: Reporting at Springfield, Missouri with two 6-pdr field guns and four 3.80-inch James Rifles. Captain John W. Rabb was the senior officer of the battery. But that fall Rabb accepted a job in the reformed 2nd Missouri (Light) Artillery Regiment. Lieutenant Hugh Espey, as mentioned in previous quarters, commanded this battery in the field. The battery remained with the Department of Southwestern Missouri, and served in sections, with 1st and 2nd Sections under Lieutenant William W. Haines. After a hard season campaigning in Missouri, Arkansas, and Indian Territories, the battery move to the Department of the Frontier.
- 3rd Battery: At Rolla, Missouri with two 6-pdr field guns, two 12-pdr Napoleons, and two 3.80-inch James rifles (as opposed to 3.67-inch rifles the previous quarter, which raises a question). Captain James M. Cockefair remained in command of this battery. The battery split duty between Rolla and St. Louis through the early fall, being assigned to the District of Rolla and later District of St. Louis. In November, the battery reenlisted with “veteran” status.
- 4th Battery: At Chattanooga, Tennessee with two 12-pdr Napoleons, two 12-pdr field howitzers and one 3.80-inch James Rifles. The battery remained with First Division, Fourteenth Corps. Lieutenant David Flansburg led this battery into action at Chickamauga, with “great coolness and bravery.” But Flansburg was wounded and captured on September 19. Lieutenant Henry J. Willits took his place. In addition to their commander, the battery lost a James rifle, a caisson, three pistols, six sabers, and thirty-four horses in the battle. While in prison, Flansburg was promoted to Captain, with September 30 as his date of rank. He was among the officers who escaped, from Libby Prison, Richmond, in February 1864, but was re-captured. Flansburg would die in November of that year, still a prisoner, and is buried in Florence, South Carolina.
- 5th Battery: No return. The battery remained with First Division, Twentieth Corps. Thus at the end of September, the battery was under siege in Chattanooga. At the start of September, Captain Peter Simonson was relieved of duties as division artillery chief and returned to his battery in time to lead it into battle at Chickamauga. Heavily engaged, the battery fired 1,247 rounds. Twice having to withdraw to resupply. In the final tally, Simonson reported one killed, eight wounded, and one missing; and thirty horses lost. Material losses included one 12-pdr Napoleon and one 3.80-inch James rifle, leaving the battery with one Napoleon and three James rifles. Reorganizations of the Army of the Cumberland would put the battery in Fourth Corps later in the fall.
- 6th Battery: No report. Going back to the first quarter’s returns, the battery had two 6-pdr field guns and two 3.80-inch James Rifles. After Vicksburg, the battery moved from Sixteenth Corps to Third Division, Fifteenth Corps. Captain Michael Mueller remained in command. Mueller’s battery was still around Vicksburg at the end of September.
- 7th Battery: Reporting at Chattanooga, Tennessee, with two 12-pdr Napoleons and three (down from four) 10-pdr Parrotts. The battery supported Third Division, Twenty-First Corps. Captain George R. Swallow remained in command, but also served as division artillery chief. The battery expended all their canister in close action on September 19. Then on September 20 was again heavily engaged. As alluded to with the numbers, the battery lost a Parrott rifle in the battle.
- 8th Battery: No return. Captain George Estep retained command of this battery, part of First Division, Twenty-First Corps. The battery brought four 6-pdr field guns and two 12-pdr field howitzers into battle at Chickamauga. The battery fought a bitter and close fight, suffering one killed, eight wounded and nine missing in the battle. Furthermore, the battery lost all its cannon. In October, the battery was assigned to Chattanooga’s garrison artillery and temporarily in charge of a pool of horses. By November, the battery maned Fort Jefferson C. Davis, with three 20-pdr Parrotts.
- 9th Battery: No return. Lieutenant George R. Brown commanded this battery from Sixteenth Corps. At the end of September, Brown’s battery was part of the garrison at Union City, Tennessee.
- 10th Battery: Reporting at Chattanooga, Tennessee with two 12-pdr field howitzers and four 10-pdr Parrotts. Captain William A. Naylor (promoted in June) remained in command of this battery, assigned to First Division, Twenty-First Corps. During the fighting at Chickamauga, the 10th was part of the force left behind to guard Chattanooga, and was thus not engaged in the battle.
