Given the nature of mustering, organizing, and outfitting, it was rare that all the batteries of a light artillery regiment went to war as a set. Arguably, that is what happened with the 3rd New York Light Artillery Regiment. Arguably… as the regiment was also not completely outfitted as light artillery, serving as heavy artillery. I briefly discussed the regiment’s formation in the preface to the fourth quarter return. And we saw the regiment (minus Battery L, which was really just a paper designation) served in North Carolina, mostly around New Bern. With the new year changes came. First, Colonel James H. Ledlie became the Chief of Artillery, Eighteenth Corps. Lieutenant-Colonel Charles H. Stewart then assumed command of the regiment, with Lieutenant-Colonel Henry M. Stone as second in command. But the regiment was not to remain intact. Major-General David Hunter called for reinforcements for his planned offensive on Charleston. Along with other units, Major-General John Foster sent Batteries A, B, C, D, E, F, and I to the Department of the South. The other batteries remained in North Carolina, and many men saw action in the Siege of Washington, March 30-April 20, 1863.
With those changes in mind, what do we see on the returns for the quarter?
Strictly according to the clerks at the Ordnance Department:
- Battery A: No return.
- Battery B: No location listed, but reporting six 12-pdr Napoleons.
- Battery C: Infantry Stores, New Bern, North Carolina.
- Battery D: Infantry Stores, New Bern, North Carolina.
- Battery E: New Berne, armed with two 24-pdr and two 32-pdr field howitzers.
- Battery F: No return.
- Battery G: No return.
- Battery H: New Berne with six 12-pdr Napoleons.
- Battery I: New Berne reporting four 20-pdr Parrotts.
- Battery K: New Berne with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.
- Battery L: No return. Again, this battery did not exist
- Battery M: Infantry Stores, New Bern, North Carolina.
But allow me to reconcile these lines against details from the regimental history. First off, the batteries, or sections thereof, transferred to South Carolina:
- Battery A: Lieutenant Martin Laughlin with 60 men to serve as heavy artillery, armed with rifles.
- Battery B: Captain Joseph J. Morrison, with 102 men serving six 12-pdr Napoleons. (Although Captain James B. Ashcroft appears on other records.)
- Battery C: Lieutenant Charles B. Randolph with 26 men serving as heavy artillery.
- Battery D: Lieutenant Luke Brannick with 25 men serving as heavy artillery.
- Battery E: Captain Theodore H. Schenck with 90 men also serving as heavy artillery. Presumably leaving the heavy howitzers in North Carolina.
- Battery F: Captain Edwin S. Jenny (when promoted, replaced by Captain David A. Taylor) and 94 men with six 6-pdr Wiards (Though I question if that caliber or the 12-pdrs were assigned).
- Battery I: Lieutenant George W. Thomas, 98 men, and six 12-pdr Napoleons (in lieu of 20-pdr Parrotts?). (However, Captain John H. Ammon was listed as battery commander.)
Note that some batteries were reduced much in manpower, in part due to expiration of enlistments. We see some matches to the returns, with equipment reported. And some clear misses! And we might correctly allocate Batteries A, B, E, and I, at least, to Port Royal at this time. These seven batteries/sections were carried on some returns as a battalion, under Schenk. (And I would mention, as a shameless promotion of other blog posts, you readers are familiar with these batteries from their work during the summer of 1863 on Morris Island.)
Back in North Carolina, Battery G was part of the Washington (North Carolina) garrison. Batteries H, K, and M reported from New Bern. Sections, or at least detachments, from Batteries E, F, and I remained at New Bern. Thus we have some reconciliation between the actual duty location and that indicated on the summary. Of those not mentioned above, here were the battery commander assignments:
- Battery G: Captain John Wall.
- Battery H: Captain William J. Riggs.
- Battery K: Captain James R. Angel.
- Battery M: Captain John H. Howell.
I’ve spent much longer discussing the organization and activities of the regiment, as that sets up for a longer discussion, during the next couple of quarters, as batteries were mustered out and replaced. And besides, with all those “Infantry Stores” lines, there are not a lot of artillery projectiles to count!
Turning beyond that organizational aspect of the 3rd New York, let us look at ammunition on hand. First the smoothbore:
Three batteries to consider:
- Battery B: 648 shot, 408 shell, 848 case, and 440 canister for 12-pdr Napoleon (I believe column entries for shell is another clerking error.)
- Battery E: 42 shell, 166 case, 42 canister for 24-pdr field howitzers; 66 shell, 130 case, and 48 canister for 32-pdr field howitzers.
- Battery H: 439 shot, 130 shell, 464 case, and 160 canister for 12-pdr Napoleon. (Again, the entry for case appears to be a transcription error by the clerks.)
We see above that Battery E did not take the big howitzers to South Carolina. Later, there are reports of howitzers of those calibers around New Bern. So I assume those were transferred to the garrison there.
Moving to ammunition for the rifles, there are short entries:
Just one battery with Hotchkiss:
- Battery K: 184 canister, 160 percussion shell, 287 fuse shell, 452 bullet shell for 3-inch rifles.
On the next page of rifled projectiles, we can focus on entries for Parrott-types:
And that is for 20-pdrs that we might assume, based on regimental history, were left in North Carolina:
- Battery I: 541 shell and 450 case shot for 20-pdr Parrotts.
Moving to the third page, likewise only one line reporting… and that on the far right of the section:
- Battery I: 123 Tatham 3.67-inch canister.
While Tatham is most associated with James and other bronze rifles, the 20-pdr Parrott’s bore was 3.67-inch.
Lastly, we turn to the small arms:
By battery reporting:
- Battery B: Twenty Army revolvers and thirty-three horse artillery sabers.
- Battery E: Nineteen Navy revolvers, two cavalry sabers, and thirty-one horse artillery sabers.
- Battery H: Thirty-one Navy revolvers and fifty horse artillery sabers.
- Battery I: Ten Army revolvers, nine Navy revolvers, and forty horse artillery sabers.
- Battery K: Twenty-seven Navy revolvers, three cavalry sabers, and fifty-two horse artillery sabers.
Would be interesting to have a full set of returns for the small arms. Some of the “heavy” batteries are listed here, but not all. Given the nature of the 3rd regiment’s service at this point in the war, it is odd not to see long guns reported.
(Details of the 3rd New York Artillery’s service from Henry Hall and James Hall, Cayuga in the field : a record of the 19th N. Y. Volunteers, all the batteries of the 3d New York Artillery, and 75th New York Volunteers, Auburn, New York, 1873.)