Back in the summer, the folks at Gettysburg put a pair of 20-pdr Parrotts back out on the field. I’m a bit behind in my writing assignments… and it is cold outside… so let me post some summertime photos to warm you up a bit:
The location is Captain Robert Stribling’s Battery (the Fauquier Artillery) along West Confederate Avenue. The battery manned two 20-pdr Parrotts and four 12-pdr Napoleons at the time of the battle. And what we see here are a pair of 20-pdr Parrotts representing the battery at this position. This pair is somewhat unique among surviving weapons, being the only such (that I know of) produced by Macon Arsenal.
Recall Macon Arsenal included one of the government-run foundries setup by the Confederacy. The arsenal is most known for the production of 12-pdr Napoleons. But the arsenal also produced a small number of iron guns, following the layout of the Parrott rifle system. In the past, I’ve mentioned a 10-pdr Parrott which is suspected to be from Macon. Arsenal records indicate a handful of 20-pdr and 30-pdr Parrotts were also produced. Of, probably, five 20-pdr Parrotts produced by Macon, we have these two survivors. So you can say these had a good survival rate… or be thankful to have two survivors out of such a small production run.
Unlike the 10-pdr at Chancellorsville, there is no doubt as to the origin of the 20-pdrs:
Right there on top – “Macon Arsenal”. The other stampings read “1864” for the year of production (perhaps matching to April or May in arsenal records); “1660” is the recorded weight, in pounds; “No.1” is the foundry number; and “E.T.” for either the inspector or other official making acceptance.
The gun’s mate has similar markings, but a fair bit clearer:
Note the differences here with the weight being 1664 pounds and the foundry number of 3. We also see the rifling – five right handed spiral grooves.
Do watch for the wasps there.
Working our way back from the muzzle, we see a clamp of sorts around the end of the chase, just short of the muzzle swell:
That on No.1 appears to be aligned, while that on No.3 is askew after 150 years of handling. The band itself is a fraction over 1 inch in width:
As seen on the right, what appears to be a square pin goes through the strap. Presumably this is what remains of the front sight. The open end of the strap is fixed by a bolt (seen above). The other side is hinged:
That is on No.3, where the strap is askew, where the hinge is easier to view. Notice, to the right, you don’t see the pin that might be the front sight. This strap is apparently both out of alignment and upside down.
Looking at the barrel itself, thanks to a fresh coat of paint we can see a lot of surface details.
The casting seam may be traced right back through the shoulders to the band. And very little turning was done to smooth the surface. This would not pass the Federal inspections but was determined as sufficient for Confederate needs. Turning just added to the processing time and gave picky inspectors something to fret over… in J.R. Anderson’s opinion, at least.
And we get back to what makes this a Parrott, the band:
I’ve taken the time to collect some rough field measurements. But I wish to save those for a post comparing the bands of Federal, Tredegar, and Macon Parrotts of this caliber. That in mind, we’ll save full discussion of the band arrangement for later. But do note the slight radial line visible about a quarter the way up from the breech. That may be a trace left over from butt-welding the rings constituting the band. Also notice a scuff mark just in front of the band. Perhaps a vestige of the work to force the bands onto the barrel? Or yet another result of bad handling?
Looking at the breech, we see arrangements for the rear sight at the top position:
Just seems like a lot of inherent inaccuracies built in with that front sight on a strap. But then again, this isn’t a sniping rifle.
Notice the casting seem down the face of the breech. And we also see a dent in the knob. Battle damage or mishandling? Probably the latter.
Here is a better view of the rear sight area:
And again we see “scuffs” near where the band is attached over the barrel.
It is good to see these old guns back on the field after many years absence.
Many thanks to those who work restoring these guns and the organizations that aid the park service in this regard. Very good work with these two rare guns. And it is good to see them on the field instead of stuffed in a museum. Better to have them on the field, in spite of the risk due to weathering and wear. Cannons were made to point out over a battlefield. And though these two could not possibly be Gettysburg veterans (due to the date of manufacture), they stand in well in place of those that were.