We come to the last section of the first quarter, 1863 summaries. Those lines are for the batteries from the state of Wisconsin:
We should see twelve batteries in the summary (a thirteenth would not be formed until December 1863). And we see twelve lines. Though, those are somewhat incomplete. So let’s walk through to fill in the administrative blanks:
- 1st Battery: Reporting at New Orleans with six 20-pdr Parrotts. The location was valid for August 1864, when the return was received in Washington. As for the battery’s location in the winter of 1863, they were around Milliken’s Bend with the rest of Ninth Division, Thirteenth Corps. When Captain Jacob T. Foster became the division artillery chief, Lieutenant Charles B. Kimball assumed command of the battery.
- 2nd Battery: No location given, but with four 12-pdr field howitzers and two 10-pdr Parrotts. Captain Charles Beger commanded this battery, supporting Seventh Corps. During the winter months, the battery moved from Camp Hamilton to Suffolk, Virginia.
- 3rd Battery: No return. The Badger Battery, under Lieutenant Cortland Livingston, became part of Third Division, Twenty-first Corps during the winter reorganization of the Army of the Cumberland. The battery was stationed at Murfreesboro.
- 4th Battery: At Suffolk, Virginia with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. As with the 2nd Battery, the 4th Battery moved to Suffolk during the winter. Both batteries were part of an artillery battalion assigned to the Seventh Corps. Captain John F. Vallee commanded this battery.
- 5th Battery: No return. The battery was assigned to First Division, Twentieth Corps, and thus wintered at Murfreesboro. Captain George Q. Gardner assumed command of a battery recovering from battle at Stones River. A consolidated Army of the Cumberland report indicated the battery had two 12-pdr Napoleons, two 12-pdr mountain howitzers, and two 10-pdr Parrotts in June 1863.
- 6th Battery: At Cartersville, Georgia with two 6-pdr field guns, two 12-pdr field howitzers, and two 3.80-inch James Rifles. Another case of a location derived from a later reporting date, with Cartersville being valid for October 1864. In December 1862, the “Buena Vista Battery” spent most of the winter at Memphis, part of Seventh Division, Seventeenth Corps. The battery later moved down the Mississippi with its parent organization to play an active part in the Vicksburg Campaign. Captain Henry Dillon commanded.
- 7th Battery: At Jackson, Tennessee with two 6-pdr field guns and one 12-pdr field howitzer. Lieutenant Galen E. Green remained in command of this battery, assigned to Third Division, Sixteenth Corps.
- 8th Battery: At Murfreesboro with four 12-pdr Napoleons and two 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Assigned to First Division, Twentieth Corps as part of the winter reorganizations. Captain Henry E. Stiles (with promotion) remained in command.
- 9th Battery: Fort Lyon, Colorado with four 6-pdr field guns and two 12-pdr field howitzers. Captain Cyrus H. Johnson commanded this battery posted in the District of Colorado.
- 10th Battery: At Nashville, Tennessee with six 6-pdr field guns. Captain Yates V. Beebe’s battery was assigned to the Second Division, Reserve Corps, Army of the Cumberland.
- 11th Battery: No return. This battery became Battery L, 1st Illinois Light Artillery in February 1862, and was never replaced in the Wisconsin lineup.
- 12th Battery: No location offered, but with four 10-pdr Parrotts. Captain William Zickerick commanded the 12th, assigned to Seventh Division, Seventeenth Corps. During the winter, the battery moved (with parent organization) from Memphis to Milliken’s Bend.
Administrative details out of the way, we turn to the ammunition. First up is the smoothbore types:
A lot of numbers with a curve or two:
- 2nd Battery: 104 shell and 118 case for 12-pdr Napoleon; 32 canister for 12-pdr field howitzer. With the battery reporting howitzers on hand, something was amiss here – be that the reporting, the clerks transcribing, or the ammunition issued. I’ll lean towards transcription error.
- 6th Battery: 131 shot, 238 case, and 146 canister for 6-pdr field guns; 81 shell, 68 case, and 144 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers.
- 7th Battery: 60 shot, 80 case, and 45 canister for 6-pdr field guns; 15 case for 12-pdr field howitzers; 15 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons. Yet another line with a probable error.
- 8th Battery: 32 shot, 96 shell, 64 case, and 64 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- 9th Battery: 400 shot, 320 case, and 80 canister for 6-pdr field guns; 150 shell and 190 case for 12-pdr field howitzers.
- 10th Battery: 585 shot, 480 case, and 120 canister for 6-pdr field guns.
Moving down to the rifled ammunition, the tallies become more predictable. Two batteries reported 3-inch rifles on hand, and those also reported Hotchkiss projectiles:
- 4th Battery: 109 canister, 632 percussion shell, 200 fuse shell, and 130 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
- 8th Battery: 151 canister, 486 fuse shell, and 94 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
A lot of blank columns on the next page. So let us focus on parts. First entry on the left is for Dyer’s projectiles:
- 4th Battery: 66 shrapnel for 3-inch rifles.
Moving over, we have Parrott rifles and so Parrott projectiles:
- 1st Battery: 600 shell, 143 case, and 122 canister for 20-pdr Parrotts.
- 2nd Battery: 111 shell, 4 case, and 96 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
- 12th Battery: 502 shell, 149 case, and 119 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
Notice one column there to the right, for Schenkl projectiles. We want to consider that along with the next page:
Again, these are Schenkl patent projectiles for the respective rifles:
- 1st Battery: 274 shell for 20-pdr Parrotts.
- 4th Battery: 170 shell for 3-inch rifles
- 12th Battery: 28 shot for 10-pdr Parrotts (from the preceding page).
That brings us to the small arms:
- 1st Battery: Thirteen Army revolvers, seventy-one cavalry sabers, and four horse artillery sabers.
- 2nd Battery: Twenty Army revolvers and 133 horse artillery sabers.
- 4th Battery: Seventeenth Army revolvers and 121 horse artillery sabers.
- 6th Battery: Thirty-five cavalry sabers.
- 8th Battery: Fifty Navy revolvers and four cavalry sabers.
- 9th Battery: 121 Navy revolvers and nineteen cavalry sabers.
- 10th Battery: Eighteen horse artillery sabers.
- 12th Battery: Eight cavalry sabers.
That concludes the Wisconsin batteries, and overall the summaries for the first quarter of 1863. Before moving on to the next quarter’s summaries, I may… not sure if there is enough for a post… but may work up a listing of batteries missed by the clerks compiling the summaries for that quarter.