So what is next with New York? 2nd Regiment of Artillery? Well, for the fourth quarter, 1862 summary statement, the focus was on field artillery equipment. And the 2nd New York Artillery Regiment was a “Heavy” assigned to the Washington Defenses. The 2nd was brought out to the field in the spring of 1864, with a lot of other heavies, to be used as infantry. So another story for another day.
That brings us to the 3rd Regiment of Artillery from New York, the next “light” formation. Unlike the 1st Regiment, which was all in Virginia, the 3rd Regiment’s service was in North Carolina at this stage of the war. Briefly, the 3rd New York Artillery was originally the 19th New York Infantry. Reorganized in December 1861, the regiment contained Batteries A through K and M. In March 1862, those eleven batteries, commanded by Colonel James H. Ledlie (who would go on to infamy for actions later in the war), went to North Carolina to be part of Burnside’s operations. The batteries did not see a lot of action through the summer and into the fall, and were mostly deployed around New Berne. As part of a general reorganization of the Department of North Carolina, the 3rd New York and the other artillery batteries were organized into a brigade under Ledlie, as part of the Eighteenth Corps. Major Henry M. Stone assumed command of the regiment at that time. Some of the batteries were involved with Major-General John Foster’s Goldsborough campaign in December 1862. But the main duty of these batteries was garrisoning the post of New Berne.
That brings us to the regiment’s section of the summary:
Note the clerks only noted five received returns. For brevity, with the exception of Battery L (which I’ll explain) were in the Artillery Brigade, Eighteenth Corps, Department of North Carolina. And all, save Battery L, were reported at New Berne except where noted:
- Battery A: No return.
- Battery B: No location listed, but reporting six 12-pdr Napoleons.
- Battery C: No return.
- Battery D: No return.
- Battery E: New Berne, armed with two 24-pdr and two 32-pdr field howitzers. Yes, the big ones!
- Battery F: No return.
- Battery G: No return. Reported on duty at New Berne and Washington, North Carolina.
- Battery H: New Berne with six 12-pdr Napoleons.
- Battery I: New Berne reporting four 20-pdr Parrotts.
- Battery K: New Berne with six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.
- Battery L: No return. This battery was a “special case” detailed in the next paragraph.
- Battery M: No return.
The linage of Battery L deserves special mention. Captain Terrence J. Kennedy was authorized to recruit a battery sometime in 1861. This was designated the 1st Independent New York Light Artillery. However, somewhere along the way Kennedy’s battery was linked to the 3rd Regiment, on some books at least, as Battery L. Kennedy’s 1st New York served through the war with the independent battery designation, never serving as a 3rd regiment formation. However, in March 1865, the 24th New York Independent Battery, formerly Battery B, New York Rocket Battalion, was re-designated Battery L, 3rd New York. Thus we have a confusing story of three different batteries, one of which was only a paper designation. Bottom line, there was no Battery L, 3rd Artillery in December 1862.
Moving on to the ammunition sections, first we have the smoothbores:
Notice here the 24-pdr and 32-pdr columns that I usually omit for clarity:
- Battery B: 288 shot, 96 shell, 288 case, and 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- Battery E: 144 shell, 96 case, and 24 canister for 24-pdr field howitzers; 74 shell, 140 case, and 48 canister for 32-pdr field howitzers.
- Battery H: 288 shot, 96 shell, 288 case, and 96 canister for 12-pdr Napoleons.
- Battery K: 15 case for 24-pdr field howitzer.
Why Battery K would have 24-pdr howitzer ammunition? I only have speculative leads for now. Those obviously would not fit in the Ordnance Rifles. Battery K had what I’d consider meager quantities of the right size ammunition on hand:
Battery K reported 184 canister, 107 fuse shell, and 132 bullet shell of the Hotchkiss patent for 3-inch rifles.
For it’s 20-pdr Parrotts Battery I reported 289 shell and 48 canister, all of Parrott’s patent type:
The 3rd New York did not report any quantities of Dyer’s, James’, or Schenkl’s patent projectiles on hand for the reporting period.
As for small arms on hand:
- Battery B: 23 Army revolvers and 23 horse artillery sabers.
- Battery E: 19 Army revolvers, one cavalry saber, and 31 horse artillery sabers.
- Battery H: 17 Navy revolvers and 50(?) horse artillery sabers.
- Battery I: Nine Army revolvers and six horse artillery sabers.
- Battery K: 26 Army revolvers, two cavalry sabers, and 52 horse artillery sabers.
Circling back to to my “complaint” that the returns and summaries as inconsistent, I offer the 3rd New York Artillery as yet another example. All of these batteries (save the non-existent Battery L) were in one place and under one command structure. Yet the reporting was more miss than hit. I could understand lax attitude across the board. But in this case within a field organization, some were recorded while others were not. It implies to me that the returns were complied by battery and submitted by battery, as opposed to being consolidated by field or administrative (regimental) staff.
Maybe the omissions were due to the fault of the clerks? Again, one would presume the entire 3rd Regiment, as they were co-located, would submit one package of returns. So where omission occur, logically wouldn’t we see whole regiments missing? Maybe one or two batteries? But certainly not six out of eleven as we see here. In short, it sort of defies the logic in most intra-office protocols.
All we can say for sure is there are a lot of empty cells in the book.