Summary Statement: December 31, 1862 – 2nd Regiment, US Regulars

For the second installment on the Summary Statement of December 31, 1862, let us look at the 2nd Regiment, US (Regular) Artillery.  I’ve worked a bit more on the presentation of the data… lots of “cutting” and “pasting” to be sure … so you readers can see more of the raw information here.

That said, we start with the administrative data and Class I:


To make this easier to read and display, I’ve cut the column headers and moved us down to the appropriate lines for the batteries.  That is depicted with the red line.  I’ve also added yellow rule lines to assist here, as the ledger’s original rules are difficult to read.   And please do open the images here and check my figures.  Let’s not allow someone’s bad handwriting or my bad interpretation of their handwriting stand in the way of an accurate record.  That said, here’s what we have for the 2nd US Artillery:

  • Battery A – Located in “Camp near Falmouth, Va.”  The battery reported six 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.  (The battery was assigned to the Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac.)
  • Battery B – No location listed, but known to be at Falmouth.  Four 3-inch Ordnance Rifles.  (Also assigned to the Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac.)
  • Battery C – In Baton Rouge, Louisiana (Department of the Gulf).  Four 12-pdr Napoleons and two 3-inch Rifles.
  • Battery D – No location listed.  Likely Falmouth (it was assigned to Sixth Corps, Army of the Potomac).  Six 12-pdr Napoleons.
  • Battery E – Also in camp at Falmouth.  Only one 20-pdr Parrott reported.  That is likely a transcription error, as the battery had six of the big rifles on hand during the battle of Fredericksburg. (Part of the Ninth Corps.)
  • Battery F – Corinth, Mississippi.  Two 6-pdr field guns, two (or three?) 12-pdr field howitzers, and two 10-pdr Parrott rifles.  (This battery was in Thirteenth Corps, Army of the Tennessee.)
  • Battery G – White Oak Church, Virginia.  Six 12-pdr Napoleons. (Assigned to Sixth Corps, Army of the Potomac.)
  • Battery H – Fort Barrancas, Florida.  No field artillery reported.
  • Battery I – Fort McHenry, Maryland.  No field artillery reported.
  • Battery K – Fort Pickens, Florida.  No field artillery reported.
  • Battery L – Potomac Creek, Virginia. No field artillery reported.  (Battery L was consolidated with Battery B in May 1862, see above.)
  • Battery M – Falmouth.  Six 3-inch Rifles.  (Also assigned to the Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac.)

Only two of these batteries, both in the Western Theater, had mixed ordnance.

Moving down to Class V, where the prepared ammunition was listed, let me break this out by bore type.  Here’s the smoothbore ammunition:


No surprises here in regard to the ammunition calibers reported.  What I would note is the quantities:

  • Battery C – All 12-pdr caliber: 384 (?) spherical case and 138 canister.
  • Battery D – 12-pdr caliber: 273 solid shot, 110 shell, 321 spherical case, and 64 canister.
  • Battery F – 6-pdr caliber: 114 shot, 163 spherical case,  and 137 canister; 12-pdr howitzer: 87 shell, 158 spherical case, and 91 canister.
  • Battery G – 12-pdr caliber: 144 shot, 144 shell, 258 spherical case, and 208 canister.

Continuing on this section, there is only one entry for Hotchkiss rifle ammunition:


That’s 360 rounds of 3-inch Hotchkiss fuse shell with Battery C.

As for other rifled projectiles:


Also just a handful of entries:

  • Battery B – 356 Dyer 3-inch shrapnel.
  • Battery C – 40 Dyer 3-inch canister.
  • Battery E – 29 Parrott 20-pdr shell and 28 Parrott 20-pdr canister.
  • Battery F – Parrott 10-pdr: 152 shell, 81 case shot, 46 canister; and 79 Schenkel 10-pdr shot.

And the next section of rifled projectiles continued on the next leaf of the page:


Now we see totals for Schenkel’s Pattern:

  • Battery A – 80 3-inch Schenkel canister.
  • Battery B – 5 3-inch Schenkel shell and 53 3-inch Schenkel canister.
  • Battery E – 340 of the 20-pdr Schenkel (for Parrott)  shells.
  • Battery M – 3-inch Schenkel: 494 shell and 348 canister (with what appears to be “case” above the number).

Battery M also had 72 of “Tatham’s Canister for 3-inch….”

Notice the distribution of rifled projectile types among the batteries.  One question, given the numbers transcribed, that sticks out – did Battery A really just have canister on hand at the reporting time? Or was some number not transcribed?

Finally, Class VI: Small Arms:


Only Battery C reported quantities of muskets.  The “garrison” artillery reported no small arms, which I will assume did not count quantities assigned to the respective posts.  Lots of pistols and horse artillery sabers assigned to the field batteries.

Published by Craig Swain

"Historical marker hunter" and Civil War enthusiast.

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