Through June of 1863, the state of Maine provided six batteries to the Federal cause (a seventh would follow later in the year). Looking at the summary for the second quarter, 1863, we find the Ordnance Department recorded returns from four of the six:
Somewhat a regression from the previous quarter, where five of the six had recorded returns. But there’s little to speculate on the two missing returns. (And a reminder, Maine’s batteries are sometimes designated by number, and at other times by letter. Here we will stick to the format from the summary):
- 1st Battery: No return. Lieutenant John E. Morton remained in command of this battery, assigned to First Division, Nineteenth Corps, Department of the Gulf. And at the end of June, that formation was laying siege to Port Hudson. Reports earlier in the year gave the battery had four 6-pdr rifled guns and three 12-pdr howitzers.
- 2nd Battery: Hamilton (?), Virginia with six 3-inch Ordnance rifles. This is Captain James A. Hall’s battery, First Corps, Army of the Potomac. This assignment had them marching up from Emmitsburg, Maryland, camping at Marsh Creek, on June 30. We might attribute the location to the date of the return’s receipt – October 1863. But keep in mind the modern village of Hamilton, in Loudoun County, was named Harmony during the war. In October 1863, the battery was in Culpeper county.
- 3rd Battery: No report. At this stage of the war, 3rd Battery was re-designated Battery M, 1st Maine Heavy Artillery (it would later revert to light artillery). Captain James G. Swett commanded. The battery was stationed in the Defenses of Washington, on the north side of the Potomac. They were, for at least a portion of this time, assigned to Battery Jameson, outside Fort Lincoln.
- 4th Battery: Reporting at Rappahannock, Virginia with six 3-inch Ordnance rifles. The location is likely connected to the receipt date of August 1863. Captain O’Neil W. Robinson, Jr. commanded this battery. Assigned to French’s Division, Eighth Corps, Middle Department, the battery was among those at Harpers Ferry at the start of June. On June 30, the forces there moved to Frederick, Maryland. Later in the summer, the battery transferred, with it’s parent, into the Third Corps, Army of the Potomac.
- 5th Battery: Reporting, appropriately “in the field” with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain Greenleaf T. Stevens assumed command of this battery during the Chancellorsville Campaign. And of course, the battery was part of Wainwright’s brigade, supporting First Corps. Stevens has a knoll named for him at Gettysburg.
- 6th Battery: At Taneytown, Maryland with four 12-pdr Napoleons. The battery was part of the 4th Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, then advancing across Maryland, so the location is very accurate. Lieutenant Edwin B. Dow remained in command.
So we find four of these batteries involved with the Gettysburg campaign (with three actually on the field). One battery was at Port Hudson. Only the 3rd was not actually in a fight at the return’s due date.
Moving to the ammunition, two batteries had Napoleons and two have ammunition on hand:
- 5th Battery: 288 shot, 96 shell, 288 case, and 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 6th Battery: 192 shot, 64 shell, 192 case, and 64 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
Nothing out of the ordinary there.
Moving on to the rifled projectiles. Ordnance rifles were on hand, so we find Hotchkiss reported:
Again, two batteries reporting:
- 2nd battery: 359 fuse shell and 140 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
- 4th Battery: 120 canister, 381 fuse shell, and 699 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
For the next page, we can focus on the Dyer columns:
Just one reporting:
- 2nd Battery: 402 shrapnel and 137 canister of Dyer’s patent for 3-inch rifles.
Some time back, I was asked what Federal batteries might have had Dyer’s projectiles at Gettysburg. Well there is the the lead – Hall’s battery.
The next page has one entry:
Again, Hall’s battery:
- 2nd Battery: 156 Schenkl shells for 3-inch rifles.
Since we are seeing a lot of Hall’s Battery here, I’d point out his expenditure and losses at Gettysburg. In his official report, the battery fired 635 rounds. Eighteen men wounded and four captured. Twenty-eight horses killed and six wounded. One gun-carriage destroyed, and two others disabled (probably due to axles). But no guns lost…. Hall and a sergeant personally brought one abandoned gun off the field.
Turning last to the small arms:
Of the four batteries reporting:
- 2nd Battery: Sixteen Army revolvers and eleven cavalry sabers.
- 4th Battery: Eighteen Army revolvers and twenty-three(?) cavalry sabers.
- 5th Battery: Eleven Army revolvers and sixteen cavalry sabers.
- 6th Battery: Seven Army revolvers, 100(?) Navy revolvers and thirty-two(?) horse artillery sabers.
The odd bit here is with all those pistols in the 6th Battery. The previous quarter, the battery had but seven.