From Ohio, we move one state to the east for Pennsylvania. As related for the previous quarter, the 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery began with eight batteries, A through H. Battery I was added near the end of the war. So for the first quarter, 1863 we only have those original batteries to discuss. Of those eight, the clerks recorded seven returns:
None of those “odd” or “obsolete” weapons. These batteries were all Napoleons, Ordnance Rifles, and Parrotts:
- Battery A: No return. This battery was kicked around all winter. In January, Lieutenant John G. Simpson’s battery was in Third Division, First Corps at Belle Plain. In February, the battery went to Third Division, Ninth Corps, then transferring to Fort Monroe. When the corps was reassigned to Kentucky, the Third Division (Getty’s) was left behind, later being brought under the Seventh Corps. A good excuse for no report! Somewhere along the way Simpson was promoted to Captain. The battery had four 12-pdr Napoleons.
- Battery B: Belle Plain, Virginia with four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Assigned to Third Division, First Corps battery. Captain James H. Cooper commanded.
- Battery C: White Oak Church, Virginia with six 10-pdr Parrotts (an increase from the last report). During the winter, Batteries C and D were consolidated, under Captain Jeremiah McCarthy (Battery C), remaining with Third Division, Sixth Corps.
- Battery D: At White Oak Church, Virginia with four 10-pdr Parrotts. As indicated above, consolidated with Battery C. Captain Michael Hall, being a junior captain, mustered out. So here’s where the clerk’s numbers come into question. Were the two new guns for Battery C transferred from Battery D? And if so, were do we reconcile the quantities given on the line below for Battery D? I’ll just transcribe… you debate….
- Battery E: At Yorktown, Virginia with four 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain Thomas G. Orwig commanded this battery, assigned to the Artillery Reserve of Fourth Corps.
- Battery F: At Belle Plain, with four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Lieutenant R. Bruce Ricketts commanded this battery, which supported Second Division, First Corps.
- Battery G: Also at Belle Plain and with four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Commanded by Captain Frank P. Amsden and assigned to Third Division, First Corps. (Of note, Batteries G was soon to be attached to Battery F, but later in the spring.)
- Battery H: At Gloucester Point, Virginia with four 12-pdr Napoleons. Captain Andrew Fagan commanded this battery, which was part of the Artillery Reserve, Fourth Corps.
Moving to the next page, we find smoothbore ammunition on hand is a simple pair of lines:
- Battery E: 176 shot, 64 shell, and 192 case for 12-pdr Napoleon. The entry of 80 canister for 6-pdr field guns is likely a transcription error, which should be on the Napoleon column.
- Battery H: 182 shot, 54 shell, 162 case, and 64 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
Of course, nothing for Battery A, which had reported 239 shot, 181 case, and 92 canister for 12-pdr Napoleon the previous quarter.
Moving to rifled projectiles, the first page covers Hotchkiss patent types:
These are all for 3-inch rifles:
- Battery B: 20 canister and 380 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery F: 80 canister, 80 percussion shell, 56 fuse shell, and 504 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery G: 223 fuse shell and 420 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
The next page of rifled projectiles, I’ll break down into segments.
Battery G reported 80 3-inch Dyer’s canister on hand.
Moving right to the Parrott columns:
The consolidated Battery C and D had two lines:
- Battery C: 292 shell, 523 case, and 145 canister for 10-pdr Parrott.
- Battery D: 299 shell, 503 case, and 96 canister for 10-pdr Parrott.
So plenty of ammunition for that consolidated battery.
Not much more to consider for the Schenkl columns:
- Battery B: 285 shell for 3-inch rifles.
- Battery G: 97 shell for 3-inch rifles.
Moving over to the small arms:
- Battery B: Sixteen Navy revolvers and seventeen horse artillery sabers.
- Battery C: Seventeen Navy revolvers and fourteen horse artillery sabers.
- Battery D: Fifteen Navy revolvers and twelve horse artillery sabers.
- Battery E: Eight Navy revolvers, twenty-four cavalry sabers, and eight horse artillery sabers.
- Battery F: Eight Army revolvers, ten Navy revolvers, one cavalry saber, and four horse artillery sabers.
- Battery G: Eleven Army revolvers and ten horse artillery sabers.
- Battery H: Fourteen Navy revolvers and eleven horse artillery sabers.
That completes a relatively short entry for the 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery. But up next is what promises to be a lengthy entry on the independent batteries from the state!