This week we published forty-two new entries in the Civil War category of the Historical Marker Database. These are located at Civil War related sites in Alabama, Arizona, Georgia, Massachusetts, New York, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.
– The First Presbyterian Church in Jacksonville, Alabama served as a Confederate hospital during the war.
– A memorial in Ozark, Alabama honors the Dale County Confederate veterans of the war.
– Several entries from Montgomery, Alabama this week. Confederate delegates organized the new government in the state capitol. Jefferson Davis was inaugurated in the capitol building on February 18, 1861. The inaugural parade passed down Dexter Street while “Dixie” played. The tune itself was first played in the Montgomery Theater. Davis returned to Montgomery in 1886 to lay the cornerstone for the state’s Confederate memorial. Another memorial in the city honors John Allen Wyeth, soldier and surgeon.
– A memorial in Troy, Alabama honors Confederate veterans from Pike County.
– An interpretive marker near McCalla, Alabama discusses the Federal raid which destroyed the Tannehill Ironworks at the end of the war.
– A memorial near Serria Vista, Arizona notes five California volunteers listed as missing, presumed lost in Cochise County.
– On August 31, 1864, Federal troops moved past the Thames House to cut the last railroad into Atlanta, Georgia, thus forcing the city’s evacuation.
– Those troops were heading to the vicinity of Jonesboro, Georgia. Two markers from this week’s set discuss actions there. Hardee’s corps held a critical position until forced to withdraw in the evening of September 1, 1864. S.D. Lee’s corps made a series of marches before finally countermarching to Lovejoy’s Station on September 3.
– Also in Jonesboro, Georgia, at the start of Sherman’s March to the Sea, Federal cavalry fought with Iverson’s Confederate division in November 1864.
– In West Point, Georgia Fort Tyler Cemetery contains the remains of 76 men (of both sides) who died in the siege of the fort in April 1865. Confederate General Robert Tyler commanded the garrison and was among those who fell in the action.
– The Civil War memorial in Swampscott, Massachusetts lists men from the community who died in the war.
– A state marker in Mechanicsville, New York notes the final resting place of Colonel Elmer Ellsworth.
– A couple of markers in Mt. Pleasant, South Carolina discuss Confederate seacoast defense innovations. The H.L. Hunley operated in Cove Inlet during diving tests. Off Hog Island, Confederates seeded torpedoes, or mines, to protect a harbor entrance channel.
– General N.B. Forrest captured 250 Federals at Kenton, Tennessee during his December 1862 raid.
– Another skirmish on that raid occurred on December 19, 1862, north of Jackson, Tennessee at Carroll Station.
– Speaking of Forrest, eleven entries discuss the fortifications and wartime actions, particularly the April 12, 1864 battle, at Fort Pillow, Tennessee. Readers certainly recall the infamous massacre of U.S. Colored Troops at the fort. Few realize that famous author Alex Haley grew up only miles away, making Henning, Tennessee a fine example of the crossroads of our history.
– Outside Warrenton, Virginia a recently repaired state marker discusses the Second Manassas Campaign. The marker notes the Confederate moves over the Rappahannock River.
– A marker in Falmouth, Virginia interprets a wartime photo of the 2nd US Sharpshooters, identifying the men and their weapons. The marker stands outside the John O’Bannon House.
– A marker for Greenland Gap near Maysville, West Virginia notes actions there during the Jones-Imboden Raid of 1863.
– Francis Pierpont and his wife are buried in Woodlawn Cemetery in Fairmont, West Virginia. As governor of the “restored government of Virginia” Pierpont is known as the “Father of West Virginia.”
– Troops from both sides attended religious services in the Claysville Methodist Church, which stands in New Creek, West Virginia.