The next set of entries in the first quarter, 1863 summaries cover volunteer batteries from the states of New Hampshire and New Jersey. New Hampshire provided one light battery during the war. And that is listed for the quarter. New Jersey had only provided two such batteries up to that time (but three others were to form later). So for these two states there are three entry lines:
For the New Hampshire battery:
- 1st Battery: At Belle Plain, Virginia with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles. Captain Frederick M. Edgell’s battery was in First Division, First Corps, Army of the Potomac.
And for the two New Jersey batteries:
- Battery A: White Oak Church, Virginia with six 10-pdr Parrotts. The battery supported First Division, Sixth Corps. When Captain William Hexamer fell ill during the winter, Lieutenant Augustine N. Parsons assumed command of the battery.
- Battery B: Potomac Creek, Virginia with six 10-pdr Parrotts. In January 1863, Captain A.Judson Clark commanded this battery, assigned to Second Division, Third Corps. During the winter, the battery transferred to First Division of the corps. When Clark took command of the artillery brigade in that formation, Lieutenant Robert Sims held command of the battery.
No surprises with the administrative details. And we see only rifled guns were on hand with these three batteries. Thus we draw a blank page when looking at smoothbore ammunition:
Turning to the rifled projectiles, only the New Hampshire battery reported Hotchkiss-patent types:
- 1st New Hampshire: 126 canister, 182 percussion shell, 538 fuse shell, and 360 bullet shell for 3-inch rifle.
On the next page, we can narrow the focus down to just Parrott-patent and Schenkl-patent entries:
And those are only for the New Jersey batteries:
- Battery A, New Jersey: 530 shell, 360 case, and 134 canister of Parrott patent for 10-pdr Parrott. And 70 shot of Schenkl-patent for the same 10-pdr Parrotts.
- Battery B, New Jersey: 380 shell, 340 case, and 146 canister of Parrott patent for 10-pdr Parrott.
Continuing with Schenkl columns on the next page:
- Battery B, New Jersey: 360 Schenkl shell for 10-pdr Parrott.
I would call attention to the types of projectiles reported here. In this case, we have three batteries which are part of the main field army of the Eastern Theater. One would assume these were well supplied. And we see healthy quantities of shell, case, and canister. But only one battery reported bolt or solid shot. Yet, we know the leaders in the artillery formation of that army – namely Brigadier-General Henry Hunt – expressed a preference for the use of solid shot.
What would explain a shortage of solid shot? Perhaps we are seeing the gap between intentions and the capabilities of the logistic system. And perhaps extending that gap was the higher use, based on the chief’s instructions, of solid projectiles. But short of some complaint by, say Hunt, to the Ordnance Department, there is no direct evidence to blame this on the supply system. As with much in the summaries, we have numbers. And numbers are figures, yet not necessarily information.
And to close, we look at the small arms:
- 1st New Hampshire: Twenty-nine Navy revolvers and nine cavalry sabers.
- Battery A, New Jersey: Fifteen Army revolvers and twenty-seven horse artillery sabers.
- Battery B, New Jersey: Eighteen Navy revolvers and sixteen horse artillery sabers.
Of note, in the last quarter Hexamer’s Battery reported over a hundred sabers. Over the winter, the battery lost many of those – presumably turned in as unnecessary.