As we’ve discussed in the entries for earlier quarters, a number of the 3rd Artillery’s batteries were assigned garrison duties in California. Others in relatively quiet sectors. But the 3rd was represented well in the Army of the Potomac and other active field armies. Still, the nature of that collective service lead to a “spotty” summary statement. For the 3rd quarter of 1863, we find only four lines reporting artillery on hand:
Let us look at the administrative details for explanations:
- Battery A: At Albuquerque, New Mexico with two 12-pdr field howitzers and two 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Same as the previous quarter. Lieutenant John B. Shinn was in command of this battery. Shinn’s promotion to captain would come in January of the next year.
- Battery B: Given the annotation “Infy. Stores” at Camp Reynolds, on Angel Island, off San Francisco, California. Lieutenant Louis Hasbrouk Fine was the senior officer with the battery at this time, but Captain (brevet Major) George E.P. Andrews, of the 3rd Artillery, was returning to that post from extended duties elsewhere.
- Battery C: Simply “Army of the Potomac,” with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Part of the Second Brigade of the Horse Artillery, Army of the Potomac. Still under Lieutenant William D. Fuller, the battery performed well in a sharp action on the Rapidan River, covering the cavalry, in mid-September. Captain Dunbar R. Ransom, recovered from a wound suffered at Gettysburg, resumed command near the end of September. The battery was still near Stevensburg, Virginia at the start of the Bristoe Campaign.
- Battery D: At Alcatraz Island, California with the annotation “Infy. Stores.” Captain William A. Winder, of the 3rd US Artillery, commanded the garrison of Alcatraz at this time of the war. Under his command were Batteries D and I (Battery H having moved out of that post).
- Battery E: No return. Serving in the Department of the South, under Lieutenant John R. Myrick. The battery had six 10-pdr Parrotts at this time. In late September the battery transferred from Morris Island to Folly Island.
- Battery F & K: No location given, but with four 12-pdr Napoleons. This combined battery was assigned to the 1st US Regular Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac. In September Lieutenant George F. Barstow replaced Lieutenant John G. Turnbull as the battery commander.
- Battery G: Fort Turnbull, Connecticut but without any assigned cannon. Lieutenant Lewis Smith held command of this battery, just completing reorganization.
- Battery H: “Infy. Stores” with location as Fort Point, California. Captain Joseph Stewart appears on records as the senior officer in the battery.
- Battery I: Also “Infy. Stores” but on Alcatraz Island with Battery D.
- Battery K: Annotated as “with Battery F”. See that battery’s notes above.
- Battery L & M: No location given, but with four 10-pdr Parrotts. Captain John Edwards remained in command of this combined battery. The battery was assigned to First Division, Ninth Corps. This well-traveled battery returned from Mississippi in time to participate in the Knoxville Campaign.
- Lieutenant: “Stores in Charge.” This line tallied various implements and supplies, apparently assigned to a lieutenant of the regiment, but with no location indicated.
- Band: Another “Stores in Charge” and listed at Fort Turnbull, Connecticut.
Of note, with those last two lines, the regimental commander, with his headquarters and staff, were stationed at Fort Turnbull at this time. Colonel William Gates had served well over 45 years active duty by this point in his life. Looking at his portrait, he strikes me as a “worn” man:
Then again, maybe it is the scratchy photo negative.
He’d fought in the War of 1812, Seminole Wars, and the Mexican War. Though his career was somewhat marred by the sinking of the SS San Francisco in 1853, carrying his regiment to California, and the loss of some 300 lives.
Moving to the ammunition, we have two batteries with smoothbores:
And two reporting:
- Battery A: 148 shot, 112 case, and 216 canister for 6-pdr field guns; 170 shell, 240 case, and 88 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers.
- Battery F & K: 192 shot, 64 shell, 192 case, and 64 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
As noted under the previous quarters, Battery A held on to ammunition for 6-pdrs it no longer had on charge.
Moving to the Hotchkiss rifled projectiles:
Again, two lines. But not a lot to talk about:
- Battery A: 96 canister for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery C: 30 canister for 3-inch rifles.
For the next page, we can focus on the Parrott projectile columns:
- Battery L & M: 559 shell, 289 case, and 133 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
Moving right along, we have the Schenkl columns:
Again, two batteries reporting:
- Battery A: 254 shell and 288 case for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery C: 18 shell for 3-inch rifles.
Thus, if we work strictly off quantities reported, Battery C seems short of projectiles.
Turning to the last set of columns, we have the small arms:
- Battery A: Thirteen breech loading carbines, eighty-six Army revolvers, two Navy revolvers, and eighty-nine horse artillery sabers.
- Battery C: One breech loading carbine, twenty-five Navy revolvers, twenty-nine cavalry sabers, and 100(?) horse artillery sabers.
- Battery F & K: Four Army revolvers and fifteen horse artillery sabers.
- Battery G: Six cavalry sabers, eighty-eight horse artillery sabers, and twenty-four foot artillery swords.
- Battery L & M: Twelve Navy revolvers and forty-eight horse artillery sabers.
- The Band: Thirteen rifles.
Yes, the BAND with thirteen rifles! Perhaps somewhere in the Army’s vast bureaucracy is a library of forms accounting for musical instruments – drums, fifes, horns, and such. But this is “To the Sound of the Guns” and not Philip Sousa’s greatest hits! So here we must ask why the band had a baker’s dozen rifles? Perhaps Colonel Gates preferred a “fighting band”? Or, at least one that looked sharp for formal affairs and ceremonial guard. Toward that end, the band also reported thirteen sets of accouterments – cartridge boxes, cap pouches, belts, and bayonet scabbards.
As for the “Lieutenant” line, I find only one equipment bag listed. But … let’s say it together…. “All government equipment must be accounted for!”