We move now to the Fifth US Artillery, which will complete our look through the Regulars for second quarter, 1863. For the reporting period in question, every battery of the regiment had something recorded. Though, that was not always cannon on hand. Three of the battery reports arrived at the Ordnance Department in 1864 or 1865. Otherwise, the Fifth appeared to have their paperwork in order. So let’s see if that was simply a false front:
Walking through the rows:
- Battery A: At Portsmouth, Virginia with six 12-pdr Napoleons. During the spring, Battery A transferred, with parent organization, to Seventh Corps. Under the new arrangements, Lieutenant James Gilliss’ battery supported Second Division of that corps. The battery had been at Suffolk, Virginia, but was moving over to the Peninsula for Dix’s brief demonstration toward Richmond in late June.
- Battery B: Reporting at Hagerstown, Maryland with no artillery! Battery B was at Fort Hamilton through much of the spring, completing its training and such. In June, Lieutenant Henry A. Du Pont led the battery, reporting to First Division, Department of the Susquehanna, within the Middle Department’s Eighth Corps. And the battery reported there with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.
- Battery C: Technically off by one day, the battery reported at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania with six 12-pdr Napoleons. With Captain Dunbar R. Ransom taking command of the 1st Brigade of the Artillery Reserve (Army of the Potomac), Lieutenant Gulian V. Weir assumed command of this battery.
- Battery D: Bealton, Virginia (?) with six 10-pdr Parrotts. Lieutenant Charles Hazlett’s battery supported Fifth Corps. The battery’s location on June 30 of the year was, of course, in the vicinity of Union Mills, Maryland. And, as many readers are well familiar, Hazlett’s tenure in command was to end a couple days later as he defended Little Round Top. Lieutenant Benjamin Rittenhouse was his able replacement.
- Battery E: At Fort Hamilton, New York but without cannons. As with Battery B above, Battery E completed its training and organization during the spring. And like that sister battery, Battery E was transferred to the Department of the Susquehanna in June. Lieutenant James W. Piper was in command. The battery had six 12-pdr Napoleons.
- Battery F: No location given, but with six 10-pdr Parrotts. The proper location, we know, was with Sixth Corps, around Manchester, Maryland. Lieutenant Leonard Martin commanded this battery, which would defend Cemetery Hill on July 3.
- Battery G: Port Hudson, Louisiana with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Lieutenant Jacob B. Rawles commanded this battery from Second Division, Nineteenth Corps.
- Battery H: Tullahoma, Tennessee with two 12-pdr Napoleons and four 10-pdr Parrotts. This was “flip” from the previous quarter, which I believe is in error. The battery likely had four Napoleons and two Parrotts at this stage of the war. Captain George A. Kensel assumed command of the battery in mid-spring. And the battery remained with First Division, Fourteenth Corps.
- Battery I: Reporting at West Point, New York with four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. But we know that location is in error, possibly reflecting the 1865 report receipt date. On June 30, Lieutenant Malbone F. Watson’s battery was with Fifth Corps along Pipe Creek. Watson would lose a leg while leading his battery at Gettysburg on July 2. Lieutenant Charles C. MacConnell took his place.
- Battery K: No location given, but with four 12-pdr Napoleons. Another battery which we know was on the road to Gettysburg. Lieutenant David H. Kinzie remained in command, but the battery transferred to the Twelfth Corps’ artillery.
- Battery L: Reporting at Maryland Heights, Maryland with two 6-pdr field guns. Lieutenant Edmund D. Spooner’s battery was caught up in the disaster at Winchester, Virginia. According to Spooner, eighteen men, armed only with sabers, escaped capture (having lost six Ordnance Rifles). What remained of the battery reported to Camp Barry, which I’d submit is a more accurate location. The report of two 6-pdrs points to some interesting inferences.
- Battery M: At Warrenton, Virginia with six 12-pdr Napoleons. This location might be accurate for August, when the report was received. But at the end of June 1863 the battery was around Yorktown and was involved with Dix’s demonstration there. Captain James McKnight’s battery was assigned to Fourth Corps.
So we see the batteries of the Fifth Regiment were actively engaged across the board. No easy garrison duty for those gunners!
Moving down the return… or more accurately, turning the page, we look at the smoothbore ammunition reported:
With the majority of the regiment’s batteries armed with Napoleons, we see those columns well populated:
- Battery A: 192 shot, 96 shell, 288 case, and 192 canister for Napoleons.
- Battery C: 465 shot, 162(?) shell, 369 case, and 100 canister for Napoleons.
- Battery G: 217 shot, 352 shell, 438 case, and 132 canister for Napoleons.
- Battery H: 172 shot, 64 shell, 171 case, and 100 canister for Napoleons.
- Battery K: 36 shot, 5 shell, and 3 case for Napoleons.
- Battery M: 288 shot, 96 shell, 288 case, and 96 canister for Napoleons.
The line that stands out is for Battery K. Might those be the quantities on hand at the close of July 3, 1863?
Battery E probably had ammunition for its Napoleons on hand, but not reflecting on this report.
Spooner’s hard-luck, fought-out battery with their 6-pdrs reported:
- Battery L: 96 shot, 56 case, and 48 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
Moving now to the rifled projectiles, there were two batteries with 3-inch Ordnance Rifles, but only one of which offered a full report. Even with that, the Hotchkiss columns were noticeably short:
With Battery B still “new” and not fully reporting, only Battery I had Hotchkiss entries:
- Battery I: 100 canister and 400 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
For the next page, we can narrow the review down to three batteries with Parrott rifles:
Those three were:
- Battery D: 320 shell, 500 case, and 48 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
- Battery F: 480 shell, 480 case, and 144 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
- Battery H: 240 shell, 54 case, and 94 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
And the next page, there were quantities of Schenkl projectiles reported:
Two entries for Parrott batteries and one for the 3-inch battery:
- Battery D: 360 shell for 10-pdr Parrott.
- Battery F: 120 shell for 10-pdr Parrott.
- Battery I: 300 shell for 3-inch rifles.
Overall, the two “pure” Parrott batteries seemed well provisioned. Battery H, which was mixed, might be a little lean. And Battery I, with its 3-inch rifles, seemed a bit short. But that might, again, be due to what the battery did during those first days of July.
That leaves us the small arms to consider… and a lot to consider:
Yes, a FULL slate of small arms reported:
- Battery A: Twenty-two Army revolvers and sixty-five horse artillery sabers.
- Battery B: A hundred Army revolvers and 138 horse artillery sabers.
- Battery C: Fifty-five Army revolvers and nineteen horse artillery sabers.
- Battery D: Thirteen Navy revolvers, fifteen cavalry sabers, and thirty-seven horse artillery sabers.
- Battery E: Twelve Army revolvers and 107 horse artillery sabers.
- Battery F: Twenty-four Army revolvers and twenty horse artillery sabers.
- Battery G: Twenty-one horse artillery sabers.
- Battery H: Sixteen Navy revolvers, five cavalry sabers, and thirty-nine horse artillery sabers.
- Battery I: Twenty-one Army revolvers and thirty-five horse artillery sabers.
- Battery K: Fifty-eight Army revolvers and sixteen horse artillery sabers.
- Battery L: Nothing… not even the sabers reported carried off the field at Winchester.
- Battery M: Twenty-four Navy revolvers and twenty horse artillery sabers.
We again must keep in mind the time frame and context. These numbers on the sheet were cannon, ammunition, and small arms which would be put to use by these batteries in June and July 1863.