Picking up where we left off with the last post, we proceed through Ohio’s independent batteries for the second quarter of 1863. Looking at the “lower half” of those:
As mentioned last week, there were twenty-six numbered independent batteries. Only twenty-five appear on this list. The last, the 26th Independent Battery, was Company F, 32nd Ohio Infantry. And we’ll see them tallied on a later page of the summaries. For now, we have the 13th through the 25th:
- 13th Battery: “Not in service.” This battery ceased to exist, officially, in April 1862.
- 14th Battery: Reporting, as of August, 1863, at Corinth, Mississippi with two 12-pdr Napoleons and four 3-inch Ordnance rifles. However, at the end of June, the battery part of the District of Jackson (though at Lynnville, Tennessee), Thirteenth Corps. Lieutenant Homer H. Stull was the commander “in the field” with the battery. But Stull died in May. Captain Jerome B. Burrows returned later in the spring.
- 15th Battery: At Vicksburg, Mississippi with four 6-pdr field guns. Captain Edward Spear, Jr. remained in command. The battery was in Fourth Division, Sixteenth Corps, and serving in the siege of the city.
- 16th Battery: Reporting on September 25, 1863 as at Carrollton, Louisiana with one 6-pdr field gun, one 12-pdr Napoleon, and three 3.80-inch James Rifles. Captain (promoted that spring) Russell P. Twist remained in command. The battery was with Twelfth Division, Thirteenth Corps. As such it was involved with the Vicksburg siege at the end of June 1863.
- 17th Battery: At Vicksburg, Mississippi with six 10-pdr Parrotts. The battery was assigned to Tenth Division, Thirteenth Corps. Captain Ambrose A. Blount remained in command through the much Vicksburg Campaign, but resigned on July 2. Lieutenant Charles S. Rice was promoted to replace Blount.
- 18th Battery: Reporting at Tullahoma, Tennessee with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Captain Charles Aleshire’s battery was in First Division, Reserve Corps, Army of the Cumberland.
- 19th Battery: As of January 1864, reporting at Knoxville, Tennessee with six 12-pdr Napoleons. The battery remained at Lexington, Kentucky through the first weeks of June. After which, Captain Joseph C. Shields’ battery was involved with the pursuit of Morgan. The battery was officially in the District of Central Kentucky. Later, in July, the battery was placed in First Division, Twenty-third Corps.
- 20th Battery: Reporting, in June 1864, at Chattanooga, Tennessee with two 12-pdr Napoleons and four 3-inch Ordnance rifles. The armament is fine. But for June 1863 the battery was involved with the Tullahoma Campaign, and thus somewhere near Hoover Gap at the end of the quarter. The battery remained under Captain [John T.] Edward Grosskopff and assigned to assigned to Second Division, Twentieth Corps.
- 21st Battery: No report. The battery remained at Camp Dennison, Ohio, presumably still with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain James W. Patterson, commanding. The battery was involved with the pursuit of Morgan in July.
- 22nd Battery: No report. After organizing, the battery moved briefly to Wheeling, West Virginia (to counter resistance to the draft), with only two guns. In mid-June the battery moved back to Camp Chase, Ohio, where two more guns were assigned. Caliber not reported. Commanded by Captain Henry M. Niel.
- 23rd Battery: “Not in service.” This battery was formed from the 2nd Kentucky Infantry and later became the 1st Kentucky Independent Light Battery. Only mentioned here due to “placeholder” status.
- 24th Battery: No report. Not mustered until August 1863. However, the battery does appear as assigned to the Department of Ohio with Lieutenant James W. Gamble assigned command of recruits gathered at Camp Dennison.
- 25th Battery: Reporting from Little Rock, Arkansas, in May 1864, with two 3-inch Ordnance rifles and four 3.67-inch rifles (replacing four 6-pdr smoothbores from the previous quarter). In June 1863 the battery moved from Rolla to Pilot Knob, Missouri. There the battery became part of the force that would advance on Little Rock in August. Captain Julius L. Hadley was in command.
So of thirteen numbers, eight were posted to active departments. Three were forming up. And two were just administrative placeholders.
Turning to the smoothbore ammunition on hand:
Five batteries reporting:
- 14th Battery: 148 shot, 48 shell, 150 case, and 50 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 15th Battery: 233 shot, 123 case, and 220 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
- 16th Battery: 46 shot, 90 case, and 26 canister for 6-pdr field guns; 61 shot, 54 shell, 106 case, and 26 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 19th Battery: 74 shot, 251 shell, 293 case, and 234 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 20th Battery: 62 shot, 41 shell, 34 case, and 34 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
Moving to the rifled projectiles, first the Hotchkiss patents:
- 14th Battery: 147(?) canister, 385 percussion shell, and 276 fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
- 16th Battery: 190 shot and 120 fuse shell for 3.80-inch rifles.
- 18th Battery: 246 canister, 115 percussion shell, 694 fuse shell, and 493 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
- 20th Battery: 148(?) canister, 214 percussion shell, and 365 fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
- 25th Battery: 410 shot, 360 percussion shell, and 40 fuse shell for 3.67-inch rifles.
Notice the 25th Battery did not report Hotchkiss rounds for their 3-inch rifles.
Continuing to the next page, there are a couple of stray Hotchkiss columns and Dyer’s patent:
- 16th Battery: 104 Hotchkiss canister for 3.80-inch rifles.
- 25th Battery: 160 Hotchkiss canister for 3.67-inch rifles.
- 25th Battery: 172 Dyer’s shrapnel for 3-inch rifles.
Moving over to the James columns:
- 16th Battery: 50 shell and 450 case for 3.80-inch rifles.
Then on to the Parrott projectiles:
A lonely entry:
- 17th Battery: 240 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
This begs the question as to what Blount’s battery was firing at Vicksburg.
One line from the Schenkl columns:
- 25th Battery: 159 shell and 80 canister for 3.67-inch rifles.
The 25th had a variety of projectiles for the rifled 6-pdrs, but apparently only shrapnel for the 3-inch rifles!
Lastly the small arms:
- 14th Battery: Thirty Army revolvers and thirty horse artillery sabers.
- 15th Battery: Eight cavalry sabers.
- 16th Battery: Twenty-five Navy revolvers and twenty-two cavalry sabers.
- 17th Battery: Nine Army revolvers.
- 18th Battery: Thirty Army revolvers, three cavalry sabers, and thirty horse artillery sabers.
- 19th Battery: Thirty Navy revolvers and twelve cavalry sabers.
- 20th Battery: Twenty-five Army revolvers and twenty-nine horse artillery sabers.
- 25th Battery: Six “Rifled muskets, foreign manufacture”, twenty-six Navy revolvers, and fourteen cavalry sabers.
From the previous quarter, the 25th Battery reported Belgian rifles.
Next we will look at the 1st Ohio Light Artillery’s batteries.