HMDB Civil War Updates – Week of November 30

Contributors added thirty-five new entries in the Civil War category this week.  These new entries cover Civil War related sites in Alabama, California, the District of Columbia, Georgia, Ohio, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.  Here’s the rundown:

–  Harless Cemetery in Alabaster, Alabama contains the graves of veterans from nearly all America’s war, including the Civil War.

– Residents in Glen Ellen, California fought over their community’s cannon when its owner planned to sell the artifact in 1992.  Thankfully the 8-inch Siege Howitzer, which dates to the Civil War, remains as a notable fixture in the town.

St. Elizabeths Hospital in Washington, D.C., known as a mental health facility, rose to prominence during the Civil War when it was used for wounded and sick soldiers.

– Company D, 27th Georgia Infantry formed in the community of Redwine, near the present day Oakwood, Georgia.  The company fought in many major battles including Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Olustee, and Petersburg.

– A Georgia state marker points to General Alfred Iverson’s birthplace, near Clinton, Georgia.  Iverson is known for his disastrous attack on the first day at Gettysburg.

– The Planter’s Academy near Gray, Georgia, a state sponsored institution founded in 1822, was burned by Sherman’s men during the March to the Sea.

– Among the last actions of the Civil War, on April 19, 1865 Federal cavalry clashed with local militia forces in Barnesville, Georgia.  The Federals returned on May 5 while patrolling for Confederate President Jefferson Davis.

– Had the Federals the benefit of Georgia state markers (!) they would have known that on May 5-6, President Davis was near Sandersville, Georgia conducting the last official business of the Confederate government.

– The South Liberty Presbyterian Church in Sharon, Georgia suspended services during the Civil War, when the minister and many members served in the army.

– Alexander H. Stephens, Georgia congressman, secessionist, and Confederate Vice-President, was born near Crawfordville, Georgia.

– A 20-pdr Parrott rifle complements the Oxford, Ohio Veterans Memorial.

– Several entries this week from Fort Mill, South Carolina.  One is a state marker discussing Jefferson Davis’ flight in April 1865.

– But I found the memorials in Fort Mill’s Confederate Park a bit more interesting.  Not only does the park feature a Confederate Memorial with a solemn soldier, but also a memorial to women of the community which provided support for the war effort.   Also not forgotten are the community’s Catawba Indian population which supported the war listed on a memorial with a somewhat stereotypical Native American figure.   And then there is a memorial “Dedicated to the faithful slaves who loyal to a sacred trust. Toiled for the support of the army.”  Note the reliefs on the last memorial.

– The White Home in Rock Hill, South Carolina provided shelter to Confederate soldiers during the war.

– Two county markers in Arlington, Virginia note the location of Confederate outposts in the early stages of the war.  Minor’s Hill later became a Federal signal station and cantonment.

– The Hunter Mill Defense League sponsored two new markers along the Washington & Old Dominion Trail in Vienna, Virgina.  One offers a detailed listing of activities along the Hunter Station section of the railroad.  “Terror by the Tracks” discusses the execution of Reverend John Read by Mosby’s Rangers in October 1864.

– According to a state marker near Chester, Virginia, the Enon Baptist Church was dismantled by Union soldiers in May 1864 and used the wood to build a hospital.  After the war the wood was salvaged to rebuild the church.  Other nearby entries for this week’s list include a memorial to the 1st Virginia Infantry.  A Captain John Smith Trail marker provides a map to nearby Confederate earthwork remains.

– A memorial to the Civil War Balloonists stands at the Virginia Aviation Museum in Richmond, Virginia.

– A state marker details the First Battle of Deep Bottom near Varina, Virginia.  A nearby John Smith Trail wayside discusses the pontoon bridge maintained at the James River at Deep Bottom by Federal forces.  The Four Mile Creek Baptist Church was dismantled by Federals for use in the fortifications.

– A local marker, somewhat following the style of the Virginia State series, notes the location of Evergreen, the birthplace of Edmund Ruffin, near Hopewell, Virginia.

– One of the memorials in the City Point National Cemetery, in Hopewell, Virginia is dedicated to the Army of the James.

– The Edward Hart House in Beverly, West Virginia was occupied by Dr. George W. Yokum during the Civil War.  Dr. Yokum spent some time in a Federal prison for treating Confederate soldiers after the battle of Rich Mountain.