- 11th Battery: Also at Chattanooga, Tennessee, with four 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain Arnold Sutermeister’s battery supported Third Division, Twentieth Corps. During the Federal route on September 20, the section with two 3-inch Ordnance Rifles was overwhelmed, having all their horses shot. The battery lost three killed, twelve wounded, and four missing, and nineteen horses. The battery expended 120 rounds.
- 12th Battery: Reporting at Fort Negley, Nashville, Tennessee as siege artillery. We know the battery had four 4.5-inch Ordnance siege rifles around this time. Captain James E. White remained in command. White also presided over the 20th Indiana battery, which was also stationed at Nashville. However, see the next line….
- Detachment of 12th Battery: At Fort Wood, Chattanooga, Tennessee. No other details offered. Lieutenant James A. Dunwoody commanded a detachment, about half of the battery, dispatched to reinforce Chattanooga that fall. They arrived in November.
Yes, several of these batteries could report hard fighting in tight places that September. Let’s see how their ammunition reports stack up. Starting with the smoothbore:
Seven batteries reporting smoothbore ammunition on hand:
- 1st Battery: 198 shell, 250 case, and 46 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 2nd Battery: 193 shot, 175 case, and 71 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
- 3rd Battery: 105 shot, 141 case, and 132 canister for 6-pdr field guns; 136 shot, 406 shell, 224 case, and 300 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 4th Battery: 48 shot, 24 shell, 65 case, and 24 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons; 40 shell, 74 case, and 50 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers.
- 7th Battery: 74 shot, 33 shell, 79 case, and 63 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 10th Battery: 111 shell, 100 case, and 116 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers.
- 11th Battery: 127 shot, 113 shell, 106 case, and 100 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
Turning to the Hotchkiss page of rifled projectiles:
- 1st Battery: 46 canister, 31 percussion shell, and 160 fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
- 2nd Battery: 195 percussion shell, 217 fuse shell and 168 bullet shell for 3.80-inch James rifles.
- 11th Battery: 80 canister, 100 fuse shell, and 120 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles. Yes, the battery still had ammunition chests for the two rifles lost at Chickamauga.
The next page, we’ll break down into two sections. First the remaining Hotchkiss columns and James projectiles:
The last of the Hotchkiss projectiles:
- 2nd Battery: 58 canister for 3.80-inch rifles.
- 4th Battery: 2 canister for 3.80-inch rifles.
The the James projectiles:
- 2nd Battery: 111 shot and 199 shell for 3.80-inch rifles.
- 3rd Battery: 52 shot, 173 shell and 24 canister for 3.80-inch rifles.
- 4th Battery: 4 shot for 3.80-inch rifles.
Then over to the Parrott side of the page:
Two batteries reporting:
- 7th Battery: 315 shell, 301 case, and 130 canister for 10-pdr Parrott.
- 10th Battery: 369 shell, 274 case, and 106 canister for 10-pdr Parrott.
Then on to the Schenkl and Tatham’s columns:
Two batteries reporting Schenkl:
- 1st Battery: 174 shell for 3-inch rifles.
- 4th Battery: 64 shell for 3.80-inch rifles.
And one for Tatham’s canister:
- 4th Battery: 9 canister for 3.80-inch rifles.
Moving last to the small arms:
- 1st Battery: Twenty-five cavalry sabers.
- 2nd Battery: Seven rifled muskets of foreign manufacture, twenty-two Army revolvers, and Twenty-one cavalry sabers.
- 3rd Battery: Four foreign rifled muskets, Four breechloading carbines, four Navy revolvers, and ten horse artillery sabers.
- 4th Battery: Twenty-two Army revolvers and twenty horse artillery sabers.
- 7th Battery: Two cavalry sabers and thirteen horse artillery sabers.
- 10th Battery: Seventeen Army revolvers and twelve horse artillery sabers.
- 11th Battery: Eight Army revolvers, eleven navy revolvers, and nine cavalry sabers.
Considering the service of these twelve batteries from Indiana, we find a fair cross section of western service. Batteries campaigning in east Tennessee, along the Mississippi, and in the Indian Territories. Also a sampling of field, garrison, and heavy battery service. But the heavy hitting stories come from northern Georgia near a creek called Chickamuaga. We see some of the ferocity of that battle reflected in the numbers – specifically batteries reporting fewer cannons and limited ammunition supplies, but likewise the absence of reports from the 5th, 8th and 9th Batteries. And we can match those with the tally of losses, to include men and horses, from the official reports.