Moving through the remaining state batteries, we come to Vermont…. and this offering:
Nothing to see here… move along…
Well, let us not move along! There’s something missing here. Vermont provided several batteries to the Federal cause. These deserve mention here. If nothing else let us identify omissions. At the time of reporting (December 1862) the 11th Vermont Infantry had just transformed into the 1st Vermont Heavy Artillery, posted to the Washington defenses. But being heavy, they fall outside the scope of the survey here. However, two light batteries from Vermont do fit within the scope (a third was not mustered until 1864). Both of these were assigned to the Department of the Gulf at the end of 1862. And we know the types of weapons on hand based on correspondence from January 1863:
- 1st Vermont Light Battery: Commanded by Captain George W. Duncan, with two 6-pdr rifled guns, two 6-pdr guns, and two howitzers, at Camp Parapet, defenses of New Orleans.
- 2nd Vermont Light Battery: In Third Division, Nineteenth Corps under Captain Pythagoras E. Holcomb, with two 6-pdr Sawyer guns, two 12-pdr howitzers, and two 3-inch rifles.
While these men were serving in a “backwater” of the war, that is not to say they were inactive. The 2nd Vermont played a role in the ill-fated attempt at Galveston, Texas at the start of 1863. These batteries would make the summary for the first quarter of 1863, by which time they reported “regular” armaments of six 3-inch rifles and six James rifles, respectively.
So if we are mentioning the omission of batteries from the fourth quarter, 1862 summaries, are there others overlooked? I’ve tried to fill in voids where existing within the state entries, and refer readers back to the respective posts for states listed in the summaries. But there are three batteries listed in Dyer’s that that fall outside the states listed in the summaries which I feel warrant mention here:
- 1st Arkansas (US) Battery: Some of the Arkansas unionists from the northwestern part of the state. Captain Denton D. Stark received authorization to form this battery at the start of 1863. The battery was posted to Springfield, Missouri while forming.
- 1st Colorado Battery: Commanded by Captain William D. McLain and often cited as McLain’s Independent Battery. The battery was posted to Fort Lyon, Colorado and had just formed in December 1862.
- Battery A, 1st Tennessee (US) Artillery Battalion: Also listed at times as the 1st Tennessee Battery, Middle Tennessee Battery, or other derivations. Captain Ephraim P. Abbott commanded this battery, listed in the garrison at Nashville. The battery would go on to serve with the Army of the Cumberland in the field.
Several more Tennessee batteries would later round out that battalion of unionist gunners. And there was an independent battery under Captain R. Clay Crawford from East Tennessee to consider. But none of those units were officially listed by the end of 1862 and thus “don’t make the cut” here.
I’m sure there are other batteries, sections, detachments, and details that should be mentioned for sake of a complete assessment. No slight intended to infantrymen and cavalrymen serving as gunners at that time (or their descendants), but those records often eluded the formal data-gathering processes of the time. For now, I’ll limit these listings to designated batteries that arguably could have been listed in the summaries for fourth quarter, 1862. And that arbitrary ruling leads me to include the five batteries named above as “omissions” from the summary for that period.
Next, I’ll work up the last installment for fourth quarter, 1862 – the Wisconsin batteries.