Time for the weekly look at activity with the Civil War category at Historical Marker Database. Fifty-nine entries this week out of about 475 total entry submissions overall at HMDB this week – about one in eight. Entries this week range from Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. Here’s the summary:
– Several state markers from Bartow County, Georgia this week. One near Atco indicates the camp site of the Federal 23rd Corps on May 21-22, 1864 near Pettit Creek. Another points out the location of a blockhouse built to defend the railroad line near Allatoona. The site was lost when Allatoona Dam was built. Lastly General Pierce Manning Butler Young has is own marker in Cartersville, discussing his military and political career. Young is cited as the youngest major general of the war.
– Continuing chronologically with the Atlanta Campaign for this week’s entries, a pair of markers in Cobb County discuss Johnston’s Chattahoochee River Line and the crossing south of the river. The later marker recounts the story of a Confederate pontoon bridge which drifted into Federal hands.
– Johnston’s Confederates fell back to a line south of the Chattahoochee on July 5-9, 1864, near another marker in Fulton County. The Confederates remained in that vicinity while Federals sought a way around the defenses. A portion of that line, manned by S.G. French’s Division, is indicated by another marker entered this week.
– Continuing the Atlanta Campaign thread, further to the north, upstream on the Chattahoochee is a marker discussing the Federal moves to outflank the River Line starting on July 17. Confederate forces shifted to meet this threat resulting in actions on July 19 and 20, the later known at the Battle of Peachtree Creek.
– Before leaving Georgia for this week’s markers, I must mention a pair of entries near the site of the Roswell Cotton Mills. The mills, active producing wool and other cloth during the war, featured some of the first apartments in Georgia, housing a largely female workforce. It was that workforce that Sherman sent north in order to ensure the mills were not reopened after the armies passed through.
– A state marker in Bourbon County, Kansas relates the pre-war, wartime, and post-war history of Fort Scott.
– The solitary Louisiana entry this week is a memorial relating the history of the Washington Artillery, standing in New Orleans.
– Six entries this week from Kansas City, Missouri relate details of the battle of Westport, October 23, 1864. Five of the six are stops along the driving tour of the battlefield. We’ll have a consolidated “tour by markers” of this site in the near future.
– A Confederate memorial in New Jersey? Yes, at Fort Mott State Park, recalling 2436 who died while held prisoner at Fort Delaware. Nearby is a memorial to Federal soldiers who died while serving at Fort Delaware. These are part of Finn’s Point National Cemetery. A nearby marker also points out Pea Patch Island where remains of Fort Delaware stand today.
– From Fort Hamilton, New York is a marker discussing a rare early production Napoleon 12-pdr with handles.
– As a “capitol of secession,” Columbia, South Carolina received harsh treatment during Sherman’s march through the state in 1865, as mentioned on a marker there.
– Elmwood Cemetery, in Memphis, Tennessee is the final resting place for 14 Confederate Generals.
– In Warm Springs, Virginia is Terrill Hill, home of the Terrill brothers – William and James. Both reached the rank of Brigadier General in during the war. William was killed leading a Federal brigade at the Battle of Perryville, October 8, 1862. James was killed in action at Bethesda Church, May 30, 1864.
– A marker in New Kent County, Virginia indicates the site of a small action in the Peninsula Campaign. On May 7, 1862, a force under Confederate General Gustavus Smith drove Federals under General William Franklin back from Confederate trains then retreating toward Richmond.
– A marker in Lancaster, Wisconsin points out the “First Civil War Monument” which was erected by public subscription started in September 1862. The monument was dedicated on July 4, 1867.
– A giant sycamore tree in Wellsburg, West Virginia is a witness to much of the town’s history, including a muster of militia men responding to a raid by Confederate General Morgan in 1863.
– A marker in White Sulfur Springs, West Virginia relates the battle of Dry Creek, fought between Confederate under Gen. Sam Jones and Federals under Gen. William Averell, on August 26-27, 1863.
– At nearby Lewisburg, forces under Confederate General Henry Heth and Federal General George Crook fought on May 23, 1862. Crook won the battle. In the aftermath, he refused to allow Confederate sympathizers to bury the dead, and instead buried them in a mass grave near a nearby church. After the war the remains were interned in a new mass grave shaped like a cross.
– My main contribution this week was seventeen more entries to the Shiloh set. These continue along Pittsburg Landing Road in front of the Visitor Center. You’ll see, to no surprise, I put a lot of detail into the cannon photos.