150 years ago today, the Army of the Potomac suffered one of its worst defeats of the war at Second Ream’s Station. I see Timothy Orr has a piece up looking at the 14th Connecticut in the battle. And Civil War Daily Gazette has a nice overview for those unfamiliar with the battle.
Years ago when visiting the battlefield for the first time, I made a note the battle deserved a proper sesquicentennial post. In particular I wanted to discuss how the Confederates were able to maneuver in front of, and over, the Federal earthworks. A grand defiance in the face of the “stalemated” battlefield you read of in general histories of the war. But… alas… I must plead the date slipped away and my writing hours were too few for the task to be accomplished.
One aspect of the battle that I’d highlight is the performance of the Federal artillery. Or I should say – lack of dominance on the battlefield. Partly due to poor positioning, but largely just a symptom of a generally poor performance by the force overall, the Army of the Potomac’s artillery had a bad day all around. At the end of the day the Confederates boasted the capture of nine pieces of artillery. And we know exactly what guns they captured, thanks to Major J. G. Barnwell, Chief of Ordnance, Army of Northern Virginia:
Of that list there are some survivors around today. Start with Revere Copper 12-pdr Napoleon #253:
Today it is the centerpiece of an exhibit at the Petersburg Visitor center.
And #95 from Henry N. Hooper is at Manassas, near the 14th Brooklyn Memorial:
Cyrus Alger 12-pdr Napoleon #45 has a home today at Pea Ridge, Arkansas:
Ames 12-pdr Napoleon #55 is today at Chickamauga-Chattanooga, but I don’t have a current photo of the gun.
Of the 3-inch Ordnance Rifles, #533 is at Gettysburg, guarding the wall near the Angle:
While #541 is missing today, #542 is at Fort Sill, Oklahoma and #543 is on display somewhere in Boston, Massachusetts.
So that’s seven out of nine that survive today. Apparently, being captured increases the survival rate of artillery pieces.
In closing, many, many thanks to the effort of Civil War Trust and other preservation organizations for their ongoing efforts to preserve the battlefield at Reams Station.