HMDB Civil War Updates – Week of August 9

Fifty-two entries added this mid-summer week from Florida, Georgia, Illinois, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.  Here’s the highlights:

– A marker in Tampa, Florida notes the site of Fort Brooke, part of the Confederate defenses of the city.  Two 24-pdr Siege Guns were recovered at the site and are on display today.

– A state marker in Covington, Georgia indicates that General Sherman spent November 18, 1864 at Harris’ Quarters, during the March to the Sea.

– An interpretive marker in Augusta, Georgia offers details of the Augusta Canal which supported the Confederate powder works.

– The Bond County Civil War Memorial honors veterans from the county, who primarily served in the Western Theater.

– Civil War trails markers in Lexington, North Carolina note events in the closing days of the war.  Jefferson Davis passed through on April 16-17, 1865.  After the war Federal cavalry under General Kilpatrick were quartered in the town.  Kilpatrick maintained his headquarters at “The Homestead” the residence of Dr. William Holt.

– During the Carolinas Campaign, Confederates established a hospital in Thomasville, North Carolina.  A mix of Federal and Confederates were buried in the city cemetery.

– More entries from Greensboro, North Carolina this week.  A Confederate arms factory supplied over 400 carbines.  A nearby memorial recalls the decision by the Confederate cabinet to allow General Johnston to surrender the Army of Tennessee.  Another memorial highlights the service of men from Greensboro and Guilford County.

Camp Fisher, in High Point, North Carolina, was a Confederate camp of instruction early in the war.  The Gillam & Miller Gun Factory in town produced limited quantities of weapons.

– A state marker in Mt. Airy, North Carolina indicates Stoneman’s Raid passed through the town on April 2-3, 1865.

– A new memorial honoring General J.E. Johnston on the Bentonville Battlefield, outside Four Oaks, North Carolina, strikes a dramatic pose.

– A Civil War trails marker notes the last skirmish in Sherman’s march through the Carolinas occurred near Chapel Hill, North Carolina, on April 14, 1865.

– In Salisbury, North Carolina, a Civil War trails marker orients the visitor to the location of a Confederate prison camp, which at one point in the war held 10,000 prisoners.

– Rather interesting quote on a Civil War trails marker in Rutherfordton, North Carolina.  After seeing the destructive wake of Tennessee Unionists who occupied the town in late April, 1865, a Union officer wrote, “The sympathy we used to feel for the loyal Tennesseeans is being rapidly transferred to their enemy.”

– A couple of markers in Danbury, North Carolina reference Moratock Iron Furnace.  The furnace provided iron to fill Confederate needs, until destroyed by Gen. Stoneman’s raiders on April 9, 1865.   Also in Danbury is a memorial to the Confederate troops from Stokes County.

– Continuing with the markers for Stoneman’s Raid, a state marker in Dobson, North Carolina notes the raiders passed through on April 2, 1865.  Also in Dodson is the Surry County Confederate memorial.

– A new Civil War Trails marker in Greencastle, Pennsylvania discusses William Rihl, cited as the first Union soldier killed in the state during the Gettysburg campaign.

– Three state markers from Refugio, Texas.  Most of Hobby’s 8th Texas Infantry formed in the county.  Colonel A.M. Hobby, who led the regiment, played an important role in the defense of the Texas coast.  Judge Stockton P. Donley was another notable Confederate officer from Refugio.

– Several entries from Newport News, Virginia this week.  One marker notes the service of John B. Magruder who delayed the Federal advance during the early part of the Peninsula Campaign of 1862.  The Warwick County Confederate memorial honors the service of men from the locality.   During the World Wars, Camps Stuart and Hill, both named for Confederate generals, were staging points for troops destined for overseas service.

– Union troops burned the Zion Methodist Church in Seaford, Virginia in 1862.  Confederates fortified nearby Goodwin Neck to delay the Federal advance.

– As the National Park Service updates markers on the Richmond Battlefields, we will update the entries.  One such update, posted this week, is from the Cold Harbor battlefield, noting the actions of Read’s Battalion of Confederate artillery.

Rider Gap on the border of Virginia and West Virginia is marked by a state marker near Rimel, West Virginia.  General W.W. Loring led 10,000 Confederates through the gap in 1861.  Loring was replaced by General Robert E. Lee, who camped a little further west at Huntersville, West Virginia.  The Presbyterian Church in Huntersville served as a hospital and garrison for both sides during the war.

– The town of Bartow, West Virginia got its name from Confederate Camp Bartow, which in turn was named for Colonel Francis Bartow who fell at First Manassas.  Federals attacked Camp Bartow without success on October 3, 1861.  Travelers’ Repose, a stage road stop on the old Staunton-Parkersburg Pike, was hit by several cannon balls during the fighting.  The original structure was replaced after the war.

– A Federal force camped just outside Hillboro, West Virginia on November 5, 1863, just prior to the battle of Droop Mountain.  The ground is near the birthplace of noted writer Pearl S. Buck.

Five markers in Rowlesburg, West Virginia detail, and let me stress detail (!), the April 1863 battle fought there.  Confederates under General “Grumble” Jones sought to destroy the B&O Railroad bridge and viaducts around the town, but were driven back by the Federal defenders.  While well off the beaten path, the battlefield is worth a visit.  If for nothing else the view from the mountains.

– The Civil War memorial in Neenah, Wisconsin honors the community’s war veterans.

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