The wartime service of the 3rd US Artillery was, in my opinion, “cushy”. Several batteries remained on the west coast. No doubt a vital assignment, ensuring the gold of California remained secure (and that’s not said with any sarcasm). But since so much of the regiment served as garrison artillery, that left little to report in the Ordnance Returns. Thus a lot of white space for the 2nd quarter of 1863:
We find only four batteries reported having field artillery tubes on hand!
- Battery A – At Albuquerque, New Mexico with two 12-pdr field howitzers and two 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Same as the previous quarter. And, updating my own notes here, Lieutenant John B. Shinn was in command of this battery (brevetted to captain for his service on the initial campaigns in New Mexico).
- Battery B – Given the annotation “Infy. Stores.” The battery remained at Fort Point, San Francisco, California.
- Battery C – No location given, but with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Part of the Second Brigade of the Horse Artillery, Army of the Potomac. Lieutenant William D. Fuller was in command. The battery was not on the field at Gettysburg (and thus often left off some order of battle listings) but was with the Second Brigade, Second Division, Cavalry Corps at Westminster, Maryland.
- Battery D – At Alcatraz Island, California with the annotation “Infy. Stores.” Captain William A. Winder, of the 3rd US Artillery, commanded the garrison of Alcatraz at this time of the war. Under his command were Batteries D, H, and I (which we will mention below).
- Battery E – No return. Serving in the Department of the South, posted to Folly Island, South Carolina at the end of June. Lieutenant John R. Myrick was in command.
- Battery F – At Warrenton Junction, Virginia with six 12-pdr Napoleons. The location is certainly in error for the June 30th date, but accurate for August when the report was received in Washington. This battery, combined with Battery K (below), was assigned to the 1st US Regular Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, under Lieutenant John G. Turnbull. So the location was somewhere between Frederick, Maryland and Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
- Battery G – Fort Turnbull, Connecticut but without any assigned cannon. The battery had been disbanded the previous fall and was being reorganized with new recruits. Eventually, Lieutenant Herbert F. Guthrie would command, but I am not certain as to the date of his assignment.
- Battery H – “Infy. Stores” with location as Alcatraz Island, California.
- Battery I – Also “Infy. Stores” and at Alcatraz Island.
- Battery K – Annotated as “with Battery F”. See that battery’s notes above.
- Battery L – At Columbus, Kentucky with six 10-pdr Parrotts. Combined with Battery M, below. Captain John Edwards in command. The battery was assigned to First Division, Ninth Corps. At the start of the spring was posted to Kentucky. In early June, the battery moved with its parent division to reinforce Vicksburg. And after the fall of Vicksburg the battery was part of the pursuit to Jackson, Mississippi. So a well-traveled battery.
- Battery M – “With Battery L” at Columbus. — At Lexington, Kentucky with six 10-pdr Parrotts.
- Lieutenant – “Stores in Charge.” This line tallied various implements and supplies, apparently assigned to a lieutenant of the regiment, but with no location indicated.
So the service details out of the way, we turn to the ammunition reported on hand, starting with smoothbore ammunition:
Two lines to consider, but not without some notes:
- Battery A: 148 shot, 112 case, and 216 canister for 6-pdr field guns; 170 shell, 240 case, and 88 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers; and 24 shells for 12-pdr field guns.
- Battery F & K: 360 shot, 96 shell, 198 case, and 104 canister for 12-pdr Napoleon.
Battery F’s quantities, though with a rather high number of solid shot, are within reason. But Battery A, out there in New Mexico, held on to ammunition for a pair of 6-pdrs that were no longer on hand. I’m not going to say the 12-pdr shells there in Albuquerque were for Napoleons or the old 12-pdr heavy field guns. Regardless, their listing here raises an unresolved question.
Moving to rifled projectiles, we have to consider Hotchkiss types first:
Two batteries up again:
- Battery A: 96 canister, 144 percussion shell, 110 fuse shell, and 288 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery C: 30 canister and 50 fuse shell for 3-inch rifles.
We can trim the next page to focus only on the Parrott columns:
That much traveled battery out at Vicksburg:
- Batteries L & M: 618 shell, 435 case, and 265 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
And we have but one entry to consider for Schenkl:
- Battery C: 18 shells for 3-inch rifles.
That last entry fills up, somewhat, the allocation for Battery C. But one expect to see more. The report arrived in Washington in November, 1863.
We move last to the small arms:
Hopefully those numbers are legible. The original lacked clarity in the column lines. And overall the sheet’s quality diminishes towards the bottom of the page. Here’s what I transcribe:
- Battery A: Thirteen carbines, eighty-six Army revolvers, seventy-six Navy revolvers, and eighty-seven horse artillery sabers.
- Battery C: One carbine, twenty-six Navy revolvers, thirty-five cavalry sabers, and 172 horse artillery sabers.
- Battery F & K: Thirteen Navy revolvers and forty-five horse artillery sabers.
- Battery G: Eighty-six horse artillery sabers.
- Battery L & M: Fifteen Army revolvers and forty-five horse artillery sabers.
I can understand Battery A, out in the far west and given many non-artillery duties, would need carbines, pistols, and sabers. But Battery C? That’s a lot of sabers… even for a data entry error!