The last state with entries in the fourth quarter, 1862 summary statements was Wisconsin. During the war, the Badger State provided thirteen light batteries. One of those, the 13th Battery, would not be organized until December 1863 and thus falls outside scope for this post. But the other twelve should be accounted for. The summary carries six returns for those batteries on hand at the end of 1862, plus an additional line for weapons assigned to the 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry.
With a few gaps to fill in, here are the Wisconsin batteries:
- 1st Battery: Reporting at New Orleans with six 20-pdr Parrotts. The location was valid for August 1864, when the return was received in Washington. As of the end of 1862, Captain Jacob T. Foster’s battery was employed with Sherman’s forces in the action at Chickasaw Bayou (Third Division, Right Wing, Thirteenth Corps). Foster’s men fired 2,380 rounds in three days there. Foster reported his men were very fatigued after the battle, “…the guns were handled as rapidly as light artillery, whereas they are in fact siege pieces, and should have at least 175 men to maneuver there.” Foster’s gunners would be in action again less than two weeks later at Arkansas Post.
- 2nd Battery: No return. Captain Ernst F. Herzberg commanded this battery at the end of 1862, but was replaced by Charles Beger within the first week of the new year. The battery served at Camp Hamilton, outside Fortress Monroe, Virginia, at this time of the war.
- 3rd Battery: No return. Lieutenant Cortland Livingston took this battery into action at Stones River, as part of Third Division, Left Wing, Fourteenth Corps (Army of the Cumberland). The battery fired 358 rounds in the battle.
- 4th Battery: No return. Was also at Camp Hamilton, Virginia. Captain John F. Vallee commanded this battery.
- 5th Battery: No return. Captain Oscar F. Pinney was mortally wounded on the first day at Stones River. Lieutenant Charles B. Humphrey assumed command. The battery was in First Division, Right Wing, Fourteenth Corps. The battery fired 726 rounds and lost one gun in the battle.
- 6th Battery: At Cartersville, Georgia with two 6-pdr field guns, two 12-pdr field howitzers, and two 3.80-inch James Rifles. Another case of a location derived from a later reporting date. In this case the battery was at Cartersville in October 1864. In December 1862, the “Buena Vista Battery” was operating in northern Mississippi as part of Seventh Division, Thirteenth Corps. Captain Henry Dillon commanded.
- 7th Battery: At Jackson, Tennessee with two 6-pdr field guns and one 12-pdr field howitzer. Lieutenant Galen E. Green commanded this battery, which was assigned to the District of Jackson, Thirteenth Corps. A somewhat sedate assignment at the time for the “Badger State Flying Artillery.”
- 8th Battery: No return. “Lyons’ Pinery Battery” also supported First Division, Right Wing, Fourteenth Corps at Stones River. Captain Stephen J. Carpenter, in command, was killed on the first day of the battle. Lieutenant Henry E. Stiles assumed command. The 8th fired 375 rounds in the battle. It lost a 6-pdr and a 10-pdr Parrott. At the end of the first day, Stiles reported two guns serviceable (type not specified).
- 9th Battery: Fort Lyon, Colorado with four 6-pdr field guns and two 12-pdr field howitzers. Captain Cyrus H. Johnson commanded this battery posted in the District of Colorado (alongside McLain’s Colorado Battery, I might add)
- 10th Battery: At Nashville, Tennessee with six 6-pdr field guns. Assigned to the Fourth Division, Center Wing, Fourteenth Corps. Captain Yates V. Beebe’s battery did not see action at Stones River.
- 11th Battery: No return. An interesting back story to cover this blank line. Formed in February 1862 as the 11th, this battery was transferred out as Battery L, 1st Illinois Light Artillery. So we’ve covered them in a previous post.
- 12th Battery: At Germantown, Tennessee with four 10-pdr Parrotts. Sort of the reverse happened with this battery. It was formed in Missouri, but under authority of the Wisconsin governor. Captain William Zickerick commanded the 12th at the end of 1862. It was part of the Seventh Division, Thirteenth Corps at the time.
And as mentioned, one additional line:
- 3rd Cavalry: Reporting at Fort Scott, Kansas with two 12-pdr mountain howitzers. The company designation appears to be “E.” The 3rd Cavalry had a section of mountain howitzers at the battle of Prairie Grove. So we might arbitrate the location given in the summary.
So we see the Wisconsin batteries were posted to the Western and Trans-Mississippi theaters and involved with (probably, counting the 3rd Cavalry detachment) three different battles in December 1862.
Moving down to the ammunition pages, here are the smoothbore quantities on hand:
And we have some entries to plant question marks next to:
- 1st Battery: Seventy-one 6-pdr canister. Now recall that 6-pdr caliber was 3.67-inch diameter, as was 20-pdr Parrott. So this might be a case of “it fits in the bore, so we must be able to use it….” to put things simply. Plant a question mark there.
- 6th Battery: 131 shot, 238 case, and 146 canister for 6-pdr field gun; 81 shell and 68 case for 12-pdr field howitzer; 144 cainster for 12-pdr mountain howitzer. Now 6th Battery was mixed with smoothbore guns, rifled guns, and field howitzers. But were they using mountain howitzer canister in field howitzers? Or is that last entry a data entry error? Again, we have a question mark.
- 7th Battery: 60 shot, 80 case, and 45 canister for 6-pdr field gun; 15 case and 15 canister for 12-pdr field howitzer. Small quantities might be explained by the battery having only three tubes on hand.
- 9th Battery: 400 shot, 320 case, and 80 canister for 6-pdr field gun; 150 shell, 190 case, and 62 canister for 12-pdr howitzer.
- 10th Battery: 598 shot and 550(?) case for 6-pdr field gun.
- 3rd Cavalry: 69 shell and 7 canister for 12-pdr mountain howitzer.
While the smoothbore section leaves us some questions to ponder, the rifled projectile sections are noticeably empty…. starting with the Hotchkiss columns:
Hotchkiss was unknown, apparently, to the Wisconsin men. Furthermore, Parrott and Schenkl were only a little more familiar:
Well… we can zoom in there…:
Two batteries with quantities to mention:
- 1st Battery: 124 shell, 415 case, and 51 canister of Parrott-patent for 20-pdr Parrott.
- 12th Battery: 502 shell, 149 case, and 119 canister of Parrott-patent for 10pdr Parrott; also 28 Schenkl shot for 10-pdr Parrott rifle.
But nothing further on the Schenkl columns on the next page:
So we are left to speculate about what projectiles were on hand for the James rifles.
On to the small arms:
For the four batteries reporting quantities:
- 1st Battery: Sixteen Army revolvers and six horse artillery sabers.
- 6th Battery: Sixty-six cavalry sabers.
- 9th Battery: 135 Navy revolvers and twenty-three horse artillery sabers.
- 10th Battery: Eighteen horse artillery sabers.
Closing this post, we come to the end of the fourth quarter, 1862 summaries. I’m going to take a short break on these posts before starting the first quarter, 1863. There will be a few “administrative” notes to make as the column headers changed a bit with the new year. But we’ll continue working through all these rows and columns in a somewhat orderly fashion.