A bit international this week in the Civil War category at the Historical Marker Database. Seventy-one entries from Alabama, Florida, Maryland, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, and Scotland this week.
– Yes Scotland. In Edinburg, Scotland stands a memorial, topped with a statue of Lincoln, for six Scottish-Americans who fought for the Union during the war.
– Near Elkmont, Alabama, Gen. N.B. Forrest attacked and defeated a Federal garrison at Sulphur Creek Trestle on September 25, 1864.
– The Florida panhandle town of Bagdad witnessed several skirmishes during the war as Federal troops secured lumber bound for local mills. Troops also left graffiti in the Thompson House.
– Oxford, Maryland became an embarkation point for many regiments of US Colored Troops raised in the state. A marker there includes a description of those troops marching past slave owners en route to the war.
– Pro-Union militia burned the town of Nevada, Missouri on May 26, 1863, in a misguided attempt to stop “bushwhacking” in the Missouri border area.
– A memorial in White Plains, New York honors those from the community who died in service during the war.
– A memorial in Lexington, North Carolina honors Davidson County’s Confederate dead.
– Several additions from the Bentonville Battlefield in North Carolina this week. New interpretation orients visitors to the battlefield. Markers discuss the burial and re-burial of the dead, an earthwork line built by the 1st Michigan Engineers, the naval stores which came from the forests around the battlefield, and a memorial to the North Carolina soldiers.
– Numerous additions from Salisbury, North Carolina. John Ellis, the first Confederate governor, lived in the city. Dr. Josephus Wells Hall also lived in Salisbury, and worked as a surgeon at the nearby hospital. The Rowan County court house escaped destruction by Stoneman’s raiders at the end of the war. The county’s Confederate Memorial was dedicated in 1909. The Salisbury National Cemetery contains remains of those who died in the Salisbury prison camp and some nearby battlefields. Memorials in the cemetery include those for Maine, Pennsylvania, and the Unknown Dead.
– Near Warm Springs, Virginia, a wayside marker discusses the growth of turnpikes in Virginia, and includes a receipt from Confederate tolls paid for use of a nearby turnpike.
– A Confederate memorial in Bowling Green, Virginia notes the units raised in Caroline County.
– Twelve markers orient visitors to the Laurel Hill Battlefield, near Belington, West Virginia, fought in July 1861.
– A Civil War Trails marker in Gualey Bridge, West Virginia discusses efforts to control strategic bridges there.
– Spy Rock near Lookout, West Virginia, was used as an observation post and encampment site during the war.
– A marker in Montgomery, West Virginia provides a short biography of Christopher Payne, a slave who was a servant in the Confederate army, then later the state’s first African-American legislator.
– A marker in St. Albans, West Virginia notes that Federal troops camped on the estate of John Morgan before the battle of Scary, July 16, 1861.
– Sixteen markers orient visitors to the Droop Mountain Battlefield, fought near Hillsboro, West Virginia on November 6, 1863.
– From July to September 1861, while commanding forces in western Virginia, Robert E. Lee maintained a headquarters at Saltyfork, West Virginia.
– Confederates retreated from early defeats in West Virginia to Huttonsville. Later Federals built Camp Elkwater nearby, which became a target of Robert E. Lee’s forces in September 1861. One of Lee’s aides Colonel J.A. Washington was killed during Confederate attacks on the camp.