When transcribing the summary statements, I like to see clean entries where clerks have recorded returns for all listed batteries. Such reduces questions to some manageable level. And that is what we see with the Rhode Island volunteers for the first quarter, 1863:
Not exactly crisp, however. We see one entry was delayed until 1864. And we have two station entries that are blank. Still, better than many we’ve encountered. As with the previous quarter, we have two parts to consider for the Rhode Island artillerymen. We start with the 1st Rhode Island Artillery Regiment:
- Battery A: At Falmouth, Virginia with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Captain William A. Arnold remained in commanded this battery, supporting Second Division, Second Corps.
- Battery B: No station given, but with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Battery was also assigned to Second Division, Second Corps and was thus also at Falmouth. When Captain John G. Hazard became the division’s artillery chief, Lieutenant T. Frederick Brown assumed command (the move occurred at the end of the winter months).
- Battery C: No station given, but with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Captain Richard Waterman commanded this battery, assigned to First Division, Fifth Corps. The battery was also in the Falmouth area.
- Battery D: At Lexington, Kentucky with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain William W. Buckley commanded this battery assigned to Second Division, Ninth Corps. Recall this division was among the troops dispatched wet to Kentucky, with Burnside, during the winter months.
- Battery E: At Falmouth with six 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain Pardon S. Jastram’s battery remained with First Division, Third Corps.
- Battery F: At New Berne, North Carolina with six 10-pdr Parrotts (shed of two howitzers reported in the last quarter). Captain James Belger commanded this battery, part of the Artillery Brigade, Eighteenth Corps.
- Battery G: Falmouth, Virginia with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Assigned to Third Division, Second Corps, then at Falmouth. Captain George W. Adams assumed command prior to the Chancellorsville Campaign.
- Battery H: At Union Mills, Virginia with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Assigned to Casey’s Division, Twenty-second Corps from the Defenses of Washington. Captain Jeffrey Hazard commanded this battery.
Moving down a lot of blank lines, we have one battery from the 3rd Rhode Island Heavy Artillery that was serving in the light artillery capacity:
- Company C: At Beaufort, South Carolina with four 12-pdr field howitzers, having turned in it’s mix of Parrotts and 24-pdr field howitzers. Captain Charles R. Brayton was in command, assigned to the Tenth Corps.
The Rhode Island batteries were somewhat uniform, with the few mixed batteries refitting from the previous quarter. Such makes the ammunition listings predictable:
Four batteries of smoothbores… but only three listings:
- Battery B: 288 shot, 96 shell, 388(?) case, and 96 canister for Napoleons.
- Battery E: 288 shot, 96 shell, 288 case, and 96 canister for Napoleons.
- Battery C, 3rd Artillery: 426 shell, 549 case, and 164 canister for 12-pdr field howitzers.
So no ammunition reported for Battery D. And two very suspiciously uniform lines for Battery B and E. Battery C, by the way, had plenty of ammunition on hand.
Moving to the rifled columns, we saw four batteries with 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Correspondingly, four batteries reported Hotchkiss projectiles in that caliber:
Quantities reported were all for 3-inch rifles:
- Battery A: 195 canister, 57 percussion shell, 467 fuse shell, and 509 bullet shell.
- Battery C: 120 canister, 251 percussion shell, 193 fuse shell, and 603 bullet shell.
- Battery G: 239 canister, 104 percussion shell, 211 fuse shell, and 461 bullet shell.
- Battery H: 120 canister, 250 percussion shell, 280 fuse shell, and 582 bullet shell.
We saw one battery with Parrott rifles. And there is one entry line to consider:
- Battery F: 1,293 shell, 171 case, and 134 canister for 10-pdr Parrotts.
Yes, 1,293 shells…. 215 shells per gun in that battery.
The only “strays” in this set are on the Schenkl columns:
Two batteries reporting quantities:
- Battery A: 157 Schenkl shells for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery G: 181 Schenkl shells for 3-inch rifles.
Other than a few open questions (particularly with Battery D, moving to the Ohio Valley, not reporting ammunition on hand) these are “clean”. So on to the small arms.
- Battery A: Four Army revolvers, twenty Navy revolvers, and thirty-nine horse artillery sabers.
- Battery B: Twenty-five horse artillery sabers.
- Battery C: Eight Navy revolvers and twelve horse artillery sabers.
- Battery D: Eight Army revolvers, twelve Navy revolvers, and eighteen horse artillery sabers.
- Battery E: Seventeen Navy revolvers.
- Battery F: Sixteen Army revolvers, eighty-eight Navy revolvers, twenty cavalry sabers, and nine horse artillery sabers.
- Battery G: Fourteen Army revolvers and eighteen horse artillery sabers.
- Battery H: Twenty Army revolvers and thirty-two horse artillery sabers.
- Battery C, 3rd Artillery: Forty-nine Navy revolvers and 120 cavalry sabers.
There were two batteries included within these summaries which lacked any direct affiliation with the Army of the Potomac (Battery D was leaving that army, being transferred west). Those two batteries, Battery F and lone heavy battery serving as light, were posted to backwater assignments. Those two batteries reported a larger quantity of small arms on hand, as they assumed some non-artillery roles in the line of duty.