For this installment of the summary reports, we will look at the contributions of two states – New Hampshire and New Jersey. Between the two, by June 1863 were only three batteries of light artillery:
Just one battery from the Granite State. For the New Hampshire battery:
- 1st Battery: Reporting at Taneytown, Maryland with four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. After the Chancellorsville Campaign, Captain Frederick M. Edgell’s battery transferred from First Corps to Third Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac. If we go to Edgell’s official report of the Gettysburg Campaign, we find his battery expended 105 rounds on July 2nd (at ranges of 2,000 yards or more!) from a position off the Taneytown Road, in what is today the National Cemetery. On July 3, they fired counter-battery and later helped repulse Longstreet’s assault, with 248 rounds. The battery fired a total of 353 rounds, with Hotchkiss time shell and Schenkl percussion mentioned specifically. Edgell complained about the Schenkl combination fused case.
And from the Garden State, two batteries (three more batteries would muster in September 1863, but are outside our scope here):
- Battery A: In Maryland with six 10-pdr Parrotts. The battery was, after Chancellorsville, moved from the Sixth Corps to Fourth Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac. Lieutenant Augustine N. Parsons remained in command, with the absence of Captain William Hexamer. On June 30, the battery was, like most of the Artillery Reserve, near Taneytown. On July 3, Battery A went into action near the present day Pennsylvania Memorial, and thus on the opposite flank of Longstreet’s assault from the New Hampshire battery mentioned above. Parsons reported firing about 120 rounds of case against the infantry charge. Afterward, he fired an additional 80 rounds of shell at Confederate batteries, for a total of around 200 on the day.
- Battery B: Reported at Brandy Station, Virginia with six 10-pdr Parrotts, reflecting a March 1864 receipt date. Of course the battery was with the Third Corps, Army of the Potomac, on June 30, 1863, and between Emmitsburg and Taneytown. Captain A.Judson Clark commanded the battery. However, at least at the start of the Gettysburg Campaign, Clark was listed as a divisional artillery chief, a position that should have been redundant with battery consolidation at the corps level. Captain George E. Randolph, Battery E, 1st Rhode Island Artillery, was the corps artillery chief (somewhat confusing, even on the tablets at Gettysburg list both Randolph and Clark). While Clark was serving as chief, Lieutenant Robert Sims had charge of the battery. But all reports have Clark in command of the battery on July 2nd, when the battery advanced to support infantry at the Peach Orchard salient.
Thus we can place all three batteries in action at Gettysburg. Writing these summaries, I have an urge to discuss so much of the “rest of the story.” But for the moment, let us focus on the summaries and not the deeds (which most would agree are more interesting).
No smoothbores on hand, so no smoothbore ammunition to report. Turning to the Hotchkiss projectiles:
- 1st New Hampshire: 80 canister, 158 fuse shell, and 238 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
Keep in mind Edgell fired 353 rounds at Gettysburg. And we’ll revisit the totals below.
On the next page, we can trim down to focus on the Parrott projectiles:
The two New Jersey batteries reporting:
- Battery A, New Jersey: 130 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
- Battery B, New Jersey: 568 shell, 360 case, and 120 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
Parsons’ battery seems to be missing a large quantity of ammunition. And that cannot simply be accounted for by that expended in battle in July.
Moving to the next page and the Schenkl columns:
- 1st New Hampshire: 322 shells for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery B, New Jersey: 152 shells for 10-pdr Parrotts.
We find here some of the Schenkl shells that Edgell complained about. The total for that battery, on the summaries, is 798 rounds. Again, the question here – was that “as of June 30, 1863”? Or on hand as of the day the report was generated? Or quantity on hand sometime after the great battle?
Moving to the small arms section:
- 1st New Hampshire: Thirteen Navy revolvers and nine cavalry sabers.
- Battery A, New Jersey: Fifteen Army revolvers and twenty-seven horse artillery sabers.
- Battery B, New Jersey: Sixteen Navy revolvers and fifteen horse artillery sabers.
Three batteries from two different states. All three playing in action at Gettysburg.