Moving in order through the second quarter summaries, New York is the next state to consider. And Colonel Charles S. Wainwright’s 1st New York Light Artillery Regiment is the first of those entries.
We find returns registered for nine of the twelve batteries of the regiment. And of those nine, three were not received until 1864. That’s what happens to paperwork due in the middle of the campaign season!
- Battery A: At Pottsville, Pennsylvania, on the March 1864 receipt date, with four 12-pdr Napoleons. Battery A, under Captain Thomas H. Bates, was at Camp Barry, remained at the Camp of Instruction, Camp Barry, in Washington, D.C. through the summer months. The battery, recently reformed after losing all guns during the Peninsula Campaign, was training new crews.
- Battery B: At Warrenton Junction, Virginia, reflecting the October 1863 receipt date, with four 10-pdr Parrotts. The battery was assigned to Second Corps, Army of the Potomac. Captain Rufus D. Pettit, in command of the battery at the start of the quarter resigned at the end of May. Captain James M. Rorty then took command. Rorty was mortally wounded on the afternoon of July 3 at Gettysburg. The next in command, Lieutenant Albert S. Sheldon, was wounded a little later. Lieutenant Robert E. Rogers then became the third officer to command the battery that day.
- Battery C: Listed at Rappahannock, Virginia, also reflecting the fall reporting date, four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. This battery was assigned to support Fifth Corps, and thus on the march toward Gettysburg at the end of the reporting period. Captain Almont Barnes remained in command.
- Battery D: Bealton, Virgina! Again, under the fall reporting date. This battery had six 12-pdr Napoleons. This battery supported Third Corps as part of the Gettysburg Campaign. Lieutenant George B. Winslow remained in command.
- Battery E: No return. Reduced by sickness and other causes during the Peninsula Campaign. At the start of the quarter, the men of Battery E was assigned to 1st New York Independent Light Artillery, in Sixth Corps. In mid-June, the men transferred to support Battery L, 1st New York (below).
- Battery F: Yorktown, Virginia with four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Captain William R. Wilson’s battery remained part of Fourth Corps, Department of Virginia. Later in July, the battery moved to Camp Barry in Washington.
- Battery G: Accurately reported at Taneytown, Maryland, with six 12-pdr Napoleons. The battery moved from Second Corps to the 4th Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve in June. Captain Nelson Ames remained in command.
- Battery H: Reporting at Camp Barry with four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles, in October 1863. However, as the end of June, the battery, under Captain Charles E. Mink, was assigned to Fourth Corps and stationed at Yorktown. The battery was involved with Dix’s Peninsula Campaign.
- Battery I: No report. Captain Michael Wiedrich commanded this battery, assigned to Eleventh Corps. The battery had six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles at Gettysburg. And its employment on the field on July 1 might explain the lack of report.
- Battery K: Reporting at Brandy Station, Virginia with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. For the third straight quarter, this battery’s location reflects a January, 1864, report. In June 1863, Battery K was assigned to the 4th Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, under Captain Robert H. Fitzhugh. The 11th New York Independent Battery was attached to Battery K at this time, adding two guns (up from four the previous quarter).
- Battery L: Another “late” return, posted in February 1864, has this battery at Rappahannock Station, Virginia with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. This battery was on the field at Gettysburg supporting First Corps, on the first day of July. Captain Gilbert H. Reynolds took command in March.
- Battery M: No return. Battery M, under Lieutenant Charles Winegar, served in Twelfth Corps. The battery had four 10-pdr Parrott rifles at Gettysburg, with one section on Power’s Hill and another on McAllister’s Farm.
Thus nine of the twelve batteries were directly involved with the Gettysburg Campaign. We might say the other three were indirectly involved to some degree. Many stories I could relate and wealth of quotes related to those hot summer days of 1863. But for brevity, let us focus on the data of the summary.
Moving on to the ammunition, we have three batteries with 12-pdr Napoleons:
And three lines to consider:
- Battery A: 192 shot, 64 shell, 192 case, and 72 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- Battery D: 288 shot, 96 shell, 288 case, and 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- Battery G: 308 shot for 6-pdr field guns; 120 shell, 116 case, and 144 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
I would guess the tally of 6-pdr shot for Battery G was a transcription error, and rightly should be 12-pdr.
We have 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. So that means we should have Hotchkiss projectiles:
Five lines to consider:
- Battery C: 92 canister, 40 percussion shell, 136 fuse shell, and 424 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery F: 80 canister, 80 percussion shell, 160 fuse shell, and 480 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery H: 21 canister and 34 fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery K: 120 canister, 363 fuse shell, and 350 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery L: 120 canister, 39 percussion shell, and 600 (?) bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
A couple more lines to consider on the next page:
- Battery H: 128 shell, 530 shrapnel, and 160 canister for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery B: 320 shell, 520 case, and 96 canister for 10-pdr Parrott.
The last page indicates some Schenkl projectiles on hand:
Four batteries with Schenkl:
- Battery B: 80 shells for 10-pdr Parrott.
- Battery H: 3 shells for 3-inch rifles..
- Battery K: 356 shells for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery L: 441 shells for 3-inch rifles.
Again, we see a mix and match of projectiles, by patent, in the ammunition chests.
Lastly we turn to the small arms:
- Battery A: Seventeen Navy revolvers.
- Battery B: Twelve Navy revolvers and three cavalry sabers.
- Battery C: One Army revolver, eight Navy revolvers, and fourteen horse artillery sabers.
- Battery D: Eight Army revolvers and eight horse artillery sabers.
- Battery F: Thirteen Army revolvers and sixteen foot artillery swords.
- Battery G: Nineteen Army revolver and thirty-five horse artillery sabers.
- Battery H: Sixteen Navy revolvers and fifteen cavalry sabers.
- Battery K: Nine Navy revolvers and thirty cavalry sabers.
- Battery L: Seventeen Navy revolvers and ten horse artillery sabers.
A very fair assortment, with reasonable numbers, of small arms for the 1st New York. These were field artillerymen, first and foremost